Desdemona and Salome, Shamahanskaya Queen and Yaroslavna, Aida and CIO-CIO-San, and many other Opera roles written for female singers-soprano. This is the highest female singing voice whose range is two — three octaves. However, it is so different! Try to understand, what is this high female voice and its features.
The Main types of female voices are:
The Main difference between them is the range of sound, timbre coloration, which includes properties such as saturation, lightness and power of voice, individual to each artist.
So, soprano is a high voice with a sound range of at least two octaves, from To the first to the third FA.
In the tradition of the Russian school of music is accepted to distinguish the following three main types of soprano voices:
In addition, there are two intermediate species soprano — is a lyric coloratura and lyric-dramatic. Let us understand what is the difference between all these types.
This is the name for the highest female voice-a coloratura soprano. Its name he received because of the ability to easily execute coloratura – special vocal embellishments. A sample execution of coloratura is romance Alyabiev “Nightingale”, where they played the main theme of the work. Thanks coloratura soprano on the stage, such was willful and playful images as Zerlina in mozartova "don Juan" or Ludmila of Glinka «Ruslan and Lyudmila”. Extraordinary possibilities of the voice are often used when creating a fabulous and fantastic characters like the Swan Princess, snow white and Shamahanskaya Queen in the operas of N. Rimsky-Korsakov or Dolls from "Tales of Hoffman" Jacques Offenbach. The disadvantage of this soprano voice is the fact that the vocalist can't sing harmonies. The most prominent owners of such vocals are Diane Damrau, Christina Deytek, Cecilia Bartoli, Svetlana Fedulova, Olga Pudova.
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A Very rare voice, highly valued in the music world as the singer can sing almost any repertoire – from coloratura to mezzo-soprano. The voice is strong, “huge” the volume and richness of overtones that allows him to easily break through the choir and orchestra. Ignorant people can easily be confused with a mezzo-soprano. The downside of this beautiful and rich voice is the fact that lyrical images and works by no means all performers (because of the tragic coloring of the voice). To hear a dramatic soprano in such Opera parties:
That voice had amazing Maria Callas, as well as such well-known Opera prima, Anita, Cerquetti, Astrid Varnay, Jesse Norman, Gena Dimitrova. Today, a dramatic soprano can be heard in the performance of Galina Gorchakova, Maria Guleghina, Anna Savarenskii, Irina Gordey, Eva Marton, leontyne Price, eve Genser.
This voice with a soft sound, more compact and mobile than a dramatic soprano. Use a lyric soprano in Opera, where you need to show warmth, affection and tenderness, for example, Natasha Rostova from Prokofiev's "War and peace” or Tatyana Larina from “Eugene Onegin” by Tchaikovsky. This gentle timbre have Kiri Te Kanawa, Tarja Turunen, Renee Fleming, Danielle Denise, Amanda Roocroft, Cullen Esperan.
Lyric-coloratura soprano – the voice of the working range To the first to the FA of the third octave, which is characterized by a transparency of tone. Unlike coloratura is soprano has a more dense sound that can be heard in the party Princess Volkhov from "Sadko" Rimsky-Korsakov or of Antonina "Ivan Susanin" Glinka. The performers with the same voice gives the role a cheerful and playful young heroines as drama “paint” they are practically inaccessible and they Express grief, pain, suffering, or cruelty of the lyric means. Lyric-coloratura soprano Antonina Nezhdanova was famous, Diana Petrynenko, Elizaveta Shumskaya, Galina oleinichenko, Lyudmila Zlatova. Today Montserrat Caballe, Dilber Yunus, Elena Terenteva, A. Solenkova performing the roles for this voice.
Lyric-dramatic soprano, in accordance with the personal data of the contractor, can be both dramatic and lyrical. The images embodied on stage by singers with such voices, as a rule, filled with passion and deep feelings. As a rule, young women or girls, the breadth of which can show the powerful voice of the vocalist, as the godfather of the “Witches” Tchaikovsky or Tamara from rubinsteins“Demon”. Rarely, lyric-dramatic soprano is used to create images of elderly women or the typical comic roles. This type of vote Ryan of Kabaivanska, Galina Gorchakova, Teresa Stratas, Lydia Abramova and others.
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