The capital construction objects: definition. The types of capital construction objects


2018-03-18 02:15:41




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The Term "capital construction" (COP) involves not only the construction of new buildings, but also design and survey, installation, commissioning, modernization of existing fixed assets, training and technical documentation.

The Types of capital construction

To answer the question: “What is the object of capital construction?” - to find out what types of KS exist. Let us discuss this in more detail.

the construction of the concept and definition of

Types of KS:

  1. New construction – creation of objects and their complex in new areas which, after completion of works at the commissioning shall be composed of a balance sheet.
  2. Reconstruction of existing enterprises – the elimination of physical deterioration of buildings or elements thereof with a possible restructuring of existing shops to improve production, increase capacity and improve product quality.
  3. Technical re-equipment of existing enterprises – is a complex of measures on modernization, automation of production with the aim of improving the financial activities of the organization. In this type of construction is the reconstruction and/or expansion of existing production areas.
  4. Expansion of existing enterprises – create and/or increase new/existing objects, shops at the existing facility. Objects not put on its own balance sheet after documenting associated with commissioning.

In other words, the result of any of the following types of capital construction object is.

Objects of capital construction: definition

Construction & ndash; growing industry, in which appear ready-made objects by function manufacturing/non-manufacturing and infrastructure. That falls under the category of “capital projects"? Definition (formulation prescribed in the town planning code of the Russian Federation) treats the concept as: residential and non-residential buildings and unfinished construction sites (with the exception of buildings by type of sheds and stalls).


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objects of capital construction of the definition of

Types of CA facilities

A detached building with all utilities, ramps, equipment, and furniture is called object construction.

The Building – a result of construction activities, forming a system consisting of underground and/or overground parts of the structure which included facilities, engineering communications. The purpose of the construction of – accommodation, location of production, the maintenance of animals or storage of products.

Construction-civil engineering object designed for production processes, product storage, movement of people or goods. The main difference from the building is a temporary stay on the object, for example: bridges, dams, power lines, stadiums.

the definition and types of objects of capital construction

The Term “structure” is used as a generic name to the previous two concepts. Is also a result of the construction, but not put on the account in the register of objects of the COP.

Construction in progress – suspended for a specified period erected structure.

Classification of objects of capital construction

In the Cadastral code of the Set out the definition and types of capital construction objects. These are: buildings, constructions (pipelines, wells, power lines and communications, dams), structures and unfinished construction sites.

According to the Government Resolution No. 87, which approved the composition of the project documentation, functional value, it is customary to distinguish 3 kinds of object KS:

  • For production processes;
  • Non-production purposes;
  • Linear.

what is the capital construction object

To objects of an industrial nature shall include buildings and structures of industrial purposes, as well as security and defense. Construction of housing stock, municipal, cultural, social and capital nature usually attributed to non-productive mind.

Linear features

Engineering networks, communications, pipelines, power lines and communication, roads, bridges, tunnels – linear objects of capital construction. Positioning when designing this category of structures is the establishment of specialists in surveying the coordinates of the characteristic points and is regulated by the Federal law “On state real estate cadastre”.

linear objects of capital construction of the definition of

Obtaining the documents authorizing the construction of linear objects, on the basis of town planning and Land codes of the Russian Federation and the law “On automobile roads and road activities”.

Construction sites that do not require permits

Approvals – a package of documents that meet the requirements of the urban development plan of land plot (gpzu) and allowing the Builder to the commencement of construction and reconstruction.

The development plan – documentation, without which the design organisation is not entitled to issue its decision on the construction and reconstruction of objects. Issued to the developer after the written statement the architectural Department with the approval of the district administration.

According to article 51 of GRK, starting construction without permits is allowed in the case if you have a construction:

  • Garage on land owned by a physical person;
  • Stalls, sheds and other facilities of temporary nature;
  • Buildings auxiliary character;
  • And also, if necessary, changes to capital structures, without affecting the load-bearing structures, without disturbing the characteristics of reliability and safety.

Distinctive features of capital facility

To understand the differences between temporary and capital structures need to consider the legal and economic side of the subject matter.

A Temporary structure – auxiliary facility under construction for the full construction and subject to dismantling after completion of works. It is not issued legal documents.

signs of belonging to a capital construction object

On the technical side, a temporary structure may have the same characteristics (Foundation, main walls, W/W floors), and capital construction. Definition of delicate Faces The difference lies in their different legal status. During the construction of the capital facilities provided for their long life, while the temporary buildings have a limited period of use not exceeding five years.

Main features belonging to the object of capital construction is inextricably linked to his relationship with the land and, consequently, the need to obtain permits. But more on that later.

Objects of capital construction: issues referring to real property

Prior To 2005, use of such legal structures, as “real estate objects in urban planning”, “the objects of urban development”. Making some adjustments terminology has changed. So, since 2005 in the Russian legislation was first introduced the term "capital construction". The concept and definition of this category are not only in urban planning but also in other branches of law (use the term also in land, forest legislation, civil law).

Interpretation of the term ACS is reduced to a simple list of objects without assigning them to any properties and characteristics. But it is known that capital structure has a relationship with the land and cannot be moved or dismantled, without prejudice to his appointment.

capital construction challenges

On the other hand, for comparison it is necessary to consider the grounds of the estate. In the civil code, the provision of article 130, the list of the properties inherent in real estate:

  • Strong relationship with the land;
  • Mandatory state registration;
  • The inability of the move real estate without harming its structure; this also applies to structures, buildings and objects of unfinished construction.

In the norm mentioned the capital construction objects, the definition of which is in the UDC. That is, properties (objects, buildings) are OKS, therefore, they are characterized by the same signs as for real property.

Unauthorized construction. Can she be a COP?

Unauthorized construction – is an object, whose construction was carried out without obtaining the necessary permits in areas not designated for such purposes and in violation of health, planning codes, etc...

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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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