Cancer of potatoes: pathogen and ways of transmission, ways of dealing

Date:

2018-03-18 00:20:12

Views:

293

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

In the cultivation of potatoes a face with some diseases of culture. Often tubers of plants affects cancer. The causative agent of this disease is a fungus belonging to the group of biotrophic bacteria. It should be noted that cancer of a potato-quarantine disease, can partially or completely destroy the crop.
cancer potatoes

Distribution

For the First time cancer potato was identified in 1888. Today this disease has spread almost throughout the territory of Europe. Less often disease is common in America, New Zealand and Africa.

In our country the cancer of potatoes have been seen in many regions where grown this culture. Especially susceptible to this disease the plants are planted in home gardens. Less exposure to cancer-susceptible crops southern and Northern regions.

It is Worth noting that the disease spread in Russia during the great Patriotic war. The fungus is capable of hitting not only the potatoes. Such microorganisms may ruin the harvest of peppers, beets, eggplant, tomatoes and so on.
 plant quarantine

General symptoms

Cancer of potato tubers is easy to recognize, because the disease has pronounced symptoms. However, to detect signs of illness should be timely. Otherwise, the infection will spread rapidly.

With this disease, tubers are covered with growths that begin to grow from buds. Externally, these tumors resemble the florets of cauliflower. The size of the growths can range from millimeters to tens of centimeters.

Recommended

The most effective methods of seed germination

The most effective methods of seed germination

Despite the fact that the method of seedling in vegetable production is a very time consuming process, it is used by most gardeners. Planting seeds in open ground is an easy and convenient method, but it is effective only in certain climatic zones. I...

Retro-reflective paint. The scope of

Retro-reflective paint. The scope of

When the vehicle began to fill the road, their popularity began to gain reflective paint. Thanks to this paint, as drivers and pedestrians becomes much easier to avoid accidents in the dark. Purpose paint Reflective paint – paint material, whic...

How to make icon with your own hands - options izgotovleniya (simple and complex)

How to make icon with your own hands - options izgotovleniya (simple and complex)

In Soviet times, many collecting badges, emblems, pennants. To get them was not easy. And today, thanks to technology, you can make them yourself. Knowing how to make icon with your own hands, and you can make original gifts to your friends, and make...

Initially growths on the tubers have a light yellow tint. Gradually, however, their color changes and becomes dark brown. The growths start to rot and decay.

In some cases the growths occur on leaves and stems just above ground level. The roots of the disease are not affected, since the fungus attacks young tissues of plants. If the conditions are unfavorable for the pathogen, can form leaf-like growths resembling pine cones, and solid crust, very similar to a scab.

If the disease has a corrugated shape, the tubers after infection become wrinkled. On their surface can form nodules, waves and depressions.
when to plant potatoes

The spread of the disease

Potato cancer – a disease that spreads rapidly. In order to timely detect the disease, you must know how is the infection of healthy plants. The spread of fungus caused by the following factors:

  • There are already infected tubers;
  • Tubers and seedlings were grown in the area affected flexible;
  • Contaminated soil was brought to the area together with an economic instrument, which had clods of soil with a parasitic fungus.

Cancer potatoes often occurs in cases when the culture has for many years grown in the same place. The fungus that attacks the roots, can be brought to the site together with rainfall and meltwater. Of particular importance is the manure. If the cattle had been fed contaminated raw potato tubers, the pathogen can get into fertilizer. On a separate piece of the mushroom can be added with planting material.

What is a dangerous fungus

How Easy is it to beat cancer potato? The fungus that causes this disease, is an intracellular organism. The pathogen has a high resistance to external factors. It should be noted that the focus of infection can persist in the soil for 30 years.

During a drought, a pathogen of potato tubers is not able to develop. In the absence of sufficient moisture zoospores just die. When the period of the rains, the soil contamination is faster. It is because of this resistance, cancer is a dangerous disease for many crops. potato cancer

The Danger for man

The causative agent of potato cancer spreads very quickly. However, the disease crops do not pose a human danger. Officially your vegetables are not recognized as harmful products. They are allowed to sell, even despite the fact that such a product is very rapidly losing its appearance and spoils.

Though cancer potatoes for a man not dangerous, experts do not recommend eating contaminated vegetables. In many European countries there are strict limits and measures to eradicate and contain the disease. If the fungus struck at least one plant, the site is considered to be infected. To plant crops on it. In this case, begins to act plant quarantine. The contaminated area is fenced to a safe distance. This allows you to prevent the spread of the pathogen.

Prevention of disease

In Addition to the plant quarantine in this disease using various methods of struggle. However, any disease is easier to prevent than to treat. With the aim of prevention is to carry out the following activities:

  • For planting should be used only tested and healthy planting material;
  • You must consider crop rotation and follow all the rules of crop rotation;
  • In the cultivation of potatoes it is recommended to use varieties resistant to the pathogen;
  • It is not necessary to plant the plants in the contaminated area;
  • After using the equipment and working machines it is recommended to thoroughly clean from lumps of soil.

It is also important to know when to plant potatoes. To planting is recommended in early spring in Sunny and clear weather. Every year a place to grow potatoes, you need to change. The rules of crop rotation must be observed necessarily. Alternate culture with cabbage, grain cereals and corn. This is the major event in agricultural practices that reduce the risk of cancer of the plant.
the pathogen cancer potatoes

Selecting a location for planting

Measures to combat cancer of the potato are quite different. Most importantly, do not be planted in areas with affected soil bulbous plants. This will only aggravate the situation and accelerate the process of dissemination of the fungus. Household and industrial areas usually located at a distance of one kilometer from the fields of seed potato crops.

