A Collective numerals, examples of which constantly occur in everyday speech are not used in business documents. Yes, and this concept is conditional. In fact, the collective numeral is some sort of quantitative. But the differences between these categories exist.
Each part of speech plays a specific role in the proposal. However, the collective and the cardinal numbers indicate almost the same. But in their use is a significant difference. Collective numerals indicate the person than is due to their substantivation. For example: “Who are these Three guys? Surely these Three young men have learned a lot, because they starred in the famous TV series!” From the context it is clear that we are talking about guys in number three. Thus, the answer to the question of what is a collective numeral, as follows: it is the part of speech which indicates the number of individuals in a particular gathering of people. But to use them towards the animals is not possible.
Examples of such phrases as "two persons”, “five kids” or “both boy” indicate not just on the number or order of transfer. First and foremost, these expressions display a certain group. Interesting is the fact that in the modern Russian language the name of the numeral (collectively) is a closed, non-productive, surviving group of words. This phrase should be understood as follows: language is constantly transformed and developed. However, this branch remains unchanged, retaining the traditional historical view.
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Use these formations from the larger numbers should be attributed to the vernacular, although to dismiss all of their existence will act imprudently. Sometimes you can find even in fiction such collective numerals. Examples of such statements is in the story of art "of the Forty-first”, when the main character – a woman – reads a poem of his own composition. Bright and picturesque line “Dualcamera in Prairie gone”, it shows that in the parlance of collective numerals is used not only those that derived from the first ten numbers, but larger. Produce them in the same way, i.e. by adding the suffix -Er- end -.
To link in the sentence change. In the same way as quantitative, collective numerals have no number and kind. The exception to this rule is the word "both", as it can be in the form of a female "both". But in cases changes all collective numerals. Examples:
A Collective numerals with nouns - for example, "two boys” and “three guys” - change in cases as well as a complete the adjectives in a soft way, standing in the plural. For example:
Despite the fact that have Two boys (R. p.) had only one toy, a quarrel between them ever occurred. This Two kids (D. p.) was so comfortable with each other, that sense of white envy of their friendship arose in the soul itself. Seeing these Two boys (V. p.), enthusiastically playing with the same toy, adults sometimes thought about how and whether we live in your adult world? The old lady also affectionately admired Two kids (Etc.), which is almost never parted even for a minute. While the local gossips talking about these Two boys (PP), coming up with implausible stories of their origin.
All other quantitatively-collective numerals need to change on cases on the principle of full adjectives plural. Only this process takes place in solid. It should also be remembered that the emphasis in these collective numerals, standing in the oblique cases always falls to the end. Will poklanjam the expression “four singers”
I. p. - four singers.
R. p. - four singers.
D. p. - four singers.
V. p. - four singers.
So the four singers.
P. P. - four singers.
This word stands out as the meaning indicates not only two people, but a couple inanimate objects. The other collective numerals can denote a group of people that is, people, or inanimate beings, with a human face, for example, of the dead. You should also know what the collective numeral, as “both” can be combined with nouns of the feminine in the form of “both”. Tend these words in the same way as collective numerals “two”, “three”, that is, like an adjective plural in a soft way: Both of them, both (p. I.), Both both (R. p.), Both both (D. p.), Both both (VP), the Both both (Etc.), Both both (PP).
The Collective numbers are used less frequently than quantitative. This is because they can be combined with a more narrow range of nouns.
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