Collective numerals (examples). What is the collective numeral

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2018-03-17 12:30:39

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A Collective numerals, examples of which constantly occur in everyday speech are not used in business documents. Yes, and this concept is conditional. In fact, the collective numeral is some sort of quantitative. But the differences between these categories exist.

What do the collective numbers?

Each part of speech plays a specific role in the proposal. However, the collective and the cardinal numbers indicate almost the same. But in their use is a significant difference. Collective numerals indicate the person than is due to their substantivation. For example: “Who are these Three guys? Surely these Three young men have learned a lot, because they starred in the famous TV series!” From the context it is clear that we are talking about guys in number three. Thus, the answer to the question of what is a collective numeral, as follows: it is the part of speech which indicates the number of individuals in a particular gathering of people. But to use them towards the animals is not possible.

examples of collective numerals

Collective numerals

Examples of such phrases as "two persons”, “five kids” or “both boy” indicate not just on the number or order of transfer. First and foremost, these expressions display a certain group. Interesting is the fact that in the modern Russian language the name of the numeral (collectively) is a closed, non-productive, surviving group of words. This phrase should be understood as follows: language is constantly transformed and developed. However, this branch remains unchanged, retaining the traditional historical view.

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Groups collective numerals

  1. Special item is numeral Both (both). Of it will be discussed separately.
  2. The methods of education allocate the words "two" and "three." The roots – the corresponding cardinal numbers Two And three. They are formed with the participation of the suffix First.
  3. Wider group consists of the collective numerals Four, five and so on, to ten. They are formed by adding the suffix -er and end -O.

Common Parlance in the group collective numerals

Use these formations from the larger numbers should be attributed to the vernacular, although to dismiss all of their existence will act imprudently. Sometimes you can find even in fiction such collective numerals. Examples of such statements is in the story of art "of the Forty-first”, when the main character – a woman – reads a poem of his own composition. Bright and picturesque line “Dualcamera in Prairie gone”, it shows that in the parlance of collective numerals is used not only those that derived from the first ten numbers, but larger. Produce them in the same way, i.e. by adding the suffix -Er- end -.

 what is the collective numeral

Change of the collective numerals in gender, number and case

To link in the sentence change. In the same way as quantitative, collective numerals have no number and kind. The exception to this rule is the word "both", as it can be in the form of a female "both". But in cases changes all collective numerals. Examples:

  1. It's a great miracle when Two lovers give affection to each other, create a family, give birth and raise children! (The nominative case).
  2. The Love triangle is so named because of the relationship Three people who love, not two. (Accusative case).
  3. Seven guys never had to go back to their parents - they hit a mine in the first battle. (Dative).

quantitative collective numerals

The Decline of the words “two” and “three”

A Collective numerals with nouns - for example, "two boys” and “three guys” - change in cases as well as a complete the adjectives in a soft way, standing in the plural. For example:

Despite the fact that have Two boys (R. p.) had only one toy, a quarrel between them ever occurred. This Two kids (D. p.) was so comfortable with each other, that sense of white envy of their friendship arose in the soul itself. Seeing these Two boys (V. p.), enthusiastically playing with the same toy, adults sometimes thought about how and whether we live in your adult world? The old lady also affectionately admired Two kids (Etc.), which is almost never parted even for a minute. While the local gossips talking about these Two boys (PP), coming up with implausible stories of their origin.

quantitative collective numerals

The Decline of the words “four”, “five” and so on

All other quantitatively-collective numerals need to change on cases on the principle of full adjectives plural. Only this process takes place in solid. It should also be remembered that the emphasis in these collective numerals, standing in the oblique cases always falls to the end. Will poklanjam the expression “four singers”

I. p. - four singers.

R. p. - four singers.

D. p. - four singers.

V. p. - four singers.

So the four singers.

P. P. - four singers.

Collective numeral Both (both)

This word stands out as the meaning indicates not only two people, but a couple inanimate objects. The other collective numerals can denote a group of people that is, people, or inanimate beings, with a human face, for example, of the dead. You should also know what the collective numeral, as “both” can be combined with nouns of the feminine in the form of “both”. Tend these words in the same way as collective numerals “two”, “three”, that is, like an adjective plural in a soft way: Both of them, both (p. I.), Both both (R. p.), Both both (D. p.), Both both (VP), the Both both (Etc.), Both both (PP).

Speech errors associated with the use of the word “both”

  1. Most Often in conversation there is a substitution of the word “both” the noun “Wallpaper”. Here is a cruel joke played by the similarity of their constituent letters. As an example, consider a message grandmother that both grandson back home: “the Wallpaper of the house, come quick!”. Her daughter's appeal may be construed as the fact that someone bought tapestries for repair and put them in the room.
  2. Often people use a form of “both” in oblique cases in combinations with nouns denoting persons or objects of the feminine gender, is a collective numeral “both”. For example, a wrong there is a saying: “her bracelets were on Both the hands and rings and rings covered all the fingers”. Instead, you should speak and write as follows: “her bracelets were on Both the hands and rings and rings covered all the fingers."

this is a collective numeral

Use

The Collective numbers are used less frequently than quantitative. This is because they can be combined with a more narrow range of nouns.

  1. The Word “two”, “three”, “four” and so on are used with inanimate nouns that exist only in the plural, for example: Two scissors, forceps, three, four days. “Becoming a qualified hairdresser-specialist, Tatiana could no longer use their old home tools, she had to urgently purchase Two high-quality professional scissors”.
  2. Collective numerals are Used in combinations, where the main nouns are males, for example: Five companions, two men. “Two men, dressed in identical long black coats and scarves wrapped up to the nose, passed a hasty step, constantly looking back”.
  3. Allowed the use of collective numerals in relation to the group of persons which includes people of both male and female. For example: “she had two children: a girl and a boy”.collective numerals are used
  4. Sometimes the collective numerals are used with personal pronouns, standing in the plural: “We remained, Five in the room when suddenly it became absolutely dark, the floor trembled under his feet and began to sway like the deck of the ship, and books and Souvenirs that lined the shelves, a noise fell down”. “Their was only Four. But Them...

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