With the development of civilization, the beginning of the assault on nature so active that many species of plants and animals under threat of extinction. Therefore, in the middle of the last century at the international conference on the conservation of nature decided to call on the country to make lists and to make their covers in red, as a signal of alarm.
Around the same years appeared the Red book of Russia. Plants and animals listed in its first edition, was in need of emergency protection measures and in the special work to save their habitats at the Federal level. In the 90s of the last century began to create a similar book of regions of Russia. Thus each region had the opportunity to watch over the preservation of natural diversity on its territory.
In the world today more than 20 thousand species of animals, birds and plants are on the verge of extinction. In the international red book mentioned more than 25% of the existing mammals, about 50% of amphibians, more than 13% of birds and more than 33% of corals.
The Red book of Russia published not less often than 1 time in 10 years. Between the editions of the forces of the state is working on correcting the lists, which then become part of the next edition.
The Red book of Russia — not just the illustrated edition, which describes rare and endangered species. It can be called a programme of activities to restore the populations, because it contains years of experience and concrete facts accumulated by zoologists, hunters and just connoisseurs of nature.
The wealth of scientific information, description of risks and a lot of advice on the conservation of nature — all Red data book of Russia. Photos and illustrations help to better understand the nature of the native land and help her escape. This is the main mission of the publication — in saving endangered species of plants and animals and restoration of rare. History shows that it is possible, when their efforts bring together government agencies, interested public organizations, various professionals and enthusiastic Amateurs.
The Red book of Russia — the fruit of the work of many organizations, of various commissions, laboratories and scientists. After all, to authoritatively state that a plant or animal is on the verge of extinction, you need to conduct extensive research work. In the very beginning of its preparation were more than 100 agencies and organizations, including the Russian Academy of Sciences, government agencies, scientists of nature reserves and protected areas and Universities.
Now there are paper and electronic Red book of Russia. Animals and plants at risk here are more — in the electronic version there are a lot of additional information and thematic contextual links which you can navigate in the database of nature reserves and other interesting sites.
The Red book of Russia includes 6 sections according to the degree of threat of extinction of this species.
No. 0 — probably extinct;
No. 1 — threatened;
No. 2 — reduced in number;
No. 3 — rare;
No. 4 — undetermined status;
No. 5 — restoring and recovering.
For simplicity, information for the sections it is reasonable to place in tabular form
|0||Probably vanished||Species that met the researchers in the last 50-100 years.|
|1||Endangered||Types, the number of which fell almost to a critical level from which she might not recover, unless urgent measures.|
|2||Declining in numbers||The species, which in recent years had a strong tendency to decrease of population and very soon can go into the category of “endangered”.|
Species with small population located in a limited area or in large areas, but in very small groups.
|4||Status Undefined||These types or do not fit the criteria of the other categories or don't have sufficient scientific information. However, the special protection measures they need.|
|5||Restoring and recovering||The Types which in number and area of distribution due to the measures taken or to natural causes has reached a level when they required urgent measures on preservation and restoration of the population.|
Whatto do to all the flora and fauna of Russia is not included in the lists under the red cover?
International environmental organizations see a way to reduce the risks of global warming, reducing CO2 emissions, preventing disasters with oil spills, minimizing the emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere by industrial enterprises and cities, the fight against poaching and the use of protected areas for different purposes. Then in a few decades will be all Red books to make Museum exhibits.
In the meantime, to fill at least part of the populations of rare species, according to the calculations of environmentalists, have nearly half a billion dollars, and lists of endangered plants and animals continues to grow.
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