Hindrance to legal entrepreneurial and other activities under section 169 of the criminal code

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2018-04-01 04:51:11

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Entrepreneurial activities - to date, one of the most common classes of citizens. In addition to the permissions of the law, there are limits and, of course, the protection of the rights of this sector. The provisions of article 169 of the criminal code just record the provisions about criminal liability. It is provided for obstructing this kind of activity and involves the use of severe sanctions.

article 169 of the criminal code

General concepts article 169 of the criminal code

The Law having the highest legal force, a matter of freedom of economic activities, consequently, failure to observe this rule – violation of the Constitution. In such cases, and was adopted article 169 of the criminal code as to ensure that no illegal restriction of entrepreneurial activities is not allowed. However, to accurately understand the full meaning of this provision, it is necessary to understand what is entrepreneurship?

SP – is an acronym, which is found quite often. As you know, it's a physical entity of the reporting activity. However, it is not limited only to individual citizens and may be employed and of legal entities, i.e. organizations. Now, in business activities – actions aimed at making a profit from the production and sale of goods and rendering of services.

169 of the criminal code review

According to this definition, any implementation activities to increase their income allowed if you meet all the requirements of the law. However, if the violation is on the part of the entrepreneur as a subject, then it will be a completely different article of the criminal code.

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Manifestation of the crime

As you know, the crime – the only and necessary basis for criminal liability. There are four elements that form the set of mandatory and optional features of the act. The first group is called objective. Initially, in determining the composition always pay attention to how the act is manifested in the external environment, and then take time for other elements.

So the objective side of a crime under article 169 of the criminal code is the abuse of authority by an official. This fact makes this specific composition, as a simple citizen can not be prosecuted under this regulation. Abuse – actions that do not allow the person to carry out this type of activity are illegal, resulting from the special situation of the entity.

article 169 of the criminal code

What is the manifestation of a similar phenomenon? It may be a different kind of restriction on the legitimate rights and interests, the deprivation of the entrepreneur needs independence or even prevent the person to lawful activities for profit. Similar manipulations can be performed exclusively by the special subject, that is official.

Facility

Relations in the sphere of entrepreneurial activities attract the attention of several branches of law, such as civil or administrative, even have their own sub-sector. However, the criminal law claims the safety and protection of this activity. He captures the separate chapters, affecting not just economic relations, specifically business.

On the basis of article 169 of the criminal code we can conclude that the object of the crime are just those of communication and interaction, which are formed in this area. In General, the law says that an object is activity and public relations on her behalf. It also can be an object or even a victim, depending on how, when and to what extent the damage was caused.

Perpetrator

Article 169 of the criminal code can be safely attributed to the category specific only because of the subject acts. As you know, he always shared. Sanity, age - basic requirements. In addition, it is important to understand that a legal person cannot be convicted unless the Director or chief accountant. So, with regard to the current rules of the regulations on the subject are not too far from the truth.

169 of the criminal code

A Person guilty of a crime, in this case always official, who, of course, fits the General requirements of the law. That is, we can safely say, a special entity that distributes article 169 of the criminal code for a specific, exceptional range. Such norms in the law are not many, but they are very effective in practice.

Wines and its forms

Obstructing entrepreneurial activities, as noted above, fixed in article 169 of the criminal code. The commentary pays attention to this element subjective side of the act however says for ease of application of the rule, what is the fault in this crime and what are its possible forms of criminal responsibility.

So, the attitude of the person committing the dangerous act, manifested from the point of view of his mental perception. In the case under consideration article wine has two forms: direct or indirect intent. Although the second option is possible only in the case where there are aggravatingcircumstances. But the main thing to remember is that the act in question, the subject always realizes consciously and wishes of adverse consequences.

Article 169 of the criminal code. Aggravating circumstances and responsibilities

Aggravating circumstances is very clearly reflected in the criminal law. The value of these norms is very large. They are given a separate article of the General part, and depend on them in the end of the sentence. 169 of the criminal code also has its qualifying features, which, though a little, but their significance is not reduced. So, the first variant of the aggravating circumstances – major damage, determined by the amount of half a million rubles. This is evidenced by the note to this article.

sentence 169 of the criminal code

The Second aggravating circumstance is due to a violation of the judicial act. That is, if the decision was made by the presiding judge; it entered into force and execution is required, and this is not happening or its provisions are violated, the offence will not be simple, it can be defined as qualifying.

Also, article 169, of course, includes sanctions that range from fines to imprisonment. In fact, the most severe punishment is imprisonment for three years, however, widespread, perhaps, is considered to be the deprivation of the right to engage in certain activities and penalties. So, at least, claims litigation, which reflects the application of these rules.






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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