The Society is a kind of reality which we do not choose, do not create and cannot control, but it controls us, and in varying degrees, govern us. "Characteristics of man in society - what is it?" - you will ask. The answer to the question offered by this article. You will be asked to understand this complex issue to understand for yourself why it is so, and not otherwise, and if we are to change anything.
Characteristic of a person in society is quite complex and multifaceted. Society is a complex, educated, like all complex systems, the interaction of many differentiated parts. Rather, it formed as a result of the interaction and interdependence of individuals, following their natural impulses in behavior. Characteristic of a person in society, individuality and human nature are interrelated.
We, individuals, are a difficult organized being. The complexity of human nature is reflected in its multidimensional the Constitution, a variety of different needs. Among its many aspects such as self-preservation, competition, the need to communicate, sense of justice and thirst for freedom. However, our behaviour is mostly irrational because, despite the fact that man is endowed with reason, his hierarchy of needs forces us to follow the instinct of competition, regardless of the demands of truth and logic. Many aspects of human nature, in addition, have conflicting, contradictory. Because of this, we have to wage a constant and bitter struggle, for example, between the desire of power and freedom, equality and justice.
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Since the complexity is a natural feature any natural phenomena, society as a phenomenon is subject to the universal properties and patterns of change common to all complex systems. These properties and patterns can be traced on all levels of the system starting from family and ending with national and global associations. Characteristic of a person in society also needs to consider many factors.
Complex systems are characterized by the fact that they are nonlinear, that is, the reaction of the whole system follows from the reactions of its individual parts and cannot be defined as their sum. The nonlinearity of complex systems is associated with two properties, their unpredictability and irreducibility. Such systems are irreducible, because their behavior is generally different from the sum of behaviors of constituent parts. In fact, when there is a reverse relationship, the behavior of the whole affects the behavior of its constituent parts, and Vice versa. As a society affects a person, not a single individual cannot be isolated from it. Society, like all complex systems, acts as a single entity and cannot be controlled by individuals. Individuals can only influence it and participate in the various events that form the system, but can't control it.
A Complex system is unpredictable. In nonlinear systems the slightest change in conditions can lead to unpredictable large changes. In society also there is something similar. Various events, activities often lead to unexpected, unpredictable, and sometimes undesirable consequences.
Another reason for the unpredictability of complex systems is that they often include an element of chance, as well as the overall characteristic of a person in society. An example can suggest the following: as a complex system imagine a colony of ants. It can be noted that all ants go in search of food in different directions. This behavior allows the colony to find the best food. In human society there is also the element of chance. Culture, for example, has a great influence on the demands of society, but it may be formed entirely involuntary and accidental turn of events.
A Complex system, in General, does not have a strict definition, it is impossible to say exactly how called. Characteristic of a person in society is a very complex abstraction. That is, to analyze it, we have to build a simplified model. In the future, we will consider the model of a society based on well-known institutional, cultural and socio-economic relations, as well as their interaction and influence on human nature.
Each of the aspects of society (socio-economic, cultural, institutional, and human nature) itself is a complex Association formed by merging and interdependence of the more simple parts. The socio-economic order is formed by combination of labour, social relations and personal activity. The institutional dimension includes public and private organizations. Culture is a combination of knowledge and technology, philosophy and values. Human nature also is formed from the interaction of hereditary nature and its development in a particular individual. Characteristic of a person in society is called therefore the special term "individuality".
Like all complex systems, society is irreducible. This complex whole cannot be reduced to any of the aspects, the characteristics of the individual in society does not characterize a society as a whole. Any explanation of society in terms of a single aspect, be it culture, human nature, the struggle for power or the various institutions, is incomplete. It, like all complex systems, it is necessary to consider how the interaction of different scales, and forming a single irreducible unit.
And, as in other similar systems, its components do not exist separately, in isolation, but should be considered in their relation to other parts of the whole.
A Fundamental aspect of human social organization is its hierarchical structure. All forms of social organization, from the society of hunters and gatherers to high civilization, characterized by unequal distribution of power and hierarchy. Not all hierarchies are the same. Some have a strong Central government, and class divisions. Others, such as the society of hunters and gatherers are less vertical, more democratic, and may even have no permanent leaders. But they all have something in common: the distribution of power is always uneven. There is always the dominant sector, it can be men, leaders, clans, healers, etc.
Biological reason for the existence of the hierarchy lies in our competitive nature. Competition is one of the many aspects of human nature. Many of its aspects are also in conflict among themselves and compete. For example, by nature, we seek not only to compete but also to communicate. That is, by its very nature we need to be connected and correlated with other and at the same time compete with them. Human competition forces us to be organized into structures with unequal power distribution. The hierarchy in this case is an inevitable aspect of social organisation.
