Everyone gets sick in childhood. Some rarely, others almost constantly. For most mothers, wheezing in children, redness of the throat or fever is a real disaster. Undoubtedly, none of these signs portends anything good, but still parents should not panic and call a doctor or emergency care for the usual symptoms of a cold.
This term, as a rule, refers to extraneous noises heard during breathing. It can be more difficult to determine them in children than in adults. Firstly, the sounds produced by the respiratory organs at different ages are different (which is considered normal). For example, children from one year to seven often have symptoms characteristic of acute respiratory viral infections in adults. It's about hard breathing. With age, they pass by themselves. Secondly, it can be difficult to listen to the wheezing of a child without a temperature, because the baby feels good and does not want to sit quietly for a whole minute and breathe at the command of parents or doctors.
Wheezing in children, as in adults, is divided primarily by their localization. They can be pulmonary, bronchial or tracheal. It is not uncommon for extraneous sounds when breathing to come from the nasopharynx or throat. This happens after long screams (they say that the child is hoarse). Either the symptom is a clear sign of an allergic reaction or an incipient acute respiratory viral infection.
Wheezing in a child without a temperature, regardless of the source, does not require emergency medical care (provided that he is able to breathe independently and there are no signs of asphyxia). However, it does not hurt to show it to the attending pediatrician, especially in cases when neither the cause of noisy breathing nor its source is clear.
In addition to localization, wheezing can be dry and wet, constant and periodic, whistling and crepitating. Sometimes they are heard when inhaling (then they are called inspiratory), and sometimes – when exhaling (expiratory).
Medical workers do this with the help of a special device – a phonendoscope. It allows you to locally amplify sounds. Often, pulmonary or bronchial wheezing is clearly audible if you just lean your ear against your back or chest. There are also such diseases in which it is impossible not to notice the gurgling in the chest even at some distance from the patient.
If the source of the sound is the throat or nasopharynx, the noise is usually accompanied by pain, distortion of the voice and difficulty breathing.
In early childhood (especially before one year), it can be very difficult to diagnose and treat diseases. The baby can't tell what exactly is bothering him. At the same time, wheezing in an infant can be the result of both a prolonged cry and a complex (and sometimes even dangerous) disease.
It is not always easy for a mother to understand whether her child is suffocating or has simply been crying for too long. Doctors advise you to pay attention to other symptoms. If the baby, once in his arms, immediately calmed down, looks healthy and behaves normally (despite wheezing), you don't have to worry. In the event that a bluish tinge appears on the skin, and breathing is clearly difficult, you need to sound the alarm. This may turn out to be a symptom of a cold or infection, or a more serious disease. Similar signs also sometimes indicate the ingress of foreign objects into the respiratory organs. It is important that in all these cases, urgent specialist help is required.
Wheezing when breathing in a child is not in itself a reason for panic. But in combination with some other symptoms, they require immediate medical attention. An ambulance should be called if severe wheezing in a child is accompanied by a high temperature (from 38 and more), repeated vomiting, noticeable difficulty breathing (there is a threat of asphyxia) or under the age of one year (if they have not passed within 5 minutes to exclude a "false alarm" caused by prolonged screaming).
In all other cases, there is no need for urgent intervention by a specialist. If a child has a cough with wheezing, fever (within acceptable limits) and other signs of respiratory infection, it is enough to call a local doctor.
Self-medication is permissible when all the symptoms have already been observed before, a specialist has been diagnosed and treatment has been prescribed. A visit to the polyclinic will still have to be planned if the cough does not go away in a week, despite all the measures taken. A doctor should be invited to the house, even if the baby's temperature is not very high, but it could not be normalized in 7 days.
The most correct answer to this question is what the specialist will appoint. However, knowing modern mothers (as, indeed, grandmothers), it is worth assuming that no one will listen to him particularly, and their own knowledge will be used.
If wheezing when breathing in a child has arisen as a result of a common viral infection, then they can be treated with medications (expectorants and anti-inflammatory drugs), folk (honey with milk, herbs, rubbing) and other methods (warming up, inhalation). In some cases, it is necessary to use more serious drugs – antiviral and antibiotics. They should be prescribed by a doctor in accordance with the diagnosis and condition of the child.
If a child has a cough with wheezing, and even dry, folk remedies are most likely not enough here. After showing the baby to a specialist and making sure that this is the result of a common cold, you can start taking expectorant medicine or syrup. The latter option is good because most of these drugs have a pleasant sweet taste, so that the child will drink the medicine without being harmful. Although potions are more effective (especially the one that is sold in powder form and requires dilution with boiled water). But children sometimes refuse delicious medicines, so they certainly won't drink unpleasant, and even more bitter ones.
Expectorant drugs in tablets or powders are quite suitable for older children. Or a medicine for adults (it is important not to make a mistake with the dosage). If the doctor has prescribed additional anti-inflammatory drugs, you should not refuse them either.
