The names of some aircraft and airports are quite complex. To indicate the full names in the air would leave a lot of time. And when crossing international air space there and the difficulties of translation. In emergency situations, it will inevitably lead to the collapse, and hence the victims. For public convenience has introduced a special international codes.
ICAO Code is a unique combination, consisting of 4 digits and used for flight planning. Under the encoding of the at-45 is hiding the plane Alenia ATR 42-500. He produced the French-Italian group Avions de Transport Regional (ATR), formed by the enterprises of the French company Aerospatiale and Italian Aeritalia.
The Plane at-45 is one of the most popular on short-haul flights. It is a worthy successor of the first-born of the series the ATR-42. The updated draft of the vessel was announced in 1993. The first chassis of the at-45 off the cover of runway 16 September 1994. He has passed all the necessary activities for certification according to European standards, which was successfully completed in the summer of 1995. In October it had started mass production.
An Aircraft of this type had improved on the ergonomic design of the cabin with improved sound insulation. To reduce noise used by a whole system of special equipment in the cockpit and in the passenger compartment. The convenience of the passengers is dictated by the increase top shelves for Luggage.
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Kit digital EFIS avionics helps pilots a great deal with any of the flight situations. Sensitive sensors analyze the condition of systems and components. They promptly give to understand about the problems on Board and equipment failures.
A set of other sets of equipment by the customer. All this guarantees safety and reliability at-45. Photo of ATR 42-500 aircraft is presented below.
For more than twenty years, the aircraft of this series travel through Airways on domestic flights. To date, released over four hundred ATR-42, a large proportion of which is a plane at-45. Most major airlines, has its fleet this ship:
In Russia it can be found on domestic flights of Nordstar airlines and UTair. In operation is about 30 machines in the modern equipment. In General, companies are the first owners. Since 2011, the aircraft received certification documents for the ability to fly at low temperatures. It has greatly expanded its scope in the country.
In the evaluation of flying such ships, many passengers notice the similarity of the equipment with the Russian an-24, but note the great comfort and noise insulation in the cabin.
The Crew consists of 2 people. The number of passengers can range from 42 to 50. Usually in flight, the flight is operated by one steward.
|Wingspan||A 24.57 m|
|Wing Area||54,5 sq. m|
|Height||A 7.68 m|
|Maximum takeoff weight||18.6|
|Maximum landing weight||18,3|
|Weight empty weight||11,25 t|
|Fuel Capacity||5730 l|
The Plane got two turboprop engines Pratt & Whitney (Canada) PW127E, the capacity of each is 2400 horsepower. Shestilopastnye the Hamilton Standard 568F propellers have a diameter of 3.93 m, if the design provides for optimization of the noise reduction and vibration.
|Max cruise speed||560 km/h|
|Maximum speed||670 km/h|
|Range, considering the maximum load||1500 km|
|Service range||2100 km|
|The Maximum ceiling take-off||7620 km|
|Length of run||1160|
During its existence whole series ATR participated in different kind of disasters and serious accidents by about 30 times. The plane at-45 in these statistics, only three times, each of which occurred through the fault of the staff.
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
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