Zoology the science of animals that deals with the study of representatives of the appropriate kind (Animalia). This could include all types of organisms, eating foods with protein, carbohydrates and fats. These types differ from plants is that they are constantly synthesize necessary for life organic matter from certain sources. Many kinds of animals are able to move independently. Mushrooms have always considered plants. However, I noticed that they have the ability to absorb organic matter from external sources. Also, there are organisms which synthesize starch from inorganic molecules. However, they do not have the ability to move. In other words, it is impossible to give a General concept and to highlight alternative criteria between animals and plants, since they do not exist.
In this case, there is a division into many areas that differenciate depending on what kind of object studied and studied some problems. Zoology-the science that is divided into two basic directions. Namely, the study of invertebrates and vertebrates. Also in these areas can include subjects such:
- Protistology. In this case, is the study of the protozoa.
- Ichthyology-study of fish.
- Helminthology-study of parasitic worms.
- Malacologia – the study of mollusks.
- Acarologia – the study of ticks.
- Entomology-study of insects.
- Carcinology – the study of crustaceans organisms.
- Herpetology-study of reptiles and amphibians.
- Ornithology-study of birds.
- Theriology – the study of mammals.
Consider this item in detail. Rather peculiar at this science story development. Zoology animals have always played an important role in human life. Looking at these individuals, their behavior, skills, ancient people better understand the environment. After all, humanity had to learn to hunt birds and animals, how and where to fish, how to protect yourself from a predator. And all these skills you could learn from animals. Zoology – it is a science with ancient roots and a rich and interesting history.
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For the First time in the fourth century BC about this science became known from the books of the great scholar of Aristotle. It is reliable fact. In his books he described the origin of about 500 species of different animals. Some of them had red blood, and some were no reason at all. Also in the works of this scientist outlined the importance of each kind of animal, as well as their development and structure. Such a detailed description has become a real encyclopedia.
In the Middle ages continued to develop this science story. Zoology every year has moved a step forward. Some important information about the animals, which became known even in ancient times, were forgotten. The scientists focused their attention on breeding, hunting and animal welfare. Lost interest again increased only in the Renaissance. At that time, paid attention to seafaring and trade. This was carried out numerous expeditions to study new species of plants and animals, of which nothing was known previously.
Carl Linnaeus also played an important role in the development of Zoology. He has classified the animal world, and gave scientific names for each definition in it.
However, this is not the end of this science story development. Zoology is much improved in the second half of the XIX century. After Charles Darwin published a book about “the Origin of species by means of natural selection”. In his work he proved a fact. It lies in the fact that the world is changing because of natural selection. That is, a new individual conduct the struggle for existence and survival and only the strongest. Thanks to this basis, Zoology the science of animals began to evolve rapidly. About this success will be known in the taxonomy. There will be a description of the appearance of new species.
Also about the history of the formation of Zoology will be known in Russia after the expeditions to the East and North of Siberia. They were made by A. F. Middendorf, N. Przewalski M., Semenov-Tyan-Shansky. Was also conducted scientific expeditions in Central Asia on embryology by I. I. Mechnikov and A. O. by Kowalewski, and paleontology - V. O. by Kowalewski, physiology – Sechenova by I. M. and I. P. Pavlov.
This could include the totality of the Sciences of the animal world. This takes into account certain areas. Namely:
As mentioned earlier, Zoology studying birds, mammals and insects. For easier perception of this science was divided into special sections. This will be discussed next.
In General, Zoology – it is a science, which is directly linked to other disciplines and directions. For example, it has a very close relationship with medicine.
It's very large and multifaceted. Animals live everywhere - in fields, steppes and forests, the air, seas, oceans, lakes and rivers.
In our world there are such individuals as parasites, has chosen as its habitat the animal or human. Individuals of this type can be seen on the plants. For example, that caterpillars, aphids and mites.
There are many individuals that benefit not only nature but man. For example, it bees, beetles, flies and butterflies. They pollinate many flowers and plants. Also important in nature and birds. They carry plant seeds long distances.
There are also animals that cause harm to plants, destroying crops. However, this does not prove that their existence is meaningless. They can be a major link in the food chain of various animals. This all leads to what is Zoology important. Zoology in this direction is an indispensable science.
For each person it is very important to obtain proteins and carbohydrates from meat. Before there were no shops and supermarkets, this product was obtained through hunting. Then people learned how to fish and have acquired skills in her breeding.
Mankind has learned to domesticate wild animals and to use it to their advantage. His breeding gave him an opportunity to obtain products such as meat, milk, eggs etc. from animals, people learned how to make fur, feathers and skin and used it for their needs.
About 10 thousand years ago man first domesticated the wild wolf. These were the first ancestors of the dog. Now, these animals are considered the most loyal and devoted friends of people.
But livestock activities began with the domestication of horses. They were indispensable in the economy.
All individuals of this species are distinguished by the type, structure, breathing, reproduction, development and so on. Animals differ from plants in that they do not have hard cellulose membranes. They are fed ready-made organic substances. For animals is characterized by active movement. ...
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
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