Why in the literature the prototype? What is the collective image?


2018-09-19 05:00:18




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You Can guess that all the main and secondary characters of literary works was not invented by the author, and drawn from real people. If all the characters of the authors were pure fiction, it is unlikely that the product would be of interest to the reader. A fictional character is perfect, and it's interesting.

The Concept of the prototype

Each character of a literary work has a counterpart in real life. This can be the writer who created a masterpiece, acquaintances or relatives, and even interesting historical figure. These people can be called the prototypes of literary characters.

the prototype of what is
What is a prototype in the literature? This is the original image, known to the writer in your life or in history books, which are borrowed character traits and appearance to create a literary hero. At the same time, the writer may invent a character, to Refine and complement his personality. Often a writer creates a literary image so, when choosing a prototype, what is the coincidence with a real person is not entirely accurate.

The Prototype in realistic literature

Often on the idea of the writer appears prototype, which from beginning to end repeats way of life and actions of the author. Such works are the most realistic, because to fully absorb the lifestyle and attitudes of the heroes of that era. Refer to this prototype writer has in his autobiographical works.

A Few prototypes – a collective image

There are so-called generalized characters. This is when the prototype of the hero of not one, but several of them. Creating a literary image, the author takes various features from different people. A vivid example is the poem of M. Y. Lermontov «Hero of our time”, where I-is a collective image.


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Children's literature

For children, you select the prototype that such a work becomes reading the child is understandable, because the main character – a child. The young reader is quite clear his actions. And why are the characters-the children? Often prototypes become children's writers. So there was Alice Selezneva in “the Mystery of the third planet" girl Morocco in the works of K. Chukovsky.

what is a prototype in the literature

The Daughter of Lewis Carroll's Alice became the prototype of the heroine in the novel "Alice in Wonderland". Often a story seems incredible and very interesting, and the characters ' names coincide with the names of the original and his friends. Sometimes readers can be considered a prototype. That such a thing can give in the analysis of works? Reading a literary work, I want to know what kind of person the author wrote off characters, whom they resemble. It helps to feel the idea and theme of the text.

But the prototype (what is the meaning of this term we discussed above), it may not want the scandal to his name. So sometimes readers are only left to guess and to build a theory about the prototype of a hero.

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