The policy of war communism: a brief about the causes, progress and results


2018-03-18 00:25:56




1Like 0Dislike


To be able to understand what was the policy of war communism, a brief look at the public mood in the turbulent years of the Civil war, and the situation of the Bolshevik party during this period (its war communismPart in the war and government policy).

1917-1921 years were the hardest period in the history of our country. So they took a bloody war with many warring parties and a difficult geopolitical situation

War communism: a brief on the situation of the CPSU (b)

In this time of crisis in various parts of the former Empire for every piece of its land fought a lot of contenders. The German army; local national forces seeking to establish their own state on the ruins of the Empire (for example, the formation of the CCM); the local people's enterprises, which were commanded by the regional authorities; the poles invaded in 1919 in the Ukrainian territory; the white guard counterrevolutionaries; the Federal recent formation of the Entente; and finally, the Bolshevik units. In these circumstances, absolutely necessary key to the victory was a complete concentration of forces and the mobilization of all available resources for the military defeat of all enemies. In fact, this mobilization of the Communists and was war communism pursued by the leadership of the CPSU (b) from the first months of 1918 to March 1921.

War communism: a brief about the nature of the regimethe end of the civil war briefly

In the course of implementing the policy caused a lot of contradictory opinions. Its main points were the following steps:

- the nationalization of the whole complex of industry and the banking system;

- the state monopolization of foreign trade;

- forced labor conscription of the entire population able to work;

- food dictatorship. This was the most odious to the peasants, because made a violent confiscation of the grain in favor of the soldiers and the starving city. Requisitioning and today is often set as an example of the atrocities of the Bolsheviks, however, which was smoothed considerably the food problem of workers in cities.


"Knowledge is light and ignorance is darkness": the value, meaning and alternatives

There are some sayings that would seem to need no explanation, such as “teaching & ndash; light and ignorance – darkness”. But some still do not understand their meaning. But not only for such people is written by our article. I...

What was invented by Mendeleev for the army. The history and fate of the invention

What was invented by Mendeleev for the army. The history and fate of the invention

D. I. Mendeleev was a brilliant Russian scientist-polymath, who made many important discoveries in various fields of science and technology. Many people know that he is the author of “Fundamentals of chemistry" and the periodic law of chem...

The origin of the Slavs. The influence of different cultures

The origin of the Slavs. The influence of different cultures

Slavs (under this name), according to some researchers, appeared in the story only in 6 century ad. However, the language of nationality bears the archaic features of the Indo-European community. This, in turn, suggests that the origin of the Slavs h...

War communism: a brief about the reaction of the population

Frankly speaking, war communism was a force compulsion of the masses to increase the intensity of work for the victory of the Bolsheviks. As already mentioned, the main part of the discontent of Russian peasants at the time of the country - caused the surplus. However, in fairness, I must say that the same technique was used, and the whites. It logically followed from the situation in the country since the First world war and the Civil war completely destroyed the traditional trading links between rural and urban areas. This has led to the deplorable state of many industrial enterprises. There was thus dissatisfaction with the policy of military communism in the cities. Here, instead of the expected increase in productivity and economic recovery, on the contrary, there was a weakening of discipline in the enterprises. Replace the old frame to the new (which were Communists, but not always skilled managers) led to a noticeable decline of industry and the decrease in economic performance.

NEP 1921The End of the civil war: brief on the main

Despite all the difficulties, the policy of war communism kept prepared for her role. Though not always successful, however, the Bolsheviks were able to gather all forces against the counter-revolution and to stand strong in battles. However, it sparked popular demonstrations and seriously undermine the authority of the CPSU (b) in the peasantry. The last such mass performance was in Kronstadt that occurred in the spring of 1921. The result was Lenin initiated the transition to the so-called New economic policy. The NEP in 1921 in the shortest time possible helped to restore the economy.

Article in other languages:













Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

Consistent and inconsistent definition in the Russian language

Consistent and inconsistent definition in the Russian language

the proposals are known from the school course of Russian language are divided into two categories: major and minor. In contrast to the main parts of the sentence that constitute the grammatical basis of secondary members may be m...

The metal from which primitive people made jewelry, was a natural origin

The metal from which primitive people made jewelry, was a natural origin

the primitive Period in human history - a very brutal time. It was a real test for people's survival and further development directly depended on their activity. Nevertheless, even in these circumstances people have sought to dive...

Real gases: deviations from ideality

Real gases: deviations from ideality

the Term “real gases” among chemists and physicists called such gases, which properties are the most directly dependent on their intermolecular interactions. Although in any workshop manual you can read that one mole o...

The Huguenot - who is this? The Huguenots and Protestants. The Huguenots in France

The Huguenot - who is this? The Huguenots and Protestants. The Huguenots in France

In the middle of the sixteenth century, the monarchy in France was going through hard times. Italian war, which ended in defeat, led to a severe crisis of power and economy. French feudal lords, seeking high positions, new land an...

The most famous travellers and their discoveries

The most famous travellers and their discoveries

Travel has always lured people, but before they were not only interesting but also very challenging. The territory was not explored, and going to a way, everyone became a researcher. What travellers are the most famous and what ex...

Climate Chile: features and advantages

Climate Chile: features and advantages

Chile – a country that has become unique thanks to its borders. Externally, it resembles an elongated strip, which is incredibly narrow and very long. For this reason, the climate of Chile is so diverse because the territory...