One of the significant advantages of hydrogen power is the presence of multiple methods of hydrogen production. This contributes to improving energy security and reducing dependence on certain types of raw materials. The production of hydrogen can be carried out:
By far the most cheap and accessible way – this steam conversion. Experts predict its use will take place at the initial stage of introduction of the hydrogen economy. However, in the future will still need a transition to renewable energy sources because a significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions is probably the main reason for the transition to hydrogen energy. As such, you can use solar energy or wind energy, which allows the electrolysis of water.
The Ability to focus the production of hydrogen in large enterprises involves lowering the costs of development, but at the same time need additional costs to transport hydrogen to a special petrol stations. As the option is considered the production of hydrogen on a small scale directly to hydrogen to AC.
Now the hydrogen is produced from many sources of raw materials. Let us consider the most popular of them.
To date, nearly half of the production of hydrogen is by steam reforming of natural gas (methane). This process represents the mixing of methane with steam at a temperature of 700 − 1000°C under high pressure in the presence of a catalyst.
Coal Gasification is the oldest method of hydrogen production. The process is as follows: the coal is heated to a temperature of 800 -1300°C in the absence of oxygen. FutureGen project has developed a new hydrogen plant based on the production of the basic element in such a way. It is supposed to soon be built in the United States.
From biomass hydrogen is extracted in two ways: biochemical and thermochemical. When the biochemical production of hydrogen is produced by various bacteria, for example, Rodobacter speriodes. Thermochemical method involves heating biomass to a temperature of 500 - 800°C (wood waste) in the absence of air. The result of this is the separation of H2, CO and CH4.
Personnel Assessment allows you to identify how competent the employees involved in the enterprise, and it is the performance of their work – the most significant factor affecting the efficiency of the company. To clarify the impact of performa...
Many people, tired of working for someone else, are increasingly thinking about how to start your own business. Someone wants to open a salon, someone store, and someone enough and vegetable stalls. Before you throw in the pool with his head, it is i...
The Entrepreneurial activity of the citizen – is undertaken at your own risk and independent activity, which aims to systematically profit through the sale of works, goods, services, use of the property. The citizen engaged in such activities, ...
Technological progress involves finding new methods of hydrogen generation, which is the production of hydrogen from waste. This method is actively implemented in life.
Chemical reaction of water with metals
American University of Purdue, invented a way of producing hydrogen from water through the use of aluminium alloy. It involves the formation of pellets of an alloy of gallium with aluminum, which are then placed in a container of water. Produces a chemical reaction, which produces hydrogen.
Electrolysis of water carried out of the hydrogen generators, converting into electricity the heat from industrial plants or from the environment and decomposing the water.
The production of hydrogen from energy sources such as wind, sun, atomic energy is still only being researched by scientists. Studies show that these methods have the prospect of wide use in the future. Their introduction is planned in the next few years. Of course at first, the cost of hydrogen produced by such methods is high, but then the rate will gradually reach the optimum level.
At the moment, hydrogen is used in the manufacture of gasoline, ammonia, and without him the production of hydrogen peroxide.
At the end of the twentieth century, Russia began a period when there was a deregulation of the economy. As a result, there has been a constant development of new organizational and legal forms of economy, a considerable lib...
To effectively manage the business, you need to consistently raise the quality of work of its employees – this is the basic principle of each of the head more or less large companies. But today the high quality of manufactur...
This scientific discipline as the merchandise, are currently actively developing, there are more specialists in this field. Let's talk about the basics of this science. Theoretical foundations of commodity science include two main...