To reduce the risk of infection of planting material, tubers should be treated with a solution of boric acid. The application of fertilizer when planting in spring is also important. Are usually recommended to use a mineral mix that decontaminate soil and increase the harvest. Also suitable additives of organic origin. The right combination of fertilizer will reduce the risk of plant infection and improve germination of tubers.
cancer potatoes

Quarantine of the land

The causative agent of potato cancer spreads very quickly. Especially if this has created favorable conditions. Therefore, the infected areas are quarantined. Vegetable planting should be inspected regularly. If you notice signs of disease affected plants is removed along with the tops. It is recommended to dig into the soil to a depth of one meter, and sprinkle with chloride of lime. As for the remaining plants, they should not be eaten. The harvest from these areas is recommended to use only for technical purposes. In the presence of the quarantine certificate, the vegetables can be harvested and exported.

The affected area is necessary to strictly observe rules of quarantine. It is forbidden to export the affected vegetables and use them as planting material. It is impossible to fertilize plots to use manure from animals that were fed contaminated products.

What to do when it detects the source of contamination

If there were signs of the source of contamination of plants with cancer, you should immediately go to the nearest farm or in the office. The use of chemical compounds alone in cancer of the potato experts do not recommend as it is very important when working with them to observe. It is better to seek help to those who are working to protect crops from various diseases. To grow potatoes on the affected area is not recommended within 7 years.

What are the varieties resistant to fungus

Planting and growing of potato varieties that have resistance to the pathogen, allows you to pause the spread of the fungus. In addition, these plants help in about 5-6 years to completely clear the fungus from the soil. On infected areas can grow varieties of potato with different levels of resistance to disease. Experts recommend to change grades approximately every 5 years.

Among the domestic varieties most resistant to the pathogen are:

  • Polom, spark, Early yellow, Borodyansky and so on. All these varieties provide an early harvest.
  • As far as domestic mid-season varieties, then their choice is to give preference to such varieties of potatoes as the Light, Lvivske white, Table 19, Savory, filling.
  • Stand out Among medium-Viliya, PhD, Loshitsa, Sulev, Pavlinka and so on.

fertilizer when planting potatoes in spring BE: https://tostpost.com/be/hatn-tul-nasc/5626-rak-bul-by-zbudzhal-n-k-shlyah-raspa-syudzhvannya-sposaby-barac-by.html

DE: https://tostpost.com/de/gem-tlichkeit/5625-krebs-kartoffeln-erreger-die-verbreitung-arten-des-umgangs.html

ES: https://tostpost.com/es/la-comodidad-del-hogar/5631-el-c-ncer-de-la-papa-el-agente-causal-de-las-v-as-formas-de-lucha.html

KK: https://tostpost.com/kk/domashniy-uyut/5628-rak-kartop-ozdyr-yshy-taralu-zholdary-t-s-lder-k-res.html

PL: https://tostpost.com/pl/komfort-domu/5631-rak-ziemniaka-wzbudzenia-sposoby-dystrybucji-sposoby-radzenia-sobie.html

PT: https://tostpost.com/pt/o-aconchego-do-lar/5627-o-c-ncer-de-batata-agente-forma-de-distribui-o-formas-de-luta.html

TR: https://tostpost.com/tr/domashniy-uyut/5632-kanser-patates-uyar-c-bir-yol-m-cadele-y-ntemleri.html

UK: https://tostpost.com/uk/domashn-y-zatishok/5630-rak-kartopl-zbudnik-shlyahi-poshirennya-sposobi-borot-bi.html






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

Connect three buttons switch diagram, features and recommendations

Connect three buttons switch diagram, features and recommendations

you can Control lighting you can use simple devices called switches. They come in different types, which affects their price: there are expensive models with lights, and there are cheap Chinese counterparts, which most people have...

Foil vapor barrier: types and applications

Foil vapor barrier: types and applications

Foil vapor barrier is typically a film with a reflective effect. To reach him failed due to the presence of the metalized layer should face the heat source.Scopethe Described materials used as vapor barrier in high humidity areas ...

Combat pests and increase the productivity of the beds. Boric acid for plants

Combat pests and increase the productivity of the beds. Boric acid for plants

For any gardener-gardener, the most important is to take care of his wards, namely bushes, vegetables, fruits that grow in the area. However, to achieve a good harvest wants every one of us, even if there is a special love for cou...

How to make a porch with their hands to make the neighbors jealous

How to make a porch with their hands to make the neighbors jealous

the House without the porch like a chicken without eggs, like a sheep without a lamb, like a love without a heart. Here these rhymes, you can start a story about an important part of the house-the front porch. It is nice to relax,...

Stand for TV: types, description, installation

Stand for TV: types, description, installation

Stand for TV – a significant element of the interior. As part of the overall design of a room, it carries an important functional load. Therefore, her choice should be approached with great responsibility.functionality stand...

How to grow watermelon in Siberia: tips gardeners-professional

How to grow watermelon in Siberia: tips gardeners-professional

If the gardener asked the question: "How to grow watermelons in Siberia?" he should know some features of cultivation of heat-loving varieties of plants suited to their conditions.In Central Russia and in Siberia the cultivation o...