Learn to read the test results: as indicated by blood sugar


2018-03-18 03:46:13




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Normal functioning of the body depends largely on the stability of the sugar levels in our blood. When you eat carbohydrates, sweets, there are processes, turning them into glucose. It is used by our body as energy. Glucose includes the work of a variety of functions, including the processes that occur in the body at the cellular level. Knowing how the blood sugar is indicated, you will be able to control the level and the time to recognize the problems that arise with raising or lowering this value.

how the blood sugar is indicated

Glucose Level

First of all, it should be noted that from a medical point of view correct to say "glucose". Sugar is made up of a group of substances in the blood also determine exactly glucose. But the term “blood sugar” so was included into the figures of speech that is used in this form, not only in conversations but also in the medical literature. Denotes sugar in blood GLU Latin letters, the word "glucose".

First of all, this indicator informs us about the condition of carbohydrate metabolism in the body. Glucose comes from complex carbohydrates, which are broken down in the digestive tract and enter the bloodstream. The conclusion – in various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract the absorption of glucose can be broken. Entering blood glucose is only partially used by the body, mostly in the form of glycogen deposited in the liver. Further, in case of emergency (emotional, physical activity) there is a splitting of glycogen and glucose is released into the blood.


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Conclusion – the liver is the custodian of glucose, so when it is diseases of the blood sugar level may also change. For an exit from the liver, synthesis, glucose uptake meets the neuroendocrine system, adrenal glands, pancreas. Therefore, pathology in any of these organs becomes the cause of the failure in the indicators of blood sugar.

Regulation in the body

 what letters is indicated by sugar in the blood

It is important that the sugar level is always in the body was normal. Finding out how the blood sugar is indicated, you can now monitor this indicator. If it was lower or higher, you may experience the following consequences:

  • Dizziness, possible unconsciousness, as a consequence – coma.
  • An increase in sugar severe fatigue. Dark, blurry picture before my eyes.

As the regulated blood sugar in the body, consider the principles of mechanism:

  • When the sugar levels rise the pancreas detects the signal for insulin production. The liver begins to process the excess glucose into glucagon element. In this case blood sugar drops.
  • Low sugar pancreas gets the signal to suspend the production of insulin, when it starts to synthesize glucose from glucagon. The liver temporarily stops processing glucose glucagon. In the body increasing the blood sugar level.
  • With normal sugar, when you consume food, the pancreas produces insulin, which helps glucose enter cells and provide it energy. The liver is at rest.

as sugar is indicated in a blood test

How sugar is indicated in a blood test?

Most parameters of blood read thanks to the analyses carried out on the Hematology analyzers. They allow direct read 24 option, including “blood sugar”, which represents GLU. The indicators are only defined when carrying out biochemical analysis of blood or special medication to determine the level of glucose.

Many are trying to know how is the sugar in the blood test. So you know that a common blood test decode only some parameters such as hemoglobin, erythrocytes, blood count and some other. The blood sugar level of the common analysis you will not know. The General analysis conducted in order to determine the overall condition of the body. The only thing that we can say that the indicators such as RBC or hematocrit may indicate the presence of diabetes, and indicates the ratio in the blood plasma and erythrocytes. For a more accurate diagnosis, additional tests, the doctor will prescribe a detailed biochemical analysis of blood. On the question of how the biochemical analysis of blood sugar is indicated, give the answer – Latin letters GLU.

Measure glucose at home

how is the sugar in the blood test

Modern medical equipment allows to determine the level of sugar on their own. At any pharmacy for this purpose you can purchase a glucometer. This does not necessarily make sense, as indicated by the level of sugar in the blood. Standard set in any instrument includes a starter pack of special test strips and sterile lancets. The surface of the skin on the finger need to be pricked with a Lancet, a drop of blood is then transferred to the test strip. By inserting it in the device itself, you can see the result in figures will be displayed.

Some types of blood glucose meters are able to read information from capillary blood from any place on the body, be it forearm, shoulder, thigh. However, be aware that the fingertip has the highest blood circulation, therefore from here, you can get the most quality results at home. This is very important because sugar levels can change quickly with different emotional, physical exertion, and after meals.

The Norm

Now knowing how the blood sugar is indicated, look at the result of the analysis and make sure your vitals are good. What should they be? On an empty stomach in the morning from 3.3 to 5.5 mmol/L. Figures from 5.6 to 6.6 talking about impaired blood sugar, as this can be called the border between pathology and norm.

Figure 6.7 mmol/l gives reason to suspect the presence of diabetes in a patient. To confirm the diagnosis the doctor should prescribe glucose tolerance test - analysis within two hours after sugar load. In this test, the indicator of the standards should be increased to 7.7 mmol/l, impaired tolerance will be identified in the 7.8-11.1 mmol/l Confirm diabetes mellitus - an indicator of 11.2 mmol/L.

denotes sugar in blood the Latin

Signs of increased sugar

Explaining what the letters denoted the sugar in the blood will acquaint you with the symptoms of high glucose levels:

  • A Feeling of thirst. This may indicate that the glucose level is elevated. And this might be a symptom of diabetes. When the body loses the ability to keep normal sugar levels, the kidneys work harder, they take more moisture out of the body. There are frequent urination, dehydration. Receives a signal to replenish water reserves.
  • Fatigue. If sugar is not converted into energy, just lie in the blood, fatigue sets in, sometimes even want to lie down and take a NAP.
  • Dizziness. Frequent dizziness – a signal to consult doctor May increase blood sugar.
  • Swelling of feet, hands. Pressure and diabetes lead to kidney problems, then – improper filtration of liquids, as a result-swelling.
  • Tingling, numbness. When you change the temperature there is a tingling sensation in the limbs.
  • Loss of vision. The sensory nerve endings in the eyes are damaged as a result of high sugar and pressure. There was a deterioration of the functions of the vessels of the eye, diabetic retinopathy occurs.

how is the level of sugar in the blood

Ways to reduce blood sugar

If you are familiar with the symbols in the blood, you can easily determine if you have a higher level of glucose in the blood. What methods exist to reduce the sugar level, keep it under control?

  • Maintain weight.
  • A diet that includes various vegetables, fiber, fruit, low in calories. Completely eliminate alcohol.
  • Spend more time relaxing. Get enough sleep. Go to sleep and get up at the same time.
  • Do Not drink at night coffee.
  • At least an hour a day of exercise.

Is there a cure for diabetes?

To Fully cure diabetes it is impossible. Modern science has not yet come up with such methods. Controlling the glucose level, knowing how the blood sugar is indicated, to facilitate the course of the disease is possible.

In type I diabetes the cells responsible for insulin production, completely destroyed. Patients constantly need to enter into the body insulin. In the second type occurs insulin resistance. This is when the body doesn't know how to use insulin.

At infrequent jumps of blood sugar correct diet, physical exercise allow you to control glucose and live a normal life.

in the biochemical analysis of blood sugar is indicated

Low level

In some cases, there may be a decrease in ur...

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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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