Vegetative reproduction of plants in nature and crop production

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2019-10-13 13:20:24

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The Process of vegetative reproduction of plants is based on their high ability to regenerate, that is, to restore from one part of the whole organism. The child plants inherit all the characteristics of the parent, including valuable varietal quality.

Vegetative reproduction of plants is carried out using different bodies as specialized (tubers, bulbs, rhizomes), and specialized (leaves, stems).

In the wild vegetative reproduction of plants is widespread. Some species actually rarely propagated by seeds. These include bulbs, lilies and many others. Strong underground rhizomes of couch grass make this weed practically invulnerable. No weeding does not allow to completely get rid of it, and the thing in numerous the kidneys resume, which is literally studded with rhizomes. Of these buds, the plant may recover even if the soil still contains a piece of length a few centimeters.

Wild strawberry reproduces by stolons (runners) which are a type of aerial shoots. Whiskers are rooted at the nodes and adventitious buds develop young plants, which soon begin an independent life. Some trees can also reproduce vegetatively. Often the broken branches of willows and poplars, getting in a moist environment, rooted to form complete plants. Are not uncommon cases when the willow twigs stuck in the ground as a fence, has taken root and become trees. And the reason for all – vegetative reproduction of plants which is sometimes manifested in the most amazing ways. Popular in indoor horticulture jade, which is popularly called the money tree, easily propagated by leaves. Under favorable conditions, on the petiole, the roots are formed, followed by forming a new plant. And do not even need to create special conditions – often the leaves fall to the ground and rooted themselves.

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Vegetative propagation of plants has been widely used in crop production practices. This is an opportunity to get more crops in a shorter period compared with the seed. As a popular example would be the multiplication of potato tubers or strawberry mustache (stolons). And in the case that you need to multiply the instance of the young, flowering and fruiting which will not come soon, the vegetative method is simply irreplaceable. It is used to receive a huge amount of plants – herbaceous perennials and annuals, deciduous trees and shrubs, and even conifers.

Artificial vegetative reproduction of plants is especially important in those cases when it is necessary to maintain varietal characteristics of complex hybrids. There are a variety of techniques such reproduction: cuttings, dividing the Bush, rooting of cuttings, grafting, use of tubers, bulbs, rhizomes, a subsidiary of rosettes, leaf cuttings.

In the indoor horticulture most often for plants use vegetative reproduction, examples of which can be seen on an ordinary home window sills. Living in the city in apartments jade, Saintpaulia, dieffenbachia, pelargonium, ferns, begonias, ficus and many other plants, as a rule, it is obtained vegetatively. And not surprisingly, it is much easier to put the stalk in water or planted in soil pre-treated with the stimulant, than to mess with the seeds germination which is often questionable.

Vegetative reproduction – it is a valuable invention of nature, which is widely used in modern plant and has several advantages over seed.

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