"To each according to his needs, from each according to ability" - the main slogan of communism

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2018-04-18 10:00:37

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Scientific communism in the USSR was the subject of a compulsory for all the students of higher educational institutions. Teachers specializing in bringing its tenets to the minds of the young generation, considered him the main discipline, without knowledge of which any young professional man was considered uneducated and not sufficiently educated. In addition, each graduate student was required to learn the articles of the Constitution of the USSR, which set out the basic principles of communism, the cherished goal of all Soviet society. But it still need to be reached, and yet people lived in conditions of developed socialism.

each according to his needs from each according to ability

The Role of money

Under socialism, Money has not been canceled, all of them aspired to earn. It was assumed that one more of them, that works better, and therefore good rely. The highest phases in the development of public relations proclaimed socialism and communism. The differences between these formations, however, was very serious. Understanding of them in society ranged from primitive (no money, take it in the store what you want) to the highly scientific (create a new person, the add-a-basis material-technical base, etc.). The task of the propagandists was difficult - needed to find some Golden mean, as the masses did not own the majority of ‘science of Sciences", and they were the main target of the propaganda. The most simple principle of modern life established in “Stalinist" of the Constitution. It is clearly mentioned that everyone is obliged to work to the best of their abilities, and rewarded it will be invested according to the common cause work. About the same formulated postulate of Soviet life, and the main act of 1977.

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public property

Sources

Even the most dedicated supporters of Marxism was forced to admit that Communist ideas are not originated in the brilliant mind of the author of the most progressive theory, but are the result of synthesis "three pillars" of the taken from "three springs" as is told in one of his works V. I. Lenin. One of the life-giving keys science was utopian socialism, whose founder was a French sociologist and philosopher Saint-Simon. We all owe him widely known expression that became the slogan of the socialist world order: "Each according to their need, from each according to ability”. Earlier, Saint-Simon wrote the same and Louis Blanc in an article on the organization of labor (1840). And before the equitable distribution of the product is preached Morelli (“Code of nature…”, 1755). Karl Marx quoted Saint-Simon in the "Critique of the Gotha programme” in 1875.

socialism and communism the differences

The New Testament and the principle of "to each according to his needs, from each according to ability"

If you study the progress of human thought regarding the proportional contribution of received goods, you can be sure that paraphrased the motto of the Marxists is, even in “New Testament” declaring, everyone should receive what he needs. This is almost the same as “to each according to his needs, from each according to ability”. The only difference in the wording. Thus, the slogan of a Communist society articulates the new Testament of Christian love to the detriment of social justice.

What to do with the property?

The key difference between socialism and capitalism is inherent in this system is public ownership of the means of production. Any private enterprise is considered in this case, the exploitation of man by man and punished according to the law in criminal proceedings. Public under socialism is that which belongs to the state. And idealistically-minded utopians like Thomas more, Henri de Saint-Simon, and closer to us chronologically, Marx and Engels believed that any possession in a perfect human society is unacceptable. In addition, the government under communism is doomed to extinction because of its uselessness. Thus, both private and personal, and state public property should completely lose the meaning. It remains only to speculate about what the structure will be engaged in the distribution of wealth.

Triune task as a mirror of the revolution

Marxism-Leninism pointed to the fact that for a successful transition to higher social formation it is necessary to solve a triune task. In order to avoid any disputes in the division of the social product, requires absolute abundance, in which the benefits will be so many that they will last at all and still remain. Next is not everyone understood the point about the formation of particular social relations inherent to communism. Not clearer the third component of the triple consists in the creation of the new man, which all the passions transcend him the luxury of not necessary, he is content with enough, and only thinks about the benefit of society. That's when all three parts come together, at the same moment will be passed the dividing line between socialism and communism. Differences in the approach of the solution of the triune task was observed in different countries, from Soviet Russia to Cambodia. Without success, none of the experiments.

Communist society

Theory and practice

Of Communism the Soviet people were waiting since the early sixties. According to the promise of the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU N. S. Khrushchev, the eighties in General will create conditions in which society will begin to live by the principle of “to each according to his needs, from each according to ability”. This did not happen immediately for three reasons, corresponding to all the three principles of the triune task. If in the eightieth year of the twentieth century, the Soviet Union began to divide the social product, then the conflict would have ended. This was confirmed later, during the mass privatization in the nineties. Relationships, too, as it did not work, and about the new man… it turned out very tight. Hungry for the material goods of the citizens of the former great country was in the grip of the opposite ideology that preaches greed. Managed to realize the desire for enrichment not for everyone.

Communist ideas

In summary

Communist society has entered into human history as one of the great unrealized projects. The scale of the attempts of radical transformation of all previously established principles of social organization in Soviet Russia was unprecedented. The centuries-old way the new government was broken, and in their place erected a alien to human nature of the system, in the words of preaching universal equality is at once divided the population into "higher” and “low”. In the first years after the revolution, the inhabitants of the Kremlin began to seriously think about which car is the king's garage for more befit occupied by the party rank. Such a situation could not lead to the collapse of the socialist system in a historically short period of time.

basic principles of communism

The Most successful principle of “to each according to his needs, from each according to ability” observed in the kibbutzim, public farms established in the territory of the state of Israel. Any of the inhabitants of such a settlement may ask to provide him some household item, stating the need arose. The decision taken by the Chairman. Is please not always.

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