The Provision of civil law to its subjects the opportunity to participate in a variety of relations is conditioned by the establishment of special boundaries. Thus one of the determining factors in the designation of such a framework are the objects of civil rights. But what are they?
Concept and types of objects of civil rights are not only of scientific interest. Great their practical value, due to the fact that in the modern world, economic interests play a leading role. And, therefore, it is necessary to understand how the regulation of objects of civil rights.
Concept and types of objects of civil rights
If we talk about what the object of civil law, we should say at the outset that it is good, regardless of whether it is tangible or intangible. Therefore, a just remark, that the variety of species is based on the main features which are the objects of civil rights. And they are:
the result of the operation, regardless of human or other forms;
- they are always subject to legal regulation in established by the legislation of the country.
Therefore, provides two classifications of objects:
1. For involvement in civil circulation – fully involved (e.g., household use) partially involved (drugs or weapons) and completely eliminated (nuclear weapons).
2. By nature – things, works and services, property rights and intangible benefits.
It is Worth noting that in relation to each species is assigned a special legal regime, as will be described below.
Types of objects of civil rights
The Main classification of the above today is recognized second. The reason is that such types of objects of civil rights are most often used in practice, both business and legal. And the largest subgroup represent things.
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According to legal science, does it mean only material phenomena. While things may be in its original condition and redesigned by man for their own needs. It should be noted that it refers to things the first, presented in this article classification according to the degree of involvement in civil circulation. As are objects, the things also have other subspecies, to whom I attribute the division into:
- real estate (land, buildings, water bodies) and movable;
- indivisible (the division which may cause deterioration or reduction in disrepair) and divisible;
- certain generic characteristics (vegetables, cars) and individually defined (Aivazovsky painting);
- simple and complex (the latter lose its purpose if disabling any part). A vivid example can serve the enterprise as a property complex;
- non-consumed (means of transportation) and consumption (food, raw materials for heating);
- the accessory and the main thing – such as car and bus;
- the separation of the qualitative features – production, natural resources, animals and money (and securities)
But the objects of civil rights include two more groups, one of which is jobs and services. Unlike things, their distinction is not always possible. The division is only one characteristic: in what form is the final result – material (work) or intangible (services).
Last fundamental type of objects of civil rights brought intangible benefits. Hypothetically, they are divided into 2 large subgroups – the benefits associated with the person, and the benefits that result from intellectual activity. The first subgroup include basic natural rights of man, and the second – the objects of the rights of authors, industrial property and other institutions related to intellectual property right. Here the fair will be the remark that this category of objects has increased protection beyond the civil law.
Thus, the knowledge theory that constitute specific objects of civil rights, promotes effective and legitimate participation in the economic and social revolution.
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