Western military district is a military-administrative unit of the Russian Armed Forces in the North-West of the country. It is designed to protect the Western borders of Russia. The headquarters of the Western military district is “cultural capital" of our country-St. Petersburg.
The Basic administrative unit of the Armed forces of the parish. From 1 December 2010, according to the Decree of the President of Russia was formed four such units: the Central, Eastern, Western and southern districts. The first two are the biggest on the occupied territories, and the last the smallest. Military-administrative reform consisted of several stages. So, according to the first of them, dated 1 September 2010, was created with five main units: North Caucasian, Volga-Ural, Siberian, far Eastern and Western military districts. However, this division did not last long. The first of December of the same year entered the second Annex to the presidential Decree, according to which only four administrative units.
This administrative unit was included in its borders the Republic of Altai, the Republic of Mari El, Republic of Bashkortostan, Republic of Mordovia, the Republic of Tuva, Republic of Tatarstan, the Udmurt Republic, the Chuvash Republic, the Republic of Khakassia, Altai, Perm, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Kirov, Kurgan, Kemerovo, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Penza, Samara, Orenburg, Saratov, Sverdlovsk, Tyumen, Ulyanovsk, Chelyabinsk, Tomsk region, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug - Yugra and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug.
This administrative unit was included in its borders the Republic of Sakha, the Republic of Buryatia, Transbaikal, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Primorye territories, Amur, Sakhalin, Magadan region, Jewish Autonomous oblast and Chukotka Autonomous Okrug.
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This administrative unit was included in its borders the Republic of Adygea, Republic of Ingushetia, Republic of Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkar Republic, Karachay-Cherkess Republic, Republic of Kalmykia, Chechen Republic, Republic of North Ossetia – Alania, Krasnodar and Stavropol territories, Rostov, Volgograd and Astrakhan region.
This administrative unit was included in its borders the Republic of Komi, Republic of Karelia, Arkhangelsk, Belgorod, Vladimir, Vologda, Bryansk, Voronezh, Ivanovo, Kaluga, Kostroma, Kaliningrad, Kursk, Leningrad, Moscow, Murmansk, Lipetsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Novgorod, Pskov, Ryazan, Orel, Smolensk, Tambov, Tula, Yaroslavl, Tver region, city of St. Petersburg and Moscow, and the Nenets Autonomous Okrug.
This administrative military unit formed during the reform, 2008-2010, brings together two military districts – Leningrad and Moscow. In addition, the staff of the WMD entered the Baltic and Northern fleet and the First air defense command and the air force.
Call was the first administrative unit formed during the course of this new system division. Troops of the Western military district consist of two and a half thousand military units and formations. Their total number exceeds four hundred thousand soldiers – about forty per cent of the total armed forces of Russia. The commander of the Western military district is responsible for all stationed in this territory military forces of all branches of the armed forces. With the exception of the Space and strategic Rocket forces. In addition, his operational control consists of the following formations: the Interior troops, the Border service of FSB of the MOE and other ministries and departments of the Russian Federation, which carry out tasks on the territory of the district.
The Western military district includes four of the airborne. Is: separate guards regiment special. destination located in Moscow, the two guards airborne division (Tula and Pskov) and one of the guards airborne division (Ivanovo). Also it includes part of the coast guard and marine corps: separate motorized rifle regiment (located in Kaliningrad), separate motorized rifle brigade (Gusev), guards marine brigade (Baltiysk and settlement mechnikovo), two coastal missile brigade (in Donskoye, Kaliningrad and Chernyakhovsk), artillery brigade (Kaliningrad), a separate regiment of Marines (in the village of Sputnik, Murmansk oblast). In addition, it included two teams of special purpose. The commander of the Western military district is responsible for the Baltic and Northern fleet, Aircraft of the fleet, the first air defense command and air force, and the USC EKR.
ZVO is composed ofthe sixth combined arms red banner army (infantry, artillery, anti-aircraft, engineering teams), the twentieth guards combined arms red banner army (infantry, tank, rocket, artillery and rocket-artillery brigade). The office of the Western military district also covers parts of district submission, with an operational group of Russian troops located in Transnistria (Republic of Moldova), and a separate guards motorized rifle brigade Sevastopol.
The Headquarters of this military-administrative units located on the Palace square in the city. The head of the Western military district the General-Lieutenant A. Sidorov (on this post from December 24th, 2012), in the period from October 2010 to November 2012, the chief was Colonel-General A. Bakhin. Chief of staff - first Deputy commander is Admiral N. Maksimov. Chief of organizational and mobilization Department-Deputy chief of staff-major-General E. Burdinski. The Deputy commander-major General I. Buvala.
Military reform affected not only the administrative division of the army, but also involves the modernization of the technical base and arms, improved and combat training not only to officers and employees under the contract, but also conscripts. Now much attention is paid to conducting field training and exercises.
Modern soldiers get acquainted with military equipment in real field conditions, not on the guidelines. Thus, in the period from 27 may to 5 June in ZVO were planned exercises with the firing of modern missile systems «Iskander-M». The exercises were held in the course of inspection of combat capabilities of the Russian Armed forces equipped with precision weapons. In that event, the military worked out questions of the organization of the combined destruction weapons of air and land-based critical facilities of the perceived enemy. Exercise involved one missile compound of the Western district, which are armed with long-range aircraft and missiles «Iskander-M».
In the event of a missile division marched the combined method, its length was more than two thousand kilometers. Soldiers practiced intelligence in the path of the complex, hidden deployment, occupation of firing positions. At the final stage together with units of long range aviation missile troops conducted training and live firing on the defeat of conventional targets with cruise missiles, air and land-based to the maximum possible distance. To assess the effectiveness of the results used the latest unmanned aerial vehicles of domestic manufacture.
No sooner had the soldiers to return to their units, and the management district to hold «debriefing» the results of the teachings, as began a new, even more ambitious, which involved the following Federal administrative districts: parts of the Volga, Central and Northwest. Military district raised the “gun” seven regiments of air defense and five regiments of aviation. In the course of these events, radar and anti-aircraft missile troops repelled a massive air RAID of the alleged enemy, realizing the protection of strategically important facilities from air strikes.
As you can see, today the defenders of the Fatherland do not give a miss. The country's leadership is concerned about the fighting capacity of the army and is doing everything to raise it to a qualitatively new level.
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