If, as a result of a complication of a viral infection or hypothermia, wheezing occurs in a child, treatment may not be medicamental (provided the temperature is normal). We are talking primarily about decoctions of medicinal herbs. When coughing, mother-and-stepmother, thyme, licorice, elecampane helps well. You can remove inflammation with ordinary chamomile. There are also special herbal preparations that are sold in any pharmacy.
In addition, inhalations on pine buds or potato peelings help with coughing and wheezing. But they are contraindicated at elevated body temperature. Pine buds brewed with milk (a tablespoon per liter of liquid) are consumed orally by 50 ml every 2 hours. An undisturbed dry cough can go away literally in a day.
In the absence of allergies to honey, eggnog is effective. Children enjoy eating it, perceiving it as a treat. A tablespoon of honey is mixed with softened butter and ground with the yolks of 2 white eggs. A mixture of 20 grams is enough, it is consumed half an hour before meals. A contraindication may be an allergy to eggs or honey. Wheezing in children will also be perfectly cured by radish. In it, using a knife, a recess is made, which is filled with honey. After a couple of hours, a sweet syrup is formed in this place, which the children drink with pleasure. The procedure can be repeated throughout the day, after which a new radish is taken.
When a child has wheezing in the chest, and breathing is difficult, ways to relieve it can be not only medicinal. Compresses are used mainly at night, provided that the body temperature is close to normal. This method of treatment is good for both infants and older children.
The simplest and most pleasant compress is potato. To do this, the vegetable is cleaned and boiled. Then they are crushed (without adding any salt or fat) and placed in a plastic bag, which is tightly tied. Then it needs to be wrapped with several layers of fabric (a towel will do) so that it is warm, but not hot. The bundle is placed on the baby's chest and held for about an hour. From time to time, you need to remove 1 layer of fabric, adjusting the temperature as the potatoes cool down.
Kids sometimes make mustard-honey cake, which also has a good warming effect. Vegetable oil and vodka are taken in equal parts. Add the same amount of honey and mustard powder, as well as flour to make a dense but soft dough. A cake is formed from it and placed on the chest or back (you can make 2). Having secured it with a bandage, you can leave it until the morning. If you are allergic to honey, this remedy is contraindicated.
They can be vapor and aerosol. The first allow you to treat inflammatory processes of the upper respiratory tract with the help of hot herbal decoctions or special solutions. They are used both for mild forms (laryngitis, ARVI, tracheitis) and for more severe diseases, for example, bronchitis. Aerosols are prescribed by a pediatrician, diagnosing complex forms. This applies to bronchitis and bronchial asthma. An inhaler of any kind can be purchased at a pharmacy. It is usually used in combination with other types of therapy. The essence of this device is to turn the drug into steam (by raising the temperature or under pressure) and deliver it directly to the respiratory tract.
If a child breathes with a wheeze, he has a dry cough and sputum does not go away, therapeutic gymnastics is often used to relieve the condition. The main expectorant exercises are performed upside down. For example, a child can be taken by the legs and led around the room in his arms. Then they perform a "birch tree". If there is a horizontal bar in the apartment, you should hang upside down on it (but not for very long). It will also be effective to tap a little on the chest and back of the child. As a rule, if he does not have a temperature and general well-being is within the normal range, the baby will like such a charge.
When it comes to a baby, they take it by the legs and shake it slightly upside down. Then they tap on the chest and back. It will be useful to spread the baby's arms to the sides, then cross them on the chest. No less effective is chest and back massage (in the area of the shoulder blades). Kids do it with their hands, stroking and tapping. Older children are given a vacuum massage using a jar. The procedure is very unpleasant and even painful, but very effective. It helps even with bronchitis and pneumonia.
Often wheezing in children, cough, runny nose and swelling of the nasopharynx are the result of contact with external stimuli. Plant pollen, animal hair, clothing, toys, food and medicines can act as an allergen. Often with age, allergies go away on their own. Sometimes it stays for life. It is difficult to treat allergies, and since its manifestations are often accompanied by fever, swelling of the respiratory system and the risk of asphyxia, the first priority is to combat the symptoms.
If a child has a similar reaction to any stimuli, then contact with them should be minimized (ideally, excluded). There should be appropriate medications in the first aid kit - we are talking about decongestant and anti-allergic tablets, nose drops, etc. It is better to use them on the advice of a specialist, since self-medication in this case is the most dangerous.
Of course, all parents dream about the health of their own children. But very few carry out specific actions aimed at maintaining it. It is primarily about proper nutrition, regular physical activity, active recreation, walks in nature and hardening. Children do not need to be wrapped up and stuffed with antibiotics at the first symptoms of a cold. After all, immunity is developed at this age. If it is constantly suppressed by excessive care and chemicals, then as a result, a sickly child will turn out to be an adult with a bouquet of chronic diseases.
Wheezing in children can be a sign of a variety of ailments, ranging from a common respiratory infection to complex bronchitis, pneumonia and even asthma. Therefore, if they do not pass and are accompanied by fever and other symptoms, you should consult a doctor.
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