The cross of St. George. The story of one of the awards

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2018-04-05 22:45:13

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The cross of St. George – the legendary award, established by Emperor Alexander I in 1807. It was called then differently - the Mark of distinction of the Military order. And only in 1913 was fixed another name – cross of St. George. The order in the times of the Russian Empire, awarded to lower ranks for acts of bravery, which, as is known, held great power. Significance of the control unit to say no – the wisdom of the rulers is always the pledge of stability and prosperity of the state. However, without the support of loyal servants any most sophisticated political structure collapses like a house of cards.

George crossA Soldier's George cross was first awarded to Egor Mitrokhin, an officer in the cavalry guards regiment. In the fighting the Prussian city Friedland in 1809, a gentleman of distinguished courage when you execute the order. Soldiers ' medals in those days there were a great many. However, George's order was an award, which is given for certain heroic deeds, the list of which was regulated by a special document-Status - and only officer. However, in history, and exceptions – a cross was sometimes awarded to the Decembrists and generals.

The badge of the order giving its holder the privileges – getting rid of physical NakaSt. George awardPunishment and surplus salary. Increased salary remained for life, and after death the Chevalier had received of the widow, however, throughout the year. On the crosses were stamped numbering, which allows to keep records of the knights of St. George.

In 1856, was approved degree awards, the presentation of which was made in 4 stages. George cross 1-St and 2-nd degree were made of pure gold, 3rd and 4th - were cast from silver. The awarding was conducted with a lower level. The order of the 1st degree and 3rd, was worn on a ribbon, decorated with a bow. During the First world "of georgievtsy” there were about one million.

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In Soviet times, the reward was not legalized by the government. However, nobody hindered to servicemen of the First world to wear the order illegal. During the sign the orderThe second world war the majority of older people were mobilized, but by “the georgievtsy" always and everywhere treated with respect. In 1944 Professor Anoshenko a letter was sent to Stalin with a request for the legalization of the oldest awards. SNK even made the draft resolution on the question, which, however, was not realized. Alternative award in those days was the Order of Glory.

In 1992 the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation George cross got its “resurrection”. Until 2008, the order was awarded for deeds committed in battle with an external enemy. However, the peacekeeping operation in Georgia has forced the government to reconsider the position. Since 2008, the George cross was awarded for deeds committed in the territories of other States, in case hostilities aimed at restoring international peace and maintaining security.

Information about all the awardees are stored in rgvia, but some of the files in the archive did not get due to the events of 1917.


Article in other languages:

BE: https://tostpost.com/be/nav-ny-gramadstva/17243-georg-e-sk-kryzh-g-storyya-adnoy-znagarody.html

DE: https://tostpost.com/de/news-und-gesellschaft/17249-george-cross-die-geschichte-einer-auszeichnung.html

ES: https://tostpost.com/es/noticias-y-sociedad/17259-la-cruz-de-george-la-historia-de-uno-de-los-premios.html

KK: https://tostpost.com/kk/zha-aly-tar-o-am/17239-georgievskiy-krest-tarihy-b-r-marapattary.html

PL: https://tostpost.com/pl/aktualno-ci-i-spo-ecze-stwo/17217-george-krzy-historia-jednej-nagrody.html

PT: https://tostpost.com/pt/not-cias-e-sociedade/17216-george-cross-a-hist-ria-de-uma-pr-mios.html

TR: https://tostpost.com/tr/haber-ve-toplum/17250-george-ha-hikaye-bir-d-l.html

UK: https://tostpost.com/uk/novini-ta-susp-l-stvo/17231-georg-vs-kiy-hrest-stor-ya-odn-nagorodi.html






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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