Atherosclerosis of the lower extremities today is a fairly common disease. More often it occurs in men over 40. Lower limb arteries are exposed to during disease pathological changes that lead to painful sensations in the legs. Mainly affects the popliteal, femoral, and tibial blood vessels. The impaired circulation is the result of compression of the venous lumen. Treatment of atherosclerosis of vessels of lower limbs should start immediately as this disease can lead to gangrene.
To Recognize the disease in its initial stage is difficult, since it occurs almost without painful symptoms. One of the main methods that can detect the disease early – Doppler ultrasound of lower extremities vessels.
To Recognize the illness can be unpleasant sensations in the legs that appear during walking. The man begins to limp, and to facilitate the state needs to make permanent and respite stay. Due to disturbed blood circulation in the vessels of the muscles do not get the desired rate of oxygen. In this regard, there is pain on the feet and toes. They have acute and start of the night, when intensive walking or heavy loads.
The Treatment of atherosclerosis of vessels of lower extremities should be conducted in identifying the following symptoms:
The pallor of the skin of the feet;
Deformity of the nails and their refinement;
A constant loss of hair on the skin of the extremities;
The numbness of the feet;
Swelling of feet and lower leg.
If you look closely, the leg affected by atherosclerosis, there will be a different color of skin from a healthy limb. When performing palpation in this place there may be no ripple.
There are several methods of treatment of this disease. Recommended it in combination to achieve a positive result. Treatment of atherosclerosis of vessels of lower extremities should begin with a comprehensive diagnosis. It is necessary to identify the causes and sources of disease.
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The Treatment of atherosclerosis of vessels of lower extremities is conducted in two ways:
Drug (focused on symptoms);
Etiopathogenetic (surgery is performed).
When symptomatic therapy with medication strengthen blood vessel walls and improve circulation in the lower limbs. Drugs have also contributed to a decrease in blood cholesterol levels. Prescribe the following medications:
From a group of statins;
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3, -6);
Improving blood circulation;
Activating the rheological problem of blood;
In addition, doctors can conduct the procedure for the relief of pain. Also use acupuncture, laser scanning and treatment. It should be noted that during medical treatment the symptoms of the disease can manifest itself again. Therefore, during treatment visits with a doctor and follow his recommendations.
Surgical intervention is performed in severe form of the disease. There are different surgical methods that depend on the severity of the lesions of atherosclerosis.
Not to run the disease, it should be with unpleasant sensations in the lower limbs to go to the doctor. Timely diagnosis and treatment will bring health to your feet.
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