Voluntary certification. System of voluntary certification

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2018-03-17 20:16:12

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In today's market relations between producers and consumers have reached a new level. The great abundance of different products makes the buyer to think and carefully weigh in order to choose a quality product. In such cases, confirmation of the independent third party product conformity to stated requirements. Ensures that mandatory and voluntary certification.

voluntary certification

What is certification?

This is the procedure of proof of conformity of production conditions and the norms established by the law. Such a test has the right to conduct only an independent organization accredited by the state ministries and agencies.

The Main objectives of certification:

  • Confirmation of the level of product quality indicators declared by the seller or the manufacturer;
  • Consumer protection from unfair manufacturer;
  • Security control of goods for health and life of the buyer, and the environment;
  • Improving the competitiveness of the goods;
  • The promotion of exports and trade in the international market.

The result of the certification shall be in writing in the form of a document called the certificate of compliance.

Certifications

According to the legislation, there are voluntary and mandatory certification. A mandatory test is to search for evidence of conformity of the goods with regulatory requirements. This type of check is one way the state control of safety and quality of products. If the product passes the test, it shall be subject to the special marking of conformity. It is applied to packing, packaging and accompanying product documentation. The legislation establishes the nomenclature of products subject to obligatory examination.

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voluntary and compulsory certification

Voluntary certification is carried out only at the request of natural or legal persons on a contractual basis between the applicant and the authorized organization. The object of this certification is a material and immaterial products that are not subject to compulsory examination.

Voluntary certification of products is carried out to confirm the compliance of goods with standards, regulatory requirements, technical specifications, formulation, defined by the applicant. Under the law, the applicant in this case may be a manufacturer, retailer, supplier, and even consumer goods.

Basically, the companies settled on voluntary certification to promote a new product to the market, increase its competitiveness, as consumers prefer certified products. That is, a voluntary certification – it is a way of positioning products in the market saturated with similar goods of a different quality.

Voluntary certification Systems

sign of voluntary certification

All of the existing system of voluntary examination is divided into the following main groups:

  1. Test products.
  2. Analysis.
  3. Quality Research services.
  4. Check of system of quality of production.
  5. Personnel Certification.

Also, the certification system are classified according to the number of registered objects. So, they are divided into:

  • One-target system – in the framework of the certified objects of the same type (this group includes the majority of registered products);
  • Preobjective system – they are certified by two or more objects.

Documents for voluntary certification

Voluntary certification is carried out after studying the necessary documents. So, for verification, the applicant must present the following paper:

  1. A Certificate of right of ownership of the premises or the lease.
  2. Passports for products which must be indicated its specifications.
  3. The output Directory.
  4. Resolution of SES in production.
  5. List and rating used in the production of equipment plans of the premises.
  6. Technical regulations of goods subject to certification.
  7. Test Results.

voluntary certification certifies the conformity

If necessary, the certification body may request additional documents. For example, was THAT. In some cases, the list of documents may vary.

Certification

Under the certification scheme implies a certain order of actions needed to assess compliance. The examination is always accompanied by costs. Therefore, the main criterion for the choice of certification scheme – the maximum provision of evidence of compliance with minimum expenses.

In Russia there are about 16 schemes. At the time of filing the application the applicant proposes a scheme which, in its sole discretion, the most suitable for the inspection. But the final choice does the certification body.

The Procedure of voluntary expertise

Voluntary certification is carried out in a specific pattern, which consists of the following steps:

  1. Submission of an application to certification organization. The applicant has the right to be an entrepreneur, a domestic or foreign company, etc.
  2. Review on the submitted documents and the initial inspection of the products.
  3. The Adoption of decisions, conclusion of the contract and the choice of the certification scheme.voluntary certification is
  4. Preparation of homogeneous product groups for choice of the typical representative. The grouping of products is in accordance with the laws of the systematization of products and commodity nomenclature.
  5. Choice of test laboratory, accredited by the state authorities.
  6. Identification of each type of product presented a homogeneous group.
  7. Drawing up of the report and collects samples that the act is written, signed by the certification body and the applicant.
  8. Conducting research. In the laboratory carried out testing of product samples using the methods stipulated in regulations. Even if one indicator does not meet the requirements, the sample is considered not withstood examination. The results of the research are the Protocol that the laboratory sends to the certification authority.
  9. Results Analysis of certified products and making decision on issuance of the certificate. If the certification organization has adopted a negative decision, the applicant receives a reasoned response.
  10. In case of positive result, the organization issues a certificate and licence to use the mark of conformity.
  11. Make products in the state register.

The Issuance of the certificate and mark

system of voluntary certification

The System of voluntary certification are virtually identical required because the inspection is required to prepare the same package of documents. All standards and technical conditions on the basis of which an inspection is carried out, constitute one base. The only difference between voluntary and mandatory certification, the appearance of the certificate. So, for the required document type use a yellow sheet of paper, and a voluntary certificate examination – blue.

According to the law, in the certificate must include the name of the product or service and the name of the recipient. Also must specify a GOST or TU, according to which audited products.

Another important difference is the certification marking. Thus, the voluntary certification mark is a special inscription “Voluntary certification”. The same mark of the company-the customer can use on product packaging. A voluntary certification mark on the product always cause the buyer confidence that the result has a positive effect on sales.

voluntary certification of productsCertificate expiry

The Certificate has a limited validity period. The certification body decides on the validity of the document, given the state of production and the results of laboratory tests. It may not exceed three years or the period of validity of sanitary-epidemiological conclusions.

The certificate of the consignment extends to the implementation period but not more than one year.

Thus, voluntary certification certifies the compliance of products with the quality parameters laid down by the Supreme state authorities, and is an integral part of modern production.

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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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