The history of cut glass. Who invented it and when?

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2018-03-17 19:50:54

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It's hard Enough to find at least one family in the former Soviet Union, which had not kept in their lockers in the kitchen a couple, maybe more, faceted glasses. This cookware item is one of the symbols of that distant era. Currently most do not use them, but not throw up a hand. The history of faceted glass, who invented, when – all of this information is shrouded in mystery and legends. The article will try to understand all this.

Legends about the origin of faceted glass

Many objects and things of the Soviet times have a lot of legends about its origin. Not bypassed by all known faceted glass. The history of it is shrouded in many legends. Here are some of them that go around his appearance.

the history of cut glass

  1. Everybody knows the name of the artist of monumental sculpture by Vera Mukhina. This is the same wizard who designed the sculpture “worker and collective farm”. So, according to one legend, she's the one – the man who invented the faceted glass. It is believed that this helped her beloved husband, who in the long evenings were like a drink or another alcoholic beverage.
  2. Many are inclined to believe, on which his hand to the invention of cut glass made by the Soviet engineer Nikolai Slavyanov. He was a master of mining, then became Professor of Geology. In the circle of his friends and acquaintances he is known for discoveries in the field of arc welding and sealing castings with electricity. It was his merit is attributed to the high level of development of the metallurgical industry in Soviet times.Original Slavs are suggested to make the glass, metal, and options contained sketches of products with 10, 20 and 30 faces. It is then Mukhin proposed to produce such a glass in a glass.
  3. Another legend explains where it came from faceted glass. The history of it is associated with the times of Peter the great. One of Vladimir master glassmaking, Yefim Smolin, presented to the king a glass with assurances that it is almost impossible to break. Peter drank from his wine and threw it on the ground, uttering the words: “the Cup to be”. But, unfortunately, the glass broke. However, the ruler did not show his anger. Since there was a tradition of breaking dishes in the process of a feast.

Where did the word “glass”

Not only the history of cut glass rather vague and contradictory, but the name of the object has several opinions about its origin.

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From historical information it is known that in the 17th century was the pottery was made of lapped small plates connected in rings, and it was called the ‘destacan”. Many believe that from this word came the name of faceted glasses.

According to another version, the word is of Turkic origin, the language was in everyday use words like “meal”, meaning a festive table, and “Costigan” – bowl. The combination of these two words and came to be called the glass, which began to be used.

The glass

The History of cut glass in Russia dates back to 1943, when he rolled out of a glass factory in Gus-Crystal, the first representative of the army of glasses. Many believe that this form is not just a fantasy but a necessity.what is the history of faceted glass in Russian

It Turns out that in those days there was the first dishwasher, which could perform its functions only when immersed in them utensils of a certain shape and size. So I had to release the glass faces, but not round walls.

Emergence of a “alien” in Russia

According to the historical information, in 1943, from the conveyor of a glass factory in Gus-gone not the first representative of cut glasses, and the updated old ones. The history of faceted glass (16 facets) claims that he appeared quite a long time.

I came Up with this cookware item is not in the USSR, and in Russia, in the 17th century. Proof of this are the exhibits in the Hermitage collection.

Confirm the antiquity of the origin of the glasses and a special mention in army doctrine that was issued by Paul I in the late 18th century. At that time the monarch tried to reform the army, which was far from full combat readiness, and ordered the faceted glass that limit your daily dose of wine, which was supposed soldiers in the army.

It Is believed that the history of faceted glass is not connected with Russia. A great example of this – this is a picture of Diego Velaskes called “Breakfast”.faceted glass history

On the table you can also see the faceted glass, but the faces are not vertical, and slightly curved. If you look at the time the picture was painted, and it was in 1617-1618 years, it is safe to say that faceted glass, its associated not with Russia, and abroad.

This fact is confirmed by the fact that the method of manufacture of the glasses that were used in the USSR, only invented in 1820 – a method of pressing. Started production using this technology was already in the mid-19th century, and in Russia it was only in the 20th century.

What is the secret of high strength glass?

Soviet faceted glasses not only has a convenient form and does not slip in the hand, but was very durable. This was achieved decent wall thickness and the use of special technologies.

Raw materials for making glass to faceted cups cooked under enormous temperature in the range of 1400-1600 degrees, then carried out the process of baking and cutting a special technology. There was a period of time when the mixture for the manufacture to increase strength added to the lead, which is usually used in the production of crystal glassware.