Unlike organisms or colonies, the behavior of which corresponds to the functions performed, society has no specific role.
However, although not a requirement, in some cases, social systems have a function that is mainly determined by the political structure of the system. Social systems with a hierarchical structure work for the benefit of those who stand at the top of the hierarchy, at the expense of those who are below.
The Idea that society exists for the benefit of each individual, is wrong. Social system can work for the benefit and to the detriment of the person. How it will work in a particular case depends on the random and arbitrary historical events. Attempts by individuals to control or design system, as a rule, lead to unforeseen and often undesirable consequences.
In contrast to the relativistic belief system to objectively assess and compare, in terms of the benefits they bring to individuals. As mentioned earlier, the system does not have any function, so you can work on good and harm to humans. From this position, some of them are good. Others are bad. Some systems are better than others.
Good system - one that promotes the General welfare. Bad harms people or promotes the welfare of some at the expense of others, as characteristic of a person in the company of other people always implies this separation.
What is the characteristic of a person in society? The answer to this question is to not give so easy. We started this article by saying that the society we do not choose, do not create and cannot control, but it controls the life of each of us. Does this mean that it is a separate system, controlling people and not subject to their control? Is it possible to change the society in which we live?
The Theme of "man and society" has always attracted the attention of politicians and sociologists. As said Noam Chomsky, the social system "are not carved in stone." There is no reasons why people might not be able to change them. We should be able to choose the social system that will work for the benefit of people. Characteristic of a person in society is a topic that concerns us all.
However, for a number of reasons it is not easy to implement. First, some individuals can't change the system independently. Only collective action can lead to changes in it. But collective action is difficult to organize because the individual consciousness, as a rule, is configured to be part of the system, not rebel against it. Second, those who profit from the system the least use and has the most reason to want to change it in the system the least power.
In General, the responsibility of the people is very slight. After all, if we often have a very vague understanding of his own nature, and the ability to control it is very limited what we can talk aboutsuch a complex topic, as the society in a person's life? However, despite the limitations of liability enjoyed by individuals, the responsibility still exists.
Those of us who are on the top of the hierarchy, bear the greatest responsibility. They tend to have a higher level of education, health, opportunities, resources and power to effect change. But at the same time they are least likely able to improve the system. This is because they have the most to gain and therefore will resist change and will not support the amendments that infringe their interests. In addition, the way of thinking of such people, as a rule, deprived of the necessary critical and analytical skills. The higher one ascends the ladder of the hierarchy, the greater his tendency to work the system to protect his power.
The person below is on the level of the hierarchy, the lower the role of the individual in society, the less responsibility he holds, as it usually has a low level of education, health, material resources, it lacks the ability and power to make changes. In addition, such people often manipulate, control those who are above. They have to care first of all about their basic and urgent needs. The theme of "man and society" for them is not available.
The Middle layer of the company bear almost the same responsibilities as those who are at the top of the hierarchy. The extent of this responsibility is inversely proportional to its verticality, and the role of the individual in society. In order to maintain its power, the top companies will try to make the middle classes were satisfied (and in the lower hierarchies, it will try to take care of the lower layers). Therefore, the middle layers will also benefit from the existing system, with its opportunities, resources and unlimited power, and hence share the responsibility with the top of society. Unlike the latter, not able to change the system, the middle classes have opportunities and resources. However, in their struggle for power they tend to adapt to the system and act in the interests of those who are at the top, ensuring the legitimacy of the system. Characteristic of a person in society is that largely on their conscience.
Ignorance, lack of understanding does not exempt the top and middle layers of the society from liability. Unlike the lower layers, they have the ability and resources to understand the system and act on it. If the system is bad, adapting to it, they contribute to the maintenance of its poor condition. Despite the collective consciousness in the questions of rationalization, excuses, or ignoring the harm to the system, individuals are responsible for this state of Affairs. Society in a person's life plays an important role, and we all are responsible for it.
In more unequal societies the challenge system normally throw do not come from higher or lower strata of society, and the minority of the middle layer, which decides to defend freedom, justice, equality and the interests of those below, future generations and the environment. Although most of the representatives of the middle strata of society, tend to quickly adapt to the system, crucial to her are those who do not identify themselves with it, I can't come to terms with it, and who have enough education, material resources and forces in order to challenge it.
Revolutionary changes caused by such people, often lead to the replacement of one hierarchy by another (which in some cases is even worse). On the other hand, a steady improvement in the system comes when on stage performing these people and participate in social development.
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