It's Amazing how much can mean a simple phrase, if you look at it from the point of view of different Sciences. For example, consider the “absolute event”. As a specific term used in law, jurisprudence, sociology, history and even astronomy. Every science interprets the phrase a bit differently from other disciplines. Consider the basic values.
As it is logical to assume, if there is a speech about the events of absolute, so relative. And what is the event in principle? This word denoted such circumstances, which in General case are not binding to the human will. If we talk about the law, then it only play the role of the circumstances that trigger legal consequences.
The Absolute event is one which does not provoked by the will of a certain entity present in the situation. Civil law, when speaking of such phenomena, typically uses the term “force majeure”. Circumstance absolutely irresistible within the given situation conditions, it belongs to the category of emergency. Examples of absolute events: extending in the form of an epidemic disease, natural disaster, man-made or just a very big accident, epizootic. If we consider the absolute event from the point of view of law, then this also will have to carry the moments of the birth and death of the subject, and other similar.
Events, the differences between them has long attracted the attention of specialists in different Sciences, that became the basis for developing a sufficient volume of theory and terminology. In a modern interpretation of a relative decided to call the events that are triggered by the will, desire, desires caught up in this situation man. At the same time from the subject depends only on the fact of initiation and their further development takes place, regardless of his desires or hopes. This difference in the starting point of the process and is essential for relative and absolute events. Example: a man provoked the outbreak of physical conflict (in other words, fighting), but in the end his opponent got serious injuries and died.
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Considering some event, it is not always possible to say exactly whether it is absolute or relative: the point of view of experts may differ. To distinguish between and facilitate assessments of the causes and consequences were imposed evaluation timeline. For each situation they are selected individually, taking into account characteristics of the event, but in any case, are a legal fact, is inseparable from the event.
The Absolute event – these are the circumstances that describe the reality surrounding the subject of the situation. At the same time they are independent from the desires, capabilities, expression of the subject. The consequences caused by the event, are very different. Let us consider two simple examples: stood a house, insured against destruction due to natural disaster. There was an earthquake strong enough to collapse. In such a situation, a natural disaster becomes a legal fact, which implies that the owner of the now destroyed building gets right to compensation from the insurance program.
Another example of the absolute event as a legal fact: died a man. Impact that provokes this situation, it is difficult to piece together, so many of them. Certain obligations if the deceased took part in them, stop and others begin. For example, if the person had assets, started the mechanism of inheritance. Depending on the nature of the death may also follow the need to clarify details of the incident.
For the modern legal science is really of great importance is the division into absolute and relative events, as they are from the point of view of existing laws. If the legal and civil impacts triggered by a relative event, it is necessary to delve deeper into the relationship between cause and result. This is necessary to identify how to blame some entity involved in the situation.
The Timing is not so important for absolute events, but play a significant role if they see a relative. The term origin is defined by the legislative will, and also depends on the acting person. During the term always controlled by the laws of time, independent of man. For legal regulation of relations in society, the timing is exceptionally significant, are one of the key mechanisms used by the system of laws. Responsibilities, the rights of some citizen can be automatically activated or, conversely, to exhaust yourself only on the basis of time. Relative, absolute events as legal facts, as well as the time intervals characteristic of them, have become one of the most important tools used by the current justice system in our country.
From the point of view of sociologyconsider the term – this semantic complex, which to some extent unified with the studied situation. The complexity involves the simultaneous evaluation of both the spatial coordinates of the event and temporal boundaries. To identify the events you need to have some sort of observer that is able to determine that the event occurs or has already ended. From the point of view of sociology could call what is happening in one place, in one time interval, that is characterized by unity of geographical, temporal coordinates. This is due to the following logic: coordinates of space, time, allow an accurate identification of any unique point, and also provide an opportunity to identify the relationship of locations of points, if present.
As any event occurs in a specific time moment, therefore, he divides the dial at the “to”, “after”. For each event, sociologists propose to allocate the events that preceded the present act or immediately follow him. Co-events – not the duration of the considered act, since it cannot contain other events. At the same time, this approach allows to take into account that any event is not infinitely short time, and a certain time period. Special attention to this aspect is paid in the works of Georg Simmel.
From the point of view of sociology, the absolute event is a such act with respect to which is present in the system the observer can accurately say that was the beginning, was the end. This makes the events in full. The scientific approach proposes to call such an act of “atomic” event. It becomes absolute only within a specific group of observers recorded the beginning and the end of the events.
Considering the characteristics of the absolute event, it should be noted that the construction occurs in one of two ways, and this largely determines the parameters actually studied act. In the first case, the initial state becomes the qualification of an object, allowing the implication of the event. The second option – evaluation of some events as an absolute and the study of the act, following directly behind him. If both of the phenomenon under consideration are adjacent to each other, if they can be attributed to one and the same event number if they are subject to the same chronology, then we can talk about the affiliation of the second act a absolute event.
There is not only the concept of “absolute event” in civil law, sociology, this area also attracted the attention of philosophers. Here all the arguments begin with the idea that we observed the world – an absolute event. It occupies all the space around and stretched on all the time, has no beginning and no end and is a full-fledged object. The probability that an event will happen – unit.
