Historical types of philosophy

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2019-10-01 00:20:20

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As you know, largely due to the historical development of society leads to the picture of the world. Often this may explain the differences in worldview thinkers. In this article we consider the main historical types of philosophy.

Cosmocentrism began to take shape in Antiquity. The core of the film world this doctrine lies the cosmos, which implies the natural order and harmony. In this type of philosophy can be divided into two main areas. Ancient thinkers saw the cause of harmony in nature, in its processes (water, atoms, earth, air and so on). This direction is called materialistic. The reason harmony is also seen in spiritual processes (a reasonable start, the Eidos, the idea). This direction is called idealistic.

Consider the historical types of philosophy, formed in the middle Ages. Theocentrism – this trend, which is based on the idea of God. This philosophical current was used for the consecration of the existing order in a feudal society, to quell the peasant uprisings. The hallmark of doctrine is the worship of the Holy texts, the priority of faith to knowledge, dogmas. It is worth noting that the historical types of philosophy were formed on the basis of time requirements.

Anthropocentrism – the doctrine that put in your center person. This philosophical movement originated in the Renaissance in response to the formation of capitalism. It is the goal of human liberation from centuries of suppression by the Church's dogmas. It extols the beauty and oneness of body and soul.

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Consider the types of philosophy that originated in the initial period of the New time. Synoecism – the doctrine that its basis of knowledge and ways of its getting. The existing social order needed a new stimulus for development. They were in various science and technology. As a result, was born the doctrine, the main principle of which is that the knowledge – is power.

Atalianis – it is a philosophical trend that puts at its center the state in the unity of law and policy. It was formed in order to permanently fix the capitalist system. The main principle is that everything in the world is seen through the prism of the state.

There are other types of philosophy, born in the era of New time. Logiciels – is the study of the mind and the ways of its development, in particular, about the logic. Philosophical movement arose with the goal of forming a new picture of the world.

Sociocentrism – this doctrine, which is based on society, understood as the product of human interaction. The basic principle is the fact that man does not exist without society, which, in turn, is the result of activities of individuals. World, according to this direction, is viewed through the prism of social relations.

Cosmism – the doctrine that places at the centre of his picture of the world as a human being, the planetary. The individual, according to this philosophical orientation, able to think globally, aware of its high significance in the community, has bogochelovechestve.

Humanism – the doctrine that places in its center the person of a lonely, opposed to the society. This is a philosophical direction offers relief from the isolation of individuals and their loneliness through compassion. Formed as a result of this teaching the material and spiritual self-sufficiency that gave rise to alienation among people.

So, we reviewed the main historical types of philosophy. As you can see, they were formed under the direct influence of the requirements of new time. Changed and transformed people's lives, and, as a consequence, there were new teachings, adequate specific historical moment.

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