Uppercase and lowercase letter – letters daily used for writing. The first is a capital letter (large), and the second smaller (small).
Initially, when writing used only capital letters, where the boundaries (upper and lower) were clearly defined. Over time, cursive writing developed, letters have gained a more rounded shape. Thus arose the foundations of the so-called minuscule letters of the Carolingians, which was developed by the scholar Alcuin. Used it at the court of Charlemagne, and eventually spread this letter all over Europe. So for the first time a single text was to contain uppercase and lowercase letters.
Uppercase and lowercase is one of the most challenging problems of the modern Russian spelling. The constant change of reality entails a change of writing these letters. So you need to constantly study the new publications of handbooks and dictionaries that must necessarily reflect such innovations.
But, despite this, there are basic principles of the use of uppercase and lowercase letters. They help to understand the writing big and small letters even if a word in the dictionary is missing.
Written With a capital letter:
The Lowercase letter is written if it is a part:
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Lowercase letter written in the names:
Having Studied the above rules, there are basic principles on which used uppercase and lowercase letters. So:
1) Lowercase letter is written to nick-names lowercase-names-morphological principle.
2) the capital letter is written in the common names, endowed with a special symbolism or pathos (People, Fatherland), in the names of holidays (New year, Victory Day) – semantic principle.
3) the capital letter is used in abbreviations composed of the first letters.
As already mentioned, the lowercase letter is written in adjectives that contain the suffix -SK- denoting identity and formed from proper names. Therefore, "Pushkin's prose" is written in small letters. But the possessive adjectives with the suffix -SK- with a value name in honor of someone's memory, are written with capital letters. For example, "Lomonosov readings".
In connection with the rapid development of information technologies, wide popularity was received by the Microsoft Office Word, which is almost indispensable in the labour and educational process. But few people know how to make lowercase from uppercase, and Vice versa with one click of some keys.
So, write in capital letters the following text:
"the LOWERCASE LETTERS of the RUSSIAN ALPHABET".
Now you need to highlight the text and press Shift and F3 simultaneously. After that, we get:
"the lowercase letters of the Russian alphabet".
After pressing combinations of these keys will receive the following:
"the Lowercase Letters of the Russian Alphabet".
And to revert to the original text, again to press Shift+F3.
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