From the point of view of the philosophy of the absolute event is determined by the characteristics of the observer, not in any way included in the correlation with the specifics of the perception of what is happening. In fact, this information flow without beginning or end that each individual object can be observed in the specified interval. From the point of view of the exact Sciences, this approach might seem rather reckless and even silly, however it takes place in humanistic areas. That is, if in law the facts are absolute events, in philosophy this term refers to everything that happens in total, whether the fact, the time or spatial coordinates. It is said that each piece of observed individual object has its own probability indicator – and it is also equal to one. This allows you to share an endless stream for deterministic periods, clearer and more simple for human perception. An example of such a cut – the fact of reading the specific reader of this material. As we can see, the probability of this event – unit. However, this wisdom has long found itself an expression in folk sayings and Proverbs. Hardly an event occurs, there will be someone ready to confirm that the situation has long been developed so that this event was probable, real. In short, "and was”.
It May seem that the above-described – is the concept of fatalism, raised to the power of science. In fact, there are no (however, to deny the existence of destiny is also not with 100% accuracy), but take into account that the absolute event, which we proved to be difficult, it is infinite and at the same time instantly, and its component parts often do not look as great as expected from the point of view of a particular observer. Some do seem incredible. However they occur, as it plays the role of system is much more complex than is obvious to an ordinary observer inside the event.
Philosophy as a science the main feature of this approach is ad absolute deterministic events, and it does not matter at what time direction consider a sequence of fragments. In fact, it boils down to the following idea: the future is now, butthe observer does not know about it. Awareness of this fact makes it quite freely to contact with effects, causes – they can even be interchanged. Scientists have greater freedom in the use of inductive, deductive research methods, moreover, they can equate to one another. This is possible because the validity of the incident and of committing what we have not yet observed, are equal, that is, significant difference does not exist.
As the absolute event happens with probability equal to one, it can be considered reliable. This becomes a source of bifurcation, and what has already happened is denoted by the probability of “unit”, as for future use the index of the “zero”, as these events had not yet taken place, although at the same time, it is impossible to avoid their occurrence. In fact, the observer takes a position on the crest of the ‘bifurcation wave». You could even say, using the popular expression of Karl Marx that bifurcation – it is the force that drives our story.
The Future, the past – how much time separates these two vague for the average person the concept? From the point of view of exact Sciences, optimally, if it is a MiG with a predetermined temporal duration, just a certain, specified space. In fact, we are dealing with a sharp probabilistic leap – from zero, you receive the unit, is spent for a specified time. A number of philosophers compare this approach with the idea of quantum time, allowing what is happening in quanta, despite the contradiction of these events are common (it would seem) sense.
Returning to a more exact science, it is necessary to pay attention to the concept of “absolute event rates”. Here everything is much simpler, less metaphorically than in the previously described approach to terminology and perception of the world. There is a formula by which is calculated the absolute frequency of events usually take place in the course of high school or University program.
Assume that the set a (N) number of experiments. Each of them had a chance for the emergence of the desired event A. In this embodiment determine the absolute frequency of a random event – the number of times the desired situation still occurred. Absolute expressions are also calculated this figure on the total amount of produced experiments (studied objects, situations, participants). This allows you to identify the percentage that are important for the evaluation of the performance of the system.
The Above has been discussed a lot of options for the consideration of the term “absolute events”. In practice, ordinary people often faced with the absolute legal events. Of course, the mathematical aspect of probability, many (if deeply engaged in the exact Sciences) are held in the educational course, and in the future face him. But it's a pretty small percentage of all mankind. But to meet in real life easier is the absolute legal events. All we insure life, health and property, unconsciously calculated the probability of an accident based on what we figure out in what situations you need to be careful. Each person has a probability of being in an unpleasant situation, the consequences of which will be not only a bad impression, but the civil or legal consequences.
Knowing what the legal facts are absolute events, you can more carefully, correctly, the right to make contracts, to sign the agreement. In General education in the field of law in our country at the level of broad public mass at a fairly low level, and this creates certain problems, and dishonest companies gives you the opportunity to use human naivety. To avoid becoming a victim of such relative events, you need a clear idea of what the absolute event in case of their occurrence can give right and which ones.
We have already been given examples of absolute events relative, the legal Sciences, and also mentioned about the relationship with the term “legal fact”. But what does this phrase mean? Consider the terminology carefully. From the point of view of legal science the facts are such instructions on the basis of which appear to be a relationship change or end. In addition, for any fact is a hypothesis written in the legal norms of society. Legal regulation of our society is carried out with attraction of a huge mass of circumstances that trigger effects or their absence.
A Legal fact necessarily specified, it belongs to the category of life circumstances. On the basis of law can be linked with a legal fact legal relationship (their origin, development and termination), as well as the effects that are important for legal science. Facts – is both a basis for legal relations, and their actual adjustment in the process of existence, and termination. For example, a person's legal facts are the moments of birth, of minor age, death. Each of these facts provokes certain consequences.
First and foremost it should be noted thatthe fact is expressed outward. Therefore, it is impossible to recognize the legal facts of human feelings, thoughts. In addition, the fact that Express legal fact related to specific phenomena or their absence. Finally, the legal facts can be attributed only to such circumstances that the legal standards are provided, indicated by the theses.
Any legal fact has real power, if he was in a special way recorded, executed, confirmed. The fact is obligatory to follow the consequences.
It is Impossible to overestimate the importance of legal facts for the modern legal science, as this term – one of the fundamental. Facts have lawmaking functions, that is, provoke consequences that are significant from the point of view of legal regulation of relations within society. In addition, they can change the circumstances to stop them by expiration date. Some legal facts have restore rights.
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