In today's market relations between producers and consumers have reached a new level. The great abundance of different products makes the buyer to think and carefully weigh in order to choose a quality product. In such cases, confirmation of the independent third party product conformity to stated requirements. Ensures that mandatory and voluntary certification.
This is the procedure of proof of conformity of production conditions and the norms established by the law. Such a test has the right to conduct only an independent organization accredited by the state ministries and agencies.
The Main objectives of certification:
The result of the certification shall be in writing in the form of a document called the certificate of compliance.
According to the legislation, there are voluntary and mandatory certification. A mandatory test is to search for evidence of conformity of the goods with regulatory requirements. This type of check is one way the state control of safety and quality of products. If the product passes the test, it shall be subject to the special marking of conformity. It is applied to packing, packaging and accompanying product documentation. The legislation establishes the nomenclature of products subject to obligatory examination.
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Voluntary certification is carried out only at the request of natural or legal persons on a contractual basis between the applicant and the authorized organization. The object of this certification is a material and immaterial products that are not subject to compulsory examination.
Voluntary certification of products is carried out to confirm the compliance of goods with standards, regulatory requirements, technical specifications, formulation, defined by the applicant. Under the law, the applicant in this case may be a manufacturer, retailer, supplier, and even consumer goods.
Basically, the companies settled on voluntary certification to promote a new product to the market, increase its competitiveness, as consumers prefer certified products. That is, a voluntary certification – it is a way of positioning products in the market saturated with similar goods of a different quality.
All of the existing system of voluntary examination is divided into the following main groups:
Also, the certification system are classified according to the number of registered objects. So, they are divided into:
Voluntary certification is carried out after studying the necessary documents. So, for verification, the applicant must present the following paper:
If necessary, the certification body may request additional documents. For example, was THAT. In some cases, the list of documents may vary.
Under the certification scheme implies a certain order of actions needed to assess compliance. The examination is always accompanied by costs. Therefore, the main criterion for the choice of certification scheme – the maximum provision of evidence of compliance with minimum expenses.
In Russia there are about 16 schemes. At the time of filing the application the applicant proposes a scheme which, in its sole discretion, the most suitable for the inspection. But the final choice does the certification body.
Voluntary certification is carried out in a specific pattern, which consists of the following steps:
The System of voluntary certification are virtually identical required because the inspection is required to prepare the same package of documents. All standards and technical conditions on the basis of which an inspection is carried out, constitute one base. The only difference between voluntary and mandatory certification, the appearance of the certificate. So, for the required document type use a yellow sheet of paper, and a voluntary certificate examination – blue.
According to the law, in the certificate must include the name of the product or service and the name of the recipient. Also must specify a GOST or TU, according to which audited products.
Another important difference is the certification marking. Thus, the voluntary certification mark is a special inscription “Voluntary certification”. The same mark of the company-the customer can use on product packaging. A voluntary certification mark on the product always cause the buyer confidence that the result has a positive effect on sales.
The Certificate has a limited validity period. The certification body decides on the validity of the document, given the state of production and the results of laboratory tests. It may not exceed three years or the period of validity of sanitary-epidemiological conclusions.
The certificate of the consignment extends to the implementation period but not more than one year.
Thus, voluntary certification certifies the compliance of products with the quality parameters laid down by the Supreme state authorities, and is an integral part of modern production....
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
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