In connection with the latest dramatic developments in Ukraine, the country has significantly increased the number of those wishing to acquire Russian citizenship. The flow of migrants, earlier which consisted mainly of people seeking a better life and well paid work, has now been expanded with refugees. How to respond to the changing situation, the state Duma and the Federal migration service?
Until now, the citizenship of the Russian Federation for citizens of Ukraine legally and procedurally regulated by the points ‘Regulations on the procedure of consideration of issues of citizenship of the Russian Federation" dated 14.11.02. According to this document, to obtain a Russian passport of a foreign citizen arriving into Russian territory, must register with local authorities and submit an application for registration and obtaining a residence permit. In the case of a positive decision the owner of the document, while still a foreign citizen, to obtain the coveted passport you should live in Russia for five years. The path – the long and difficult.
The Massive adoption of Russian citizenship by citizens of Ukraine occurred after the reunification of the Crimea Peninsula with the main territory of the country. A passport is simply changed, the procedure was simplified. Most of the population of the Autonomous Republic of the referendum expressed a desire to become Russians, and formal rules were simply technically impossible, but, actually, this was unnecessary.
The citizenship of the Russian Federation for citizens of Ukraine is much simpler in some cases, namely with the passage of contract service for three years in the Russian army (according to the 4th part of the 13th article of the Federal law) or special services to the country. Requirements for permanent residence, obtaining of residence permit and temporary registration in these cases do not apply.
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Exceptions are provided for those who have received refugee status or political asylum. Special talking about figures of science, culture, technology and other fields of human activity in which the applicant has special achievements. Higher qualification or a rare profession such citizen can become a cause of the decision to reduce the period of 1 year and the consideration of the case personally by the President.
The Russian government is interested in the inflow of qualified able-bodied people, culturally and psychologically close to the main part of its own population. After the Soviet collapse reality a considerable number of Russians and representatives of other peoples who identify themselves as Russians, suddenly turned (in the legal sense) for foreigners.
The citizenship of the Russian Federation citizens of Ukraine in the order of the compatriots Resettlement Program involves the creation of conditions for those who wish to become Russians. For those assumes a number of benefits, state assistance, but there are certain limitations associated with the target character of this measure.
First, the able-bodied age, it may not be less than 25 and more than 50 years.
Second, pensioners and the disabled are becoming participants of the program of labor migration (in this life).
Third, to settle in Moscow and St. Petersburg and the surrounding areas compatriots-immigrants can't government support is not valid.
The Main advantage is that the citizenship of the Russian Federation for citizens of Ukraine (and some other countries-former Soviet republics) greatly accelerated, and takes from six months to a year.
To participate in the program should provide the usual documents: passport (if there is, and foreign) with authorized transfer, diplomas and certificates on education and employment history (desirable).
If you still have a metric of relatives, confirming the Russian origin (including the fact of birth in RSFSR), they are also advisable to attach.
If a citizen of Ukraine is not in a war zone, and he has no need to flee as a refugee, then the easiest way to obtain citizenship – you can contact the Russian Consulate (diplomatic mission or consular Department). This immediately eliminates many of the problems associated with long-term residence of non-residents in the Russian Federation. In this case there is no need to obtain a residence permit, the mandatory year-long presence on the territory of Russia is also not valid. In fact, during the period of consideration of the question (up to six months) you can not change the habitual way of life.
Despite the numerous rumors that Russian citizenship for Ukrainians now to get off easily, and is supposedly only a couple of months, the Russian legislation while no significant changes experienced. The draft law onthe simplification of the procedure exist, the State Duma is going to consider it, but it hasn't happened yet. Made on the discussion paper proposes to adopt the right to the repatriation of some categories of Ukrainian citizens, including Russian-speaking from Russian roots. This means that the people being abroad, but born in the territory of the Russian Empire, RSFSR or the Russian Federation or whose parents lived here, have some advantages over other applicants for a passport with the two-headed eagle. However, the right to dual citizenship project is not provided.
The Document has not yet been fully developed, it has opponents and supporters.
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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