Production cut glasses

In the glass factories began to produce glasses of different sizes and having different number of faces. The amount could vary from 50 to 250 ml, and the faces were from 8 to 14.

The Classic story faceted glass believes the product is 250 ml and having 10 faces. It can be used to accurately measure the right amount of bulk and liquid products.

In the 80-ies of the glass plants equipment began to replace imports, which led to the loss of the usual qualities of the faceted glass. who invented faceted glass

Glass, who was noted for great strength, withstand changes in temperature and fall from the table, began to crack at the sides. Some fell off the bottom. The culprit is the violation of manufacturing technology.

Features faceted glasses

Despite the fact that much information about who invented the faceted glass, the history and the emergence in Russia are also contradictory, yet the characteristics remain the same. And they differ from those in other similar products.

  • Diameter of the upper part - from 7.2 to 7.3.
  • Diameter of bottom of tumbler - 5.5 cm.
  • The Height of glass is 10.5 inches.
  • The Number of faces is most often 16 or 20.
  • On the top of the glass goes edge, width - from 1.4 to 2.1 cm

All the glasses of the Soviet era, produced by different glass factories, had the following characteristics.

The Advantage of faceted glass over other similar products

In the former Soviet Union, faceted glass has a wide distribution, due to its advantages compared to its counterparts.

  1. Does Not roll off the table, for example, on a ship during pitching and motion of the waves.
  2. Popular in catering establishments due to its high strength.
  3. Fans of drinking of alcoholic drinks has chosen this subject, because with his help it was easy to split the bottle three ways. If you pour liquid to the rim, one glass is placed just third part of a half-liter bottle.
  4. Glass remains intact when dropped from a decent height. This strength is largely due to the presence of faces that give this property a fragile glass.

Modern life faceted glass

If in Soviet times, faceted glass has been a fixture of every kitchen, now to find a cookware item is not so easy. Everything can be explained by the fact that most glass factories have discontinued this product.

The plant in Gus-Crystal, where, as the story of cut glass, was released the first faceted representative, produce other glasses, which are completely transparent, which is not faceted. Representatives of the Soviet era produced only on order.faceted glass history

Now for some faceted glass is an occasion to entertain and be celebrated myself. In 2005, in celebration of the city day in Izhevsk was built a high tower nearly 2.5 meters in height from the cut glasses. Such a construction has gone 2024 glasses. The idea belonged to one distillery.

Interesting information about faceted glass

No matter what is the history of faceted glass in Russia, it has always been used not only for its intended purpose. Hostess of the old school found him sometimes the most unexpected applications.

faceted glass history how many faces AR: https://tostpost.com/ar/education/1261-the-history-of-cut-glass-who-invented-it-and-when.html

BE: https://tostpost.com/be/adukacyya/2165-g-storyya-granenay-shklyank-hto-yago-pryduma-kal.html

DE: https://tostpost.com/de/bildung/2163-geschichte-facettierten-glas-wer-es-erfunden-hat-und-wann.html

ES: https://tostpost.com/es/la-educaci-n/2168-la-historia-de-cortado-de-la-taza-quien-lo-invent-y-cu-ndo.html

HI: https://tostpost.com/hi/education/1261-the-history-of-cut-glass-who-invented-it-and-when.html

JA: https://tostpost.com/ja/education/1260-the-history-of-cut-glass-who-invented-it-and-when.html

KK: https://tostpost.com/kk/b-l-m/2166-aza-stan-tarihy-granenogo-sta-an-ony-k-m-oylap-tapty-zh-ne-ashan.html

PL: https://tostpost.com/pl/edukacja/2169-historia-granenogo-szklanki-kto-to-wymy-li-i-kiedy.html

PT: https://tostpost.com/pt/educa-o/2166-a-hist-ria-granenogo-copo-quem-o-inventou-e-quando.html

TR: https://tostpost.com/tr/e-itim/2171-hikaye-granenogo-bardak-onu-kim-icat-etti-ve-ne-zaman.html

UK: https://tostpost.com/uk/osv-ta/2168-stor-ya-granchastogo-stakana-hto-yogo-vinayshov-koli.html

ZH: https://tostpost.com/zh/education/1309-the-history-of-cut-glass-who-invented-it-and-when.html






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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