Ground-granulated blast slag: production, composition, GOST


2018-03-18 01:20:19




1Like 0Dislike


Granulated blast furnace slag is a waste of metallurgical production. To be more precise, it is the raw material that remains after the smelting of iron in blast furnaces.

What is slag and how does that work?

To produce such raw materials as iron, in the blast furnace it is necessary to download a certain raw material. Such material of steel iron ore, flux stone, coke. At the outlet of the furnace is obtained only two substances is cast iron and slag. The composition of blast furnace slag include substances such as quartz, aluminum oxides (processing of iron ore), oxides of calcium and magnesium (waste from fluxing stones). Molten slag produced by the blast unit may have a temperature of 1500 degrees Celsius, and in some cases more. Of course, that requires cooling of the material. Currently, the plants use only 4 main types of processing blast furnace slag.

blast furnace slag

  • The First method involves the cooling of the raw material is ordinary cool water. Still this operation is called the swelling of slag.
  • The second method is by using the cooling substances through the air.
  • The Third way is crushing.
  • Fourth - grinding.

Major components of the material and the results of processing

It is important to note that the choice of method of processing blast furnace slag will depend on the type of substance happens in the end, and what properties it will have. Each method imparts a unique quality raw materials. Another important observation is that the main oxides included in the composition of the slag oxides of magnesium, calcium and aluminum, does not occur in nature in free form. In other words, they don't exist, and you can only get them by recycling slag and iron ore in a blast furnace. In addition to the main oxides, the composition includes manganese, iron compounds and sulfur, the quartz.


Staff evaluation: system and methods

Staff evaluation: system and methods

Personnel Assessment allows you to identify how competent the employees involved in the enterprise, and it is the performance of their work – the most significant factor affecting the efficiency of the company. To clarify the impact of performa...

How to start your own business: important aspects.

How to start your own business: important aspects.

Many people, tired of working for someone else, are increasingly thinking about how to start your own business. Someone wants to open a salon, someone store, and someone enough and vegetable stalls. Before you throw in the pool with his head, it is i...

business activities. its essence and basic functions

Business activities. its essence and basic functions

The Entrepreneurial activity of the citizen – is undertaken at your own risk and independent activity, which aims to systematically profit through the sale of works, goods, services, use of the property. The citizen engaged in such activities, ...

GOST slag blast

For example, to use the cooling of waste material in air, the result of the composition of the slag will look roughly as follows: silicates and aluminosilicate materials such as wollastonite, melilite and merwinite.

How is the granulation process?

The Process of granulation of the substance is carried out by rapid cooling of molten material. It is important to add that in some cases may be added a process of mechanical crushing or still liquid slag, or already half cured. The main purpose of this operation is to process large pieces of material into smaller grain that will be easier to recycle in the future and increase the quality of hydraulic activity. This is a very important operation, because this property is the most important because the slag can be used as a component for slag cement, and also can act as a Supplement to Portland cement.

domain granulated slag

You Need to understand that as such a special blast furnace slag does not exist. It is obtained only in the processing of ore and other substances in the blast furnace.

Methods of granulation of

You Must know that for granulation of waste production, i.e. slag, several methods and devices performing the operation. Depending on what the humidity of the slag obtained at the end, and share installation. There are settings for wet and for dry granulation.

blast furnace slag composition

If the method is wet granulation, the slag is loaded into shlakovoza buckets in the hot is supplied to concrete pools filled with water. Then out of the buckets it is discharged into these pools according to the special gutters. A small advantage of the method lies in the fact that the pools divided into several sections. This allows the cooling process almost continuously. When one section blends red-hot substance from another at the same time, you can download now cooled blast furnace slag. For the shipment of raw materials to the factories are grab cranes that serve it directly into railroad cars of the open type. After that, delivery of slag to the warehouse or directly to the consumer.

Moisture Content

It is worth noting that the moisture content of the material depends on the total weight of blast furnace slag, which is in the process of granulation. In other words, the more porous structure of the granules, the remains of moisture. The formation of pores in the solidified granular slag occurs due to exposure to gases. These volatile substances contained in the raw material is melted and starts to evaporate when the temperature decreases the slag, that is, when it is cooled. However, it is important to note that the cooling and solidification of the material occurs so rapidly that the gas does not have time to evaporate out of the slag. He stays inside in the form of small bubbles, which create a porous structure of the grains. The porosity and the moisture content of the slag depends on the conditions that are used directly in the process of cooling of the slag. That is, from the choice of method depends not only on the end result, but also the structure itself.

the weight of blast furnace slag

Dry method

Dry slag is obtained using the method of mechanical crushing and also the drop the air is pre-cooled but not yet solidified slag. Thus, the structure of the material is much more dense, which significantly increases the physical weight by about half, when compared with the weight that would be a slag, if passed through a wet granulation having the same initial quantity of the substance. If to speak about such characteristics as humidity, then the wet raw materials, this value is in the range from 15 to 35%, rarely 10%. While the dry granulation is accompanied by the humidity of the slag in the range of 5 to 10%. If you compare the volume weight, when the wet method of processing, he will be in the range from 400 to 1000 kg/m, and when dry in the range from 600 to 1300 kg/m. Here it should be added that with increasing temperature of blast-furnace production will decrease the final weight of blast furnace slag.

romeny slag production

It is Important to add that most of the plants using the wet granulation, despite the fact that the method has a number of drawbacks:

  • Great fuel consumption for drying of the material before its failure.
  • Capacity equipment for drying of the slag is low.
  • Smartiest wet slag in wagons, warehouses and other storage locations during winter.

Blast furnace slag GOST 3476-74

This standard describes the technical requirements, test methods and acceptance rules and methods of storage and transportation of slag blast-furnace production. One of the points the state of the document concerns the moisture content of raw materials. Says that humidity should correspond to that which was agreed upon by the purchaser and the supplier. In other words, we can say that the customer chooses the method of granulation of the material.


Article in other languages:












Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

From what age you can drink coffee to children?

From what age you can drink coffee to children?

Sometimes you can hear from teenagers of 11-12 years, which they love and regularly drink coffee. Do you know the young fans of mocha that each serving contains a solid dose of caffeine, sometimes reaching 95 milligrams? Permissib...

Obtaining phenol: basic methods

Obtaining phenol: basic methods

Phenol is a colorless substance crystalline structure with a very specific smell. This substance is widely used in the manufacture of various dyes, plastics, various synthetic fibers (mostly nylon). Before the development of the p...

Business plan Internet cafe.

Business plan Internet cafe.

Internet cafes is currently a very promising and profitable business. It does not require a lot of investment. You only have to make a competent business plan Internet cafe, to plan all your steps for the organization of such thin...

Food grade silicone: composition, application

Food grade silicone: composition, application

Silicone — very common nowadays, the material used for the production of products of different purposes. It can be molds for making flowers (shape, intended for the manufacture of sculptures, jewelry, etc.), fishing gear, co...

Agriculture of Italy - peculiarities and specifics

Agriculture of Italy - peculiarities and specifics

the First garden in Europe - so often referred to Italy. The country delivers to the world a large number of garden fruit, citrus, grapes and olives. Despite the wealth of land resources and favorable natural conditions agricultur...

The history of the Ignalina NPP. Creating, plans and the closure of the station

The history of the Ignalina NPP. Creating, plans and the closure of the station

Famous for the Ignalina nuclear power plant was built in Lithuania during the Soviet era. It was originally supposed to be used for 6 generating units, each of which possess an energy capacity of 1185-1380 MW. However, the project...