Cruciferous plants and their characteristics

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2019-05-15 08:20:23

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All angiosperms (flowering) plants are divided into monocots and dicots. First class includes such families as Liliaceae, onions, grasses, orchids, palms, Araceae, Cyperaceae. The second includes all the rest, for example, rozotsvetnye, Magnolia, pumpkin, walnut, birch and so on. Plants belonging to each of the classes that have the structure of individual features.cruciferous plant

Place the cabbage in the classification of living beings

All members of the cabbage family have the following position in the classification of living organisms

  • Domain — eukaryotes;
  • The Kingdom — plants;
  • Department — angiosperms (flowering);
  • Class — dicotyledons;
  • Order — crucifers;
  • Family — cruciferous (cabbage).features of cruciferous plants

Also, this family, in turn, is subdivided into genera. The genus name, belongs to any type, it is often possible to know the name of the latter. For example, cabbage belongs to the genus of the cabbage (it is ranked among and rapeseed), wild mustard — to the genus of Mustard, etc.

Main features cruciferous plants

These plants are also called cabbage. The family in total includes about three thousand species. These include such plants as the core, turnips, mustard, lettuce, horseradish and other vegetables and herbs, as well as many weeds (e.g. shepherd's purse), some of them very difficult to eradicate. Life form representatives of this group varies from herbs to shrubs or subshrubs. Key features of cruciferous plant lies in the fact that they all have a flower that has four sepals, four petals, six stamens and one pistil. The fruit of Brassicaceae is represented by pod (rarely — a Willie or a nut), they can vary in size and shape. Their seeds are rich in oil, is distributed mainly by wind. To cruciferous with fruit in the form of Willie include shepherd's purse, field aruda and others with nut — the dye of the woad and Eastern sverbiga. Cruciferous plants, like all other dicots have leaves with netted type of venation. Root system — pivotal, that is, a pronounced main root and grows from his side. The flowers are collected in inflorescence-type brush.

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the main features of plants of the family Cruciferae

Decorative cruciferous plants

This group may include garnet. This plant has large flowers of different colors, gathered in the lush blossoms, a height of about 50 cm They are grown in pots and in open ground. Also this can be attributed to the wallflower, which often can be found in the garden. In addition, there are some types of cabbage, with colored leaves, which are sometimes grown for ornamental purposes.

Poisonous plants of the cabbage family

Few people know which cruciferous plants are poisonous. These may be the same wallflower. This plant has long narrow leaves and large deep yellow flowers, gathered in the inflorescence-brush. In the juice of wallflower contains such toxic substances as glycosides. When ingested they affect the circulatory system, directly on the muscles of the heart.what are cruciferous plants

Cabbage in industry and agriculture

The Most known, common and often used in rural industry cruciferous plants — cabbage and cauliflower. They have a number of useful properties, in particular they contain rare vitamins — U and K are also here in large quantities are vitamins b and C. Another advantage of cabbage is the absence of sucrose and starch, so it is completely dietary product. It also contains many trace elements, among which Nahuatl magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, iron and Dre. Cabbage, especially its juice, helps to cleanse the body and improve the functioning of the liver and spleen (due to vitamin U, which, incidentally, contains another and turnips). There are also among cruciferous and forage crops such as turnips, fodder Kale, rape. They are all rich in trace elements (phosphorus, sodium, calcium), vitamin B2, contain some amount of protein. Another feed cruciferous plant — turnips. In addition to these substances, it is also rich in vitamin C, but contains fewer minerals. In the same vein, use ambrosia — hybrid fodder cabbage and rape. cruciferous plant

Another cruciferous plants are widely used in agriculture as oilseeds. This group can be attributed primarily canola, the seeds of which fifty percent is composed of oils and mustard. Oil is the first plant used only for technical purposes, for example, in the hardening of steel. The second — in the food industry: production of canned foods and margarine. As vegetable crops, except cabbage, are also often grown radish, radish as a condimentuse the same mustard, horseradish. About the beneficial properties of these plants is also worth remembering. Radish is rich in vitamins b, PP, C, calcium, iron, sodium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus. In addition, it contains volatile. Horseradish contains nutrients such as vitamin C (it's even more than lemon), PP, sodium, sulfur, potassium, phosphorus, iron; in its leaves there is the carotene. Radish — one of the most useful vegetables, it is rich in vitamins PP, C, carotene, Lisitsina, Pantothenic acid.

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