Licensing of waste

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2018-03-18 03:10:49

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Not suitable for further use in technological processes of waste residues that can bring damage to the environment, habitat, life or health of people, called threat. In their structure can include explosive, toxic, flammable components, pathogens of various infections and other dangerous elements.

Waste management is enshrined in Russia by applicable law. So, in 1998, the year has been approved by the Federal law. He was introduced into the Russian legal practice the concept of "licensing of waste". Later, in 2002-m to year, was passed another law, establishing the necessity of obtaining a permit to conduct certain activities. Thus, the licensing of waste since that time subordinate to him.

In accordance with the Order of 511, in 2001-m to year, was introduced a certain classification. On the basis of physico-chemical properties were determined by the degree of hazard of waste and the conditions of their storage and accommodation. Thus was formed five classes:

  1. Extremely dangerous. Their effect is destructive to the surrounding system. The ecosystem is unable to recover even after a long time.
  2. Threat. These wastes are detrimental to the ecosystem, but it can recover after thirty years.
  3. Celebopedia. Destroyed under their influence, the ecosystem can recover within ten years.
  4. Iskopaemye waste. After their exposure to the ecosystem can be restored for three years.
  5. Non-Hazardous. This class has no destructive impact on the ecosystem.

Today the licensing of waste is necessary for the first four classes. For companies with a business and performing any actions associated with the specified categories, should be in accordance with the law to undergo the procedure for confirmation that the organization has the necessary conditions, including requirements to ensure staff safety when interacting with hazardous substances.

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The legislation defines the concept of "waste". It refers to a procedure for temporary (not more than six months) storage of the above substances. In this case, the licensing of waste is not required. It is not required for fifth grade substances. In this case, "waste" is understood recyclables, plastic, paper. These substances do not bring much harm to the environment. But opposed by environmentalists. In this case, they point to the harm from the combustion of such waste. For example, the burning of plastic in the atmosphere produces dioxin. This substance is a carcinogen, it has a high degree of damage.

License for garbage removal is relevant today for the enterprises of any organizational-legal form, including for manufacturers of various goods. Harmful substances becomes every year more and more, they become more diverse. This, in turn, requires the use of different methods for their processing.

The Process of licensing waste includes certain conditions. They apply to the training of employees of either the owner (when applying permissions directly on it).

A Mandatory requirement for licensing of waste is the presence of staff who were specially trained in the handling of hazardous substances. The appropriate authority is provided program, whereby trained employees, a document certifying professional qualifications and the right to exercise the corresponding activities. These documents attached to the license for implementation of educational activities of the institution that issued the certificate to the experts.


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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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