Forensic medical expertise of corpse of a newborn is necessary in order to accurately determine the cause of death of the last, and also to answer the question, alive whether the child was at the time of his birth. In this case, the SME was appointed as an investigator mandatory. The study of the corpse of a newborn performed before or after the criminal case. More details about all this will be discussed in this article.
After the discovery of the body of the child before law enforcement officials raises the question of forensic medical expertise of corpse of a newborn baby. The reason for the purpose of the study is the presence of signs of violent death, with the result that the child suffered injuries incompatible with life. As a rule, in practice there are various situations. This is especially true in those cases where the birth takes place outside special medical institution and application independent Amateur help.
Quite often women, leading asocial way of life and do not want in the future to raise a child, especially not stand on the account on pregnancy in female consultation, to hide his interesting position. Usually, in such situations, the expectant mother immediately knows that after the baby is born she secretly get rid of him. So often the police or passers-by find the dead bodies of newborns in garbage cans or on the street. Sometimes there are such situations when the baby dies before birth (in the womb) or immediately after birth. In order to understand the causes of infant death, a forensic examination of the corpse of the newborn. But how it happens and what there are nuances?
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Features manifested in the fact that in the study of the baby's body the expert to solve certain tasks, which are not put in front of him, a detailed study of the corpse of an adult.
The questions which are specified in the resolution to conduct the SME include the following:
In addition, in this case, using an unusual techniques and research techniques. All the above issues are spelled out in the resolution on forensic medical expertise of corpse of a newborn, you should put along with the question of the cause of death of the child. It should also be noted that the specialist explores not only the surface of the body of the dead baby and the umbilical cord and placenta (if delivered).
This term is widely used not only by pediatricians and obstetricians, but also forensic experts in the study of the body of a dead baby. A newborn is considered a child in their first 24 hours of life and before reaching the age of one month. The definition of this criterion is required when the decision of a question on initiation of proceedings, when there has been infanticide by the mother's own baby.
If you set the exact time of a child's life is not possible, because no documentary evidence confirming the age of the infant, the newborn it is considered if there are traces, evidence of recent childbirth (blood on the body, the remains of the umbilical cord and placenta). Not considered as such by the kid has lived more than two months or who died in the womb. Thus, the forensic medical examination of corpses of newborns require detailed studies and accurate determination of the age of the infant.
This is another important concept that is used by specialists in the forensic examination of the body of the baby. As a rule, is considered full-term child born after a nine-month development in the womb of his mother. Baby born before this time would be premature, that is more weak and in need of additional medical care. A child born before the 28th week of development, is miscarriage.
However, not everyone understands what experts in the forensic examination of the corpses ' clothing use this term in their practice. So, this is necessary in order to exclude the death of a baby before his birth, and to confirm its viability after birth.
Here court. med. the examination of the corpse of a newborn allows you to determine compliance with anthropometric data of the infant in its intrauterine development. In this case, the experts measure the height and weight of the child, the width of the head and shoulders. This is done in order to know exactly what time in fetal development corresponds to the dead baby.
This term applies only to those infants, who after the birth was attended by signs of life (breathing, heartbeat,pulsation of the umbilical cord). In this case, no matter the time of child birth - full term or not. If the baby is born alive, the report of a forensic examination this will be written.
For anybody not a secret that every newborn baby needs special care. Therefore, leaving the last without feeding and caring adults, can end the baby's death.
On this basis specialist who has received a resolution from the investigator about the conduct of the examination of the corpse of a newborn child, must carry out the examination so as to determine not only the cause of the death of the latter, but also signs of improper care of the baby (if any). The kid left without food and clothing, can survive only a few days.
Unfortunately, but now seriously increased mortality rate of newborn children. In addition, quite often from the media to hear about what mothers do hurt their children, and they die at the hands of the parents, did not live even up to one month. For this reason, before law enforcement officers discovered the child's body in the woods or public place in the junkyard with garbage, or any other location, immediately raises the question on excitation of criminal case and conducting forensic examination.
It is only the study of corpses of newborn children by a specialist in a medical facility, will help to resolve the question of the presence or absence of signs of violent death of dead babies. Mother that cause death to their kids responsible for their actions, according to article 106 of the criminal code. This applies to cases when a woman takes the life of his newborn child, who was not yet one month. If a child commits murder of another person, the latter will be responsible for this criminal act under article 105 of the criminal code.
Once again I would like to say that in the conduct of research baby body forensic expert must answer a number of the questions put to him concerning the cause of death of the latter. Also, it is necessary to identify the signs of improper care of the child, his donoshennosti, maturity and viability. If the baby dies immediately after birth, the investigator may appoint an expert examination prior to the opening of the case and start preliminary investigation. Because in most cases the death of the newborn since its birth in hospital, has no signs of criminal acts. However, anything can happen.
If the baby's body was discovered somewhere in a public place or in a forest, the case is initiated immediately. Then carried out all the investigative activities, and appointed the examination of the corpse of the child was found. In this case, it is not always possible to find the mother of the deceased baby, which may responsible for the death of her own child.
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