Web programmer – this is one of the hottest it specialties. According to the forecasts of the website CareerCast, by 2024, the demand for the profession will grow by 24 %. In his work the developer of the sites receives 90 thousand rubles, while the upper threshold of salaries can reach 600 thousand. But money is not all advantages. What is specialist and what it is – to be a programmer of world wide web, read on.
Who's a web programmer? Is the person involved in the creation of the technical side of websites and applications. To make it clearer, point your browser to any page. Everything you see here created by the joint efforts of the webmaster.
The Designer created the sketch, I thought of the color scheme, favicon, the location of the footer and header. Coder translated the ideas of the designer in the language understood by the browser, and created the layout. Contentsi filled the online text, headings, relevant information, and at this stage a static version of the site ready. Why would a programmer?
To allow visitors to interact with a web resource, sign guestbooks or to subscribe to updates, the site needs to be dynamic. This is exactly what the web programmer.
Thanks to the efforts of developer content is not reflected in the static HTML pages, but generated in the process. The content depends on the HTTP request and the URL of the user. The site is in fact “knows” its visitors and communicates with them. So, the essence of the profession of a web programmer is to develop interactive Internet sites and applications.
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The work of the programmer consists of two stages. First – development of client-side or frontend, the second – backend, i.e. the server part of the application.
The Frontend includes the entire visible portion of a resource which, after the query opens in the browser window. Slideshow, drop down menu, the various forms to fill in, buttons that respond to touch. Each interactive element creates the web developer.
What should know a web programmer the client side of the application:
Back End-development is to write hidden from the user of the application located on the server. Web-programming backend is much more complicated. Includes work not only with the application itself, but also with the database and server.
To write code, the programmer uses for client-side HTML and JS, and server-side languages Python, PHP, Ruby. Also developing the backend involves the use of the following technologies:
This is a management system relational database containing all the information on the site.
Application Development & ndash; a complicated and laborious process. To control it, the programmers have determined a set of basic tools.
Text editor - one of the most important elements. Editor web programmer interacts with your code generates the elements of the future design of the site.
Text editors have their own criteria. The developer is simultaneously working with multiple files. So the editor should provide a comfortable and quick usage of the file system and the adjustment code.
Also, the editors are graphical user interface and a terminal running via the command line. First, of course, more convenient, they have hints and syntax highlighting. Among the editors with GIU most popular Coda, Text Mate and Sublime Text.
There are IDE's like Eclipse or Visual Studio. They provide quick edit, and manage code, but difficult for beginners and include many tools for developing industrial software, not web applications.
Programmers use a version control system to create control points in the code that sees the whole team. Each project participant is working on its fragment without disturbing others. The most popular are Git, SVN, Mercurial.
Browser - an assistant programmer. This files most often for web development use web browsers like FireFox, Google Chromium, and Safari on WebKit engine.
Each activity has its own positive and negative sides, and web programming is no exception. The obvious advantage of a profession is its relevance. Unemployment web programmers is not threatened. Every self-respecting firm or company has a website, you want to work with and manage.
Another plus – salary. Web programmers get respectable salaries, and sometimes earn more than the Director of the company. If the requirements, schedule, the conditions are not satisfied, the developer can always go freelance.
In Addition to the wages of young and energetic people in the profession are attracted by the opportunity of independent learning. The web programmer does not need an official diploma. All the knowledge is in the Internet. For additional education created a free platform and a variety of interactive online courses:
For the beginner web programmerswritten a lot of books that are freely available. Best publishing house for learning the basics of coding is considered to be “o'reilly”. YouTube enthusiasts lined the weight training videos of any complexity.
The Main disadvantage of the profession “programmer” that it is a sedentary job. A labor fraught with pain in wrists, back and lower back, problems with the spine, poor posture. You've probably noticed that most computer geeks wear glasses.
In the process of developing web-programmer interacts with team members, and it is not always possible to reach consensus. Sometimes there are difficulties with the customers who sometimes are far from programming and do not clearly explain their requirements. Another disadvantage – irregular working hours. When you need urgent revision and editing of the project, the programmers sit for days on the code.
The Representatives of this profession have to constantly adapt to the next trends in technology and engage in continuous self-education. A web programmer is not the kind of profession in which, having reached a certain level, we can rest on our laurels.
World Wide Web – is the most volatile and fickle sector. Every day there are new development tools, web 2.0 becomes 3.0, and the programmer must be aware of all the new products.
You want to become a web programmer, my dream is to create interactive applications and live in Silicon valley. But where is the guarantee that the profession is right for you? There is a risk that, having spent thousands of roubles and hours on training, you will ultimately be disappointed. You fit this profession if:
If these statements describe you and you are not afraid of the challenges ahead, then the profession is really for you.
So you've decided to develop web sites and applications. The first thing you need to do – want to improve my English. In this language through courses, written libraries, and all of the official documentation.
The Next step is to study HTML, CSS and JS. There are two ways to do this:
In the process of learning to write simple apps sites odnostranichnikov. Be sure to engage in practice and gradually explore Node.js to implement the scripts on the server. Having mastered the frontend, go to backend, libraries, and database.
The Web programmer is not enough to know one language. For writing full-fledged apps in addition to the JS you need other server-side languages. According to the TIOBE index of the headliners today are:
We recommend you stay in Python. Is an object-oriented language with great potential. Under it is written a lot of libraries and modules. The language is very simple and intuitive syntax that is easy to learn in a short period of time. Python is written not only web apps but desktop programs and even video games.
After Choosing the language, teach it frameworks. They significantly improve the performance of applications and facilitate the development process. For Python is Django, the most popular in the United States Laravel for PHP. If you've decided to work with JS, it will be useful Angular.js.
The First thing you need – portfolio. Collect your work, advertise in social networks and stackOverflow. Be sure to create an account on GitHub with colorful examples of your creations. Potential employers need to see what you can do. You will also compare your portfolio with others and better understand their shortcomings and what to strive for.
Join a large community of web programmers, communicate on forums and be aware of all the news, subscribe to important updates. Sign up on freelancing sites and try to take a few simple orders. Creating an impressive portfolio, go to the next level. Handle complex projects, start-UPS, promote yourself and never stop learning.
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