The concept of Science in Philosophy


2019-10-05 04:00:25




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Science – view  of human cognitive activity aimed at obtaining and the development of objective, valid, and systematically organized knowledge about the world. In the course of this activity is a collection of facts, their analysis, systematization and subsequent synthesis on the base of available data of new knowledge that allow for scientifically predicting the future.

The Concept of science, in philosophy, is one of the most important places. Science is the main form of understanding the world. For a philosophical vision of the world, you must have some idea about science, about what it is, how science works, how it develops that she is available to be hoped for thanks to her accomplishments.


The Concept of science in philosophy consists of its definition, objectives, ideological basis (paradigm), a complex of ideas and concepts of what constitutes science, etc. this also include problems of scientific ethics – the system of rules governing the relations of people in the field of scientific research.

Any ideology is design data obtained experimentally, regarding the interactions between people or with nature. Almost always the truth, associated with errors. Check the ideological postulates of empirical methods is a quite challenging task.

The Concept of science in philosophy is defined as a sphere of human activity, whose main function is to develop knowledge of reality in an objective way. Science is a form of social consciousness. It includes activities for the acquisition of new knowledge, itself the sum of all knowledge that are the basis of the world picture. Science also understand a separate branch of scientific knowledge.


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The System of Sciences in philosophy, is divided into social, natural, humanitarian and technical. She was born in the ancient world, but as the system began to take shape in the 16th century. In the course of its development it became an important social institution, necessary to society and providing for its operation a huge impact.


Historically separate Stages of development of philosophy of science. This philosophical discipline began to develop along with positivist doctrine. It was the first time there is an urgent need to study language, logic and methods of the exact Sciences. In different stages the main problems of the study were allocated different phenomena, discussed different topics and not have unity in opinion that to include in the concept of science in philosophy.

In the positivist philosophy (in all three phases) the main task of philosophy of science was the understanding of the nature of scientific theories in General, attempts have been made to determine its structure, means of knowledge. At this time there is the problem of the growth of scientific knowledge.

In the subsequent stages of the formation of the philosophy of science positivists  more and more departed from the actual content of scientific theories. The logical-positivist doctrine in General has actually gone in metaphysics, moving away from science. Neopositivist  continued to rely on empiricism. They reduced philosophy to logic of science. Postpositivist tried to analyze the impact on the development of science ‘non-scientific" factors (cultural, spiritual, social). At this stage, science has begun to interact with the social environment. Since then, the science has become to philosophers perspective and interesting subject. The theory of neopositivists and postpositivist remain relevant to date.

There is such a thing as The problems of philosophy of science. It is understood the problems of the growth of scientific knowledge, the study of the emergence of science and its development at each stage of social development. Philosophy of science seeks to develop the ideological guidelines for the solution of these problems. The main problem of the philosophy of science is the problem of the emergence of scientific knowledge. Generally, all the problems are divided into three groups: problems of philosophy of science, deriving from the peculiarities of philosophy; problems inside the science; the problem of interaction of philosophy and science.



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