Khabarovsk Krai of Russia – land of unimaginable contrasts. Only here you can see how tropical vine wrapped around the trunk, North of cedar, and among the snow bright hues of blooming flowers. Just melted on a lake in the middle of a pine forest in the water floats a tropical Mandarin duck, and among the conifers flies incredibly beautiful butterfly-swallowtail Maak. To retain the grandeur and diversity of the intended nature reserves of Khabarovsk Krai.
The Third largest of the far Eastern subject of the Russian Federation with the administrative center in the city of Khabarovsk, covering an area of 787 633 square kilometers. With a population of more than 1.3 million people. Area of rugged far North and equated territories. Place gold mining and the development of industry. But the most important is the wealth of natural resources and ecological diversity.
Unique natural resources of the land have long been the subject of state care. Today 6.7% of the territory of the region became protected. These portions include:
Thus, to answer the question of how reserves in the Khabarovsk region, the answer will sound so: twelve objects of national importance.
The Living symbols of nature reserves of Khabarovsk Krai is the markings placed on the emblem. And, of course, is a key species protected in protected areas.
In the Khabarovsk Krai there is a program called "Living planet", whose purpose - protection of nature reserves of Khabarovsk Krai and increasing the area of protected areas to 10% of the area of the entire region. In addition, signed and work of an international Treaty with its Asian neighbor China on the protection of the adjacent territories and cooperation in the development of green tourism.
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Especially Protected natural territory - areas in which the state establishes special conditions for the conduct of any activity and protection of flora and fauna. Preserves, reserves, natural and national parks, nature monuments.
Reserves are different from other entities of protected areas more strict rules of the regime of protection and with the exception of the business activities. Including a ban on tourism, highlighting only some parts of the territories free to visit exceptionally organized tour groups. Government regulations-regulations for each reserve established his regime, taking into account all the factors of his existence.
In the sanctuaries of their regime of security measures, but their status expands opportunities for the development of tourist business. However, in this case, the object mode is regulated by the state and installed for each reserve.
Natural monuments is a separate landscape, geological or biological sites of special value of historic, cultural or natural sense. This can be a particular waterfall, lake, rock or even stone.
Parks & ndash; biological, geological, dendrological and Botanical – set a mode that allows you to conduct certain business activities involving the provision of existence of this object.
The Activity of all subjects of protected areas is overseen and coordinated by the Ministry of natural resources and ecology of the Russian Federation. The main document regulating the activities of such entities, the Federal Law of 14.03.1995 № 33-FZ “On specially protected natural territories”.
The Most stringent in the environmental respect are the nature reserves of Khabarovsk Krai. The list looks as follows:
There is also the Park «Anui”. Created not so long ago (2007) on the lands of the Nanai area rich in forest and water Fund. Park and “the Shantar Islands” as part of the Dzhugdzhurski reserve.
Named for the mountain range of the Bolshoi Khekhtsir. Territory of 45.5 hectares are covered with forests. Has many streams and rivers that flow into the Ussuri river and Teal, and in the Amur stream.
The diversity of the flora and fauna celebrated the great Russian Explorer and naturalist N. M. Przhevalsky. Species diversity is represented by the following:
Endangered species – 7. The most visited reserve, as it is located almost in the suburbs of Khabarovsk.
Nearly 5 hectares is the water basin of the Left tributaries of the Amur river, the total area of 61.2 per ha. the landscape is varied and includes mountain landscapes. The highest mountain Cocette, 800 meters.
Of the 680 plant species, 8 are listed in the Red book of the Russian Federation: yew, caltrop, gastrodia high, lady's Slippers, peony obovate, borodinka Japanese, iris smooth and coleanthus thin.
Endemic to the mountain rivers that flow into the river Gorin, is 23 species of fish. The total species diversity represented by 50 species of fish and 45 species of mammals.
Place seasonal migrations for migratory birds. Along with the migrating species composition is approximately 233 species of birds.
Located near Komsomolsk-on-Amur, and has a wide range of services for active rest. Tours including rafting and observation of spawning of chum salmon is very popular among tourists and deserve positive feedback.
The Area of 358 ha is a typical mountainous relief formed by the ridges of the Dusse-Alin and Aesop. This is the most beautiful in the far East mountain range with lots of mountain rivers, lakes and waterfalls. One of the most deep lakes Korhaan (14 m) surrounded by a scenic circus of the rocks.
The Combination of mountains and hills and river valleys make the climate is very contrasting. The summer air warmed up to 38 C, and winter maximum temperature is – 45.
Inaccessibility has preserved the pristine nature here, with species diversity only in 130 species of birds.
On the territory there are deposits of rock crystal deposits of gold and semiprecious stones.
Backpackers offers a 11-day trip with rafting on the river Bureya, camps in tents and dive in mountain lakes, very appreciated by many travelers.
Founded in 1994 to preserve the most Northern population of Amur tigers and spawning grounds of salmonids, which enter into many shallow mountain rivers in the fall and spring. The pride of the reserve – fossils verkhnetroitskoe flora, unique paleontological monument.
The Symbol of the reserve – the red duck is the Mandarin duck. It is here that adjoin the southern and Northern flora endemic.
For tourists, developed many routes, Hiking extreme. There are horse trails and ski entertainment, which leave a great traveller comments.
A Mountainous country of the Alpine type. The Dzhugdzhur ridge height up to 1800 meters is a watershed of rivers that flow into the sea of Okhotsk and the Arctic Ocean. Conservation areas are island in the sea of Okhotsk, a resting place for migratory birds. Many rivers and lakes serve as spawning ground of fish.
The largest reserve in Khabarovsk Krai was created in 1990. Its area 859 956 hectares, which is twenty two times more than the area of Khabarovsk. The reserve's flora includes 280 species, the fauna includes 210 species. Impassable places, lack of transport, communication and electricity – the issues that remain to be addressed.
A young reserve in the Khabarovsk Krai, it was founded in 1997 to protect nesting sites and routes for many species of birds. The topography and landscape of all 103 600 ha monotonous and refers to wetlands. The vegetation of the marshes is unique.
At the lake in the spring Albita see up to 150 thousand birds. From here leads a route for tourists called "Bird Perekriostok”. Very picturesque complex in the village of juna recreates the life and culture of native indigenous people - Nanai.
Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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