Management decisions: typology

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2020-07-02 22:50:09

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Management decisions are a choice to the leader's goals and highlighting the factors that contribute to their achievement. They can be classified according to certain types of in that case that possess some common characteristic that is common to a large number.

Let us Consider in more detail how is allocated a typology of managerial decisions on a number of indicators that allows to set several groups. They are few, but each has a set of specific features.

The First group. Management decisions are allocated according to the degree of development:

  • Programmed is taken as the result of successive steps according to standard procedures or clear rules, developed in advance.
  • Unprogrammed will require the formation of new procedures or guidelines. Managers need to accept them in a unique and new problem situations.

The Second group. Solutions can be classified according to the degree of justification. Based on this criterion, they are divided into the following:

  • Intuitive (subconscious) that accept leaders based on the idea that they are doing the right thing;
  • The logical will be developed on the basis of experience, knowledge and opinions;
  • The rational is based on an objective analysis of complex problematic situations using scientific techniques and computer technologies.

The Third group. Managerial decisions are classified according to whether they are implementing:

  • Valid able to meet any constraints and be implemented in practice;
  • Invalid (unrealistic) do not meet a number of constraints.

The Fourth group. Managerial decisions are classified according to the degree of achieving the ultimate goal. They can be:

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  • Irrational (invalid), which does not lead to the result.
  • Satisfactory, leading to achieve the ultimate goal of providing acceptable result;
  • The best head chooses in that case, if achieved the perfect solution.

The Fifth group. Management decisions are also made on the basis of innovativeness:

  • Routine that are made on the basis of the known methods of action;
  • Selective based on the choice of the only alternative of a specific set;
  • Adaptive be accepted if the situation will require some modification of accepted options;
  • Innovative will stand out in the special conditions, if the problem cannot be solved using well-known principles of action, demanding the formation of new variants that have not been used to date.

The Sixth group. Managerial decisions are classified according to the scale of the changes that are made to the organization. On the basis of this parameter that provide:

  • Situation that do not entail global changes and contact you with solving the current problems in the organization;
  • Reorganization include the use of significant measures (restructuring of the entire structure, the development of a strategy in the company).

The Seventh group. Managerial decisions are classified according to their time of action. On the basis of this stand out:

  • Strategic, which is aimed at achieving long-term objectives of the organization;
  • Tactical pursue the implementation of the medium-term, and intermediate objectives of the company;
  • Takes operational head daily in order to achieve short-term goals and to execute the current work in the organization.

The Eighth group. Management decisions can be classified in accordance with the scope of the company. So, there are the following:

  • Production;
  • Marketing;
  • Financial.

Therefore, the quality of managerial decisions will depend on a properly sized type.

 

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