The death penalty in Russia: a bit of history

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2018-03-18 20:45:48

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Death penalty in Russia – a particularly serious form of punishment. In the days of Ancient Russia, and then and throughout history the Russian Empire punitive measures were characterized by brutality, their basis and was a severe death penalty.

the death penalty in RussiaThe Death penalty in Ancient Russia might have in law to gain a foothold as either a vendetta or due to the influence of Byzantium. It is worth noting that the first official code of laws of Ancient Rus', "Russkaya Pravda" is not fixed, the death penalty, but the short version of this document enshrines the right of blood vengeance. Whether the death penalty at that time? Of course, you need. It was a time of lawlessness from the point of view of the law, it was still not a single state with no universal rights, and therefore all were regulated by community norms of justice. By the way, vendetta banned Truth Yaroslavychi.

But in the 14th century Dvinskaya charters re-introduced the death penalty for such crimes as theft, but only if it is made already in the 3rd time, but the killing did not provide for such severe penalties. About a hundred years old Pskov Charter adds to the list of crimes of Church embezzlement, and treason. Ivan the Great will introduce the death penalty for the murder of individuals such as "your Lord" and other higher officials, and also the death penalty in Russia is imposed for libel and various religious crimes.

do we need the death penaltyThe Following General code of Russian laws was adopted by Ivan the Terrible. This document is also not spared, characteristic of the death penalty and determined that the death penalty – the most popular form of punishment. It is worth noting that Ivan Vasilyevich made the death penalty public, that is, in the open, plus she had to involve torture.

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In the 18th century, this punishment was in its heyday, because increasing the list of crimes for which the prescribed penalty. It is not surprising that the peak of the death penalty occurred in the reign of Peter 1. But his daughter has temporarily replaced the death penalty with the reference to forced labor. Heinous crimes were considered only in the Senate, which was the sentencing. One of the most famous of the death penalty is the sentence of Emelyan Pugachev and his associates. He was executed in sight of all with quartering. It should be noted that the quartering was sentenced Nicholas 1 and the uprising on the Senate square, the Decembrists, however, this cruel method replaced the gallows.

do we need the death penalty in Russia

Whether the death penalty in Russia today? The opinions on this are different. Some believe that for certain crimes the death penalty is simply necessary. Among the supporters: the liberal democratic party, the interior Minister Kolokoltsev and the Communist party. But opponents of this form of punishment next: Vladimir Putin Fair Russia party Dmitry Medvedev.

Death penalty in Russia nowadays is not applied. It imposed a moratorium. However, the history of our country shows how rigid were the rulers and how competent was the law – it was the same for all and to death sentences as the peasants and nobles.


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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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