Marbella (Spain) – the most popular resort in the Mediterranean located in the province of Malaga. It is an ancient Iberian settlement managed to visit not only the Roman port, but also the Arab Fort. With the development of the tourism industry is a small fishing town into one of the luxury resorts in the world. According to the 2010 census, Marbella is home to 136 322 people, but in June-August (the period “high” of the summer season), this figure increases to 700,000.
The Municipality of Marbella (Spain) – the second largest town in the province of Malaga. Its area is 143,3 square kilometers. The length of the coastline – twenty-six kilometers.
From the influence of continental air streams protects Marbella Sierra Blanca (part of the system of the Cordillera of betika). It determines the mild climate is the best suitable for spending a wonderful vacation. The average annual temperature is eighteen degrees Celsius, and Sunny days during the year not less than 320.
The Resort of Marbella (Spain) is bounded: in the North – the municipalities of Ojen and Istan, in the North West – Benahavis, on the East – Mijas, to the West – Estepona. Through the city flows several rivers – Rio Guadalmina, Rio real and Rio Verde. Thanks to the reservoir at the last Marbella well of fresh water.
The ecosystem of the hillsides that surround the city, are coniferous Mediterranean forests, where you can also see ferns, eucalyptus, cherry and chestnut trees. With regard to fauna of the nearby woods, it has a diversity of species – and there are mountain goats, and foxes, and deer, and rabbits. In addition, it is possible to see badgers, Martens and squirrels. The mountain is inhabited by a large number of birds-falcons, vultures, eagles, hawks.
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Marbella (Spain) – a place with a mild climate, convenient coastline, pine forests with plenty of wildlife, vast caves. Not surprisingly, these areas have attracted lots of people. The remains of prehistoric man were found in caves located in areas Nagueles Las Chapas. Archaeologists have found confirmation of the fact that Marbella was developed in the Paleolithic age. Among them stone tools and rock paintings made with red paint and miraculously preserved the brightness to our days.
Before the eighth century BC these lands came the Phoenicians, the local Iberian tribes who lived mainly along the rivers Rio Verde and Rio real, were under the rule of the Kingdom of Tortes.
The Phoenicians built in the occupied territories, the steel plants and established iron mines. All this is confirmed by the characteristic transformation of the landscape. In addition, the Phoenicians produced Royal purple from marine molluscs.
As historians assume, in the ninth century BC (the period of Carthage) Marbella was a trading post and was called Cerro Torron.
Officially proven that in place of the Old town (the historic quarter of Marbella) there was a Roman settlement of Salduba.
From the time of the Visigothic state (the period of existence – 418-718.) survived the Foundation of an early Christian Basilica VEGA de Mar and the necropolis.
During the reign of the Muslims the whole of Andalusia was part of the Cordoba Caliphate. Thanks to the Arabs was seriously fortificated city walls built of Marbella and the Alcazaba. The local population engaged in the cultivation of mulberry and figs, manufactured silk and developed agriculture.
When the power of the leaders of the Cordoba Caliphate began to weaken, in the state of al Andalus was a small separate kingdoms – Taifa. Marbella some time was one of them, but soon came under the influence of the Taifa of Algeciras.
On January 29, 1485, Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon – the Catholic kings – sent troops from Seville to Granada the Emirate – the last stronghold of the Spanish Muslims. Before the assault was planned to take Malaga, who played the role as the main sea gate of Granada. Before this, the intermediate target had two well-fortified strongholds – Marbella and Ronda. During the last siege of Ferdinand II sent a message to the defenders of Marbella with a demand to surrender. When the Arabs learned that the Christians took Arcos de La Frontera and successfully precipitated Rhonda, they put forward their own terms of surrender, asking a month for reflection. The king gave them a two times less time.
Marbella surrendered without blood. This occurred on 11 June 1485 – in the day when honor the memory of Saint Bernabe. Since he is the patron Saint of the city. For many hundreds of years, local residents celebrate the liberation of their lands with a special scale.
After the departure of the conquerors Marbella (Spain) was noticeably transformed. So, actively new buildings were built, there was the main square of the city – Orange, was built Fort San Luis and the Church of the Holy Christ.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century in Marbella were discovered deposits of iron ore. Thus started the era of industrialization. In addition, actively develop the agricultural sector.
The end of the nineteenth century was a difficult period for the region's economy. Because of the high cost of charcoal, the price of local steel were higher than those of competitors applying in the production process of coking coal. In addition, viticulture – the main area of agriculture – was struck by grape plague.
On the General background of poverty became dramatically stand out group of oligarchs, the middle class did not exist as such.
Within the framework of total economic crisis, the local authorities decided to focus on vacation in Marbella (Spain). Has been actively developing tourism infrastructure. The first hotel ("Comercial") opened its doors in 1919. The proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic and the Civil war 1936-1939 stirred up the whole country. Small Marbella also are unable to stay away from major historical events, so the process of construction of the hotels was for some time suspended. The city has entered a new stage of development of the tourism sector in the 1950-ies.
Of Particular interest are the ruins of the Alcazaba, built during the reign of the Arabs. The unique monument of architecture has more than nine thousand years.
Around the Central square are interesting buildings of the Renaissance – the house of the Corregidor, town Hall and the Chapel of Santiago.
Religious centre of the city – the area in front of St. Mary's Church of the Incarnation, built on the site of an Arab mosque.
This historic area is located between the Old town and the promenade. The hotel also has a Botanical garden of amazing beauty. On the promenade you can see a collection of ten sculptures by Salvador Dali.
More remarkable Than in Marbella (Spain)? A visit to the oldest lighthouse always admiring. This ancient structure is situated opposite the sea port, West of Avenida del Mar. On the marble promenade and countless restaurants. At the port in our days operates an entertainment complex. In addition, in Eixample is a summer city theater, Park and recreation area.
In the area built the most luxury residence – Palace of Fahd, hotels ‘the Puente Romano” and “Marbella Club”. The area is a four kilometers of the Avenue, which separates downtown from Puerto banús.
The area was built during the tourist boom of the 1960s on the site where once was located the ironworks. Currently, there is an agricultural colony and Botanical garden "angel."
Previously, the area was agricultural. On its territory housed sugar cane plantations, vegetable fields, citrus orchards. The oldest construction is the building of a sugar factory. Close to the promenade of San Pedro are some of the most important archaeological sites of the city – early Christian Visigothic Basilica and Roman baths.
Currently, the territory of this district archaeological excavations of the ancient Phoenician settlement located on a headland in the mouth of the river Rio real. Already discovered unique lamps and ceramic tableware, decorated with inscriptions in ancient Greek.
According to the tourists in Marbella, the locals love to have fun. For example, the city's main holiday-the day of Saint bernabé – celebrate for the whole week. Celebrations are held both day and late evening. All the residents dress up in national costumes.
In the period from July to October, celebrate the holidays at Paradise...
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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