From ancient times to the present day one of the main occupations of the person remains animal. To explain this fact is simple enough: from animal a person receives valuable meat, milk, wool and leather and other raw material category.
In different countries historically bred different animals to meet the needs of the population, but sheep are frequently the most common. This is due to the high “operating” the qualities of these animals: they are very unpretentious to the conditions of keeping, feeding and breeding. Sheep breeding since ancient times, worked in areas where other types of Pets simply could not find the desired amount of feed in free-range conditions.
There are different breeds of sheep: Hissar, Romanov, sheep varieties… just too many to remember! Each is good in its own way.
Some breeds produce a large number of high-quality meat, some of them are famous for twins and high-quality skins, and others are cultivated for the delicious fat, which is widely used for cooking pilaf and other culinary dishes. Let's look at what varieties are classified all the animals of this species (classification is by type of wool):
Let us Examine the most notable and beneficial content in terms of infield breed of sheep. Photo and name of each are also present in the following material.
First we will talk about those legendary animals that thrive and multiply even in conditions of Central Russia, what about other breeds of sheep will not say. The formation of this species occurred on the territory of the Yaroslavl region, so our climate is perfectly adapted animals.
Contrary to some historical legends, created the breed exclusively peasants. Over many centuries of painstaking breeding in their backyards appeared quite large animals. Weight of sheep reaches 100 pounds, the weight of the females is 70 pounds.
The Maximum meat yield from the carcass is 47 %. For the year of sheep removed about three kilograms of coarse wool, with ewes – and a half-two times less. Each female brings at least two lambs at a time, but not so rare cases the birth of five fingers! No wonder these animals are willing to acquire foreigners in order to increase the multiple pregnancy own sheep. And another important point. Unlike its other cousins, “the Romanovka” often give birth twice a year, which further increases their value.
These animals in our country are not so common and not too well known, but they are definitely worth to be known to as many people as possible, interested in sheep. What is the reason? Now we will tell all!
As the above species, this species belongs to the coarse. Sheep have meat-fat, the thrust created by “national selection” on the territory of Kazakhstan. Selected only those animals, which by their Constitution and most other parameters were well suited for the harsh conditions of nomadic life of the local people. I must say that this approach gave great results!
Edilbaevskoy sheep are equally well tolerated the winter cold and summer drought, well-kept long passages, and have a unique ability to fatten up on poor dry feed, saline pastures.
The best Weight of sheep reaches one and a half tons! Of the uterus such outstanding results not shown, but still can please the 80-90 pounds of weight. Lambs in just one only the first month of life can feed up to 17 pounds, and at the age of six months (under normal conditions of feeding), sometimes reach a weight of 50 kilos.
In addition, edilbaevskoy breed stands out among the meat-fat varieties of their milk productivity. Each uterus gives approx 150 litres of milk per year, but some sheep can please the owners of 200 liters. The product has a wonderful taste and nutritional qualities, and therefore actively used in cooking.
On thisvarieties we will focus in more detail. It should be noted that among the variety of types of Hissar breed sheep stands out. Worldwide they are known as the biggest animals we consider "family". However, everything in order.
It is believed that the animals of this breed are also recognized leaders in the output of quality meat and fat. In addition, they have excellent stamina and splendidly-developed immune system. Finally, Hissar breed of sheep is well suited for year-round open content in the harsh environment of mountain pastures. Of course, they have no problem to stand long hauls from the summer pastures to winter and Vice versa. Incidentally, one such transition may exceed 500 kilometers.
In Addition, the Hissar breed sheep, being similar in this Romanovskii with their relatives, often used as a “donor” to improve other forms of these animals. Homeland "of gussarov” is considered to be Tajikistan, but they are actively bred in Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and southern regions of our country. Unlike other breeds, these sheep are divided into three subtypes. Let's look at each of them separately.
The Main characteristics of sheep of this type:
These sheep are eye-catching rump, which in most cases pulled up to the level of the back. In the case of exceptionally greasy variety it's like a big bag, which outstanding representatives of the breed is approximately one-third of the whole body.
Note that the Hissar breed of sheep represented in Russia mainly the first category, since the fat-tail in our country not too popular, and for feeding such animals requires a sufficient amount of starchy feeds, making their content in our conditions is not too lucrative.
Animals have strong, well developed bones. Height at withers of sheep is often more than 85 centimeters, the females this figure is in the range of 75-80 cm (also a lot). What else is different Hissar breed sheep? Photos will show that they have a splendidly long, dry limbs (they are somewhat similar to racehorses). In addition, the animals are very impressive look because of its elongated body, which contrasts with the strong and broad chest.
The head of the brute, his nose aquiline. All hornless animals (i.e., horns they have, in principle). The neck is fairly short, ears – long, "spreading". The mass of the fat tail from the sebaceous varieties can reach about 40 pounds. The sheep's weight can reach 190 kg. of the Uterus weigh less, but the sheep would have been easier to 80 pounds, it is difficult to find.
First, Hissar breed gives very scarce “harvest” of wool. Moreover, even by the standards of fat-tailed sheep, it is very hard and rough. Even the sheep annual production does not exceed 1.5 kilograms (at best), uterus give no more than a kilogram. In addition, the hair of the females contains an extremely high percentage of guard hair and the dead hair (from 18% to 34%), for males this figure is between 11 to 24 %. It is no wonder that this raw material comes exclusively to the production of coarse felt. As a rule, the Hissar sheep is either black, or dark red.
For the past quarter century, the breed's numbers declined markedly for the first time. So, in the early 90-ies of the last century, there were 497 084 heads, and more than 90 % of them were fully purebred. Today, sheep of this breed there are about 460 thousand, and breeders are very concerned that every year a growing number of hybrids, i.e., not pure-bred animals.
In Addition, the Hissar sheep (photo presented in the article) are clearly in need of "improvement" aimed at increase of multiple pregnancy and the quality of the wool, but to do this (after the collapse of the Soviet Union) has become a simply no, because the institutions of the livestock was destroyed. Currently, the only hope for individual sheep farmers, which do not allow the breed to finally mingle with the other varieties of sheep, maintaining the purity of their gene pool.
However, some researchers say that no improvements (in terms of performance) of Hissar sheep in Russia and other States do not need. This opinion is based on the fact that the breed – not farmed for a few decades and created as a result of centuries of directional selection. Such a view has the right to life, but if the situation persists with the random incest, to anything good it will not.
Among other things, the uterus does not have high fertility, two lambs in one litter is almost never. However, this circumstance is quite decent kompensiruetmilk yield: 1,8-2,3 litres of rich milk in one day. Just a couple of months, some prominent representatives of the breed can give up to 200 liters of the mentioned product.
Regardless of belonging to a particular subtype, contain sheep equally. It should only be noted that more or less deep snow cover they do not like, and therefore should change pastures depending on the season. In addition, you need to be careful with wet food. Like other fat-tailed breeds, these animals prefer dry food and less dry pastures.
In principle, the intense cold they are also not terrible, but it is desirable to have at least a simple canopy under which the animals could shelter from the strongest gusts of wind. Note that the sheep of this breed is strictly contraindicated drafts. In General, the other features they have.
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