Pain is an unpleasant sensation, which is accompanied by emotional experiences caused by real, potential or psychogenic damage to the tissues of the body.
The Value of pain lies in its signaling and pathogenic functions. This means that when the body there is a potential or actual threat of damage, he said it's brain with unpleasant (painful) repercussions.
Pain are divided into two types:
Types of pain
The defeat of the soft tissues, bones, muscle spasm
The Defeat parenchymatous and hollow organs, hyperextension, the carcinomatosis, serous membranes, ascites, hydrothorax, and constipation
Damage (compression) neural structures
On the localization of pain are:
Headache – one of the most common types of pain.
It is divided into the following main groups:
Some of the groups have their own subtypes. But even so, to make a diagnosis using the classification of pain according to the nature of the course and pathophysiological mechanisms.
Throbbing headache-like attack. Possible frequent relapses.
The Most common pain is in the acute and chronic form. Symptoms include muscle tension, psychogenic or chronic cephalalgia
Acute or chronic headaches which arose as a result of traumatic brain injury
Appears as a result of changes of condition of the veins and arteries of the skull and brain: stroke subdural or epidural hematomas, and the like
Symptoms can include: low or high blood pressure.
Is the result of drug abuse, drug substances and or alcohol cessation application
The Symptoms: attacks of severe unilateral pain of variable duration and periodicity
Associated with impaired metabolism
The Symptoms are: hypercapnia, hypoxia, hypoglycaemia
Associated with structural changes in the structure of the head and neck
Is the result of various diseases of the neck, eyes, skull, of the mouth and so on
Is the result of irritation of the nerves during endoneural or extraneural process. Characterized by the appearance of zones that trigger pain attack
Other cases unclassifiable
The unusual and “mixed” type
Heart pain cause a lot more cause for concern than others. Because their consequences can be very serious.
Most Often the pain is accompanied by heart:
The pain may be different character:
In the heart receives insufficient oxygen and nutrients. The pain occurs during physical exertion or emotional excitement.
Symptoms: intermittent pain radiating under the shoulder blade, in the left shoulder or lower jaw.
Symptoms: a prolonged, intense pain that is accompanied by sweating, shortness of breath, blanching
This type of pain can be a symptom of such diseases of the heart, like arrhythmias, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, and complicationsintercostal neuralgia
The Pain occurs when various body movements
Acquired heart disease
There is relative insufficiency of coronary blood circulation and disorders of metabolic processes in the myocardium
SymptomsPain in the precordial region (middle and lower part of the chest)
Symptoms: a long aching pain in the precordial region, caused by increased blood pressure
Abdominal Pain is a fairly common phenomenon. It may be of a completely different nature: to be associated with diseases of the digestive system or caused by psychogenic factors.
Classification of pain
Manifested in the form of cramps of varying intensity in the region of the middle part of the abdomen
Long cutting pain, accompanied by tension of the abdominal muscles and increased pain with movement
Caused by a degree of suspiciousness of a person is the result of a stressful situation.
Most Often the pain burning and shooting character, appears when the temperature changes in the environment or touching the pain point.
The intensity in time
Different intensity can be caused by the disease and its characteristics (severity)
The Result of the limited narrowing of the lumen of the intestine.
The Result of the progressive inflammatory process in the abdominal cavity
Lasts from a few minutes to days. Characteristic of new diseases (e.g., inflammation of the Appendix)
Lasts three months or more. Characteristic of chronic diseases: gastritis, ulcer, gallbladder, pancreatitis.
Such diseases as gastritis, is a fairly common phenomenon in the modern world. It is associated with inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach according to the cause of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, as well as unhealthy habits such as Smoking, excessive drinking, poor diet and a stressful situation.
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Symptoms of gastritis
The Acute form
The Simple or catarrhal gastritis
Sudden and severe pain when eating poor quality food or allergic reactions to any product
Erosive or corrosive gastritis
Sudden and severe stomach pain when ingested chemicals in the stomach
The Result of purulent inflammation of the stomach
A Rare form of gastritis, which is the result of blood poisoning.
The Chronic form.
Appears at the primary disease or the transition from acute to chronic
Symptoms of gastritis acute forms:
Symptoms of gastritis chronic forms:
Pancreatitis is the inflammation of the pancreas.
The Result of lesion of the pancreas in children
The Result of the overuse of unhealthy food (fatty, spicy) and alcohol
Symptoms: sharp cutting pain zoster nature, vomiting, weakness
The Disease developsslowly with symptoms such as periodic aching pain in the stomach area, vomiting, nausea
Discomfort in the liver area can be caused by the following zabolevaniyami:
What pain in the liver? The nature of the occurring pain under the right quadrant aching and long-lasting, they tend to grow even with a small physical exercise, eating junk food (fatty, spicy, fried, sweet), alcohol and cigarettes. Can also be nausea, belching and an unpleasant smell from the mouth.
In severe forms of the disease the symptoms of is added to itch in different areas of the body, spider veins, yellowish color of the skin and peeling.
It is Impossible to determine with accuracy the associated pain directly with the kidneys or is it just the echoes of other diseases in the region of the back and right side. We have to identify other symptoms:
Kidney Stones or urolithiasis
The Stones into the ureter and impede the flow of urine, which this goes back to the kidney that leads to its swelling.
Wavy, very strong, can cover not only the right but on the left side, lower abdomen, groin
Kidney infection pyelonephritis
Swelling of the kidneys Occurs due to the ingress of infection by the bloodstream from a focus of inflammation: boil, uterus and its appendages, intestines, lungs, bladder,
A Sharp, aching. Become almost impossible any touch to the area of pain
May result in serious injury or cessation of blood supply to the kidneys due to thromboembolism of the renal artery
A Dull aching.
Nephroptosis or wandering kidney
There is ptosis of the kidney, and it begins to move around its axis, which leads to the kinking of blood vessels and blood circulation. Women have a higher predisposition to the disease.
A Dull pain in the lumbar region.
The kidneys partially or completely cease to perform its work because of violations of water-electrolyte balance in the body
At different stages of pain can vary from dull to sharp.
Myalgia – different localization and origin of muscle pain. What is the symptoms of this ailment?
Myalgia pain are divided into two types:
The Emergence of a sense of muscle pain associated with nervous stress, psychological and emotional overload, overwork, physical exertion, exposure to cold and damp. One or more factors cause spasms in muscle tissue, which, in turn, lead to compression of nerve endings, which provokes the pain.
Also, there are cases when myalgia occurs on the background of chronic fatigue, which leads to the accumulation in the muscles tissues oxidized products of metabolism.
More dangerous scenario where myalgia is itself a symptom of an infectious disease or rheumatism.
A Special item for consideration is the muscle pain after training, which for many athletes is one of the criteria a good exercise.
Types of muscle pain after exercise
One of the symptoms of approaching childbirth-contractions. Description of pain varies from sharp to pull in the lumbar region andapply to lower abdomen and hips.
The Peak of the pain of contractions have on the time when the uterus begins to shrink even more, to reveal the uterine Zev. The process begins with a visceral pain which is difficult to localize. The cervix gradually opens, causing water breaks and the head falls child. It puts pressure on the muscles of the vagina, the cervix and the sacral nerve plexus. The nature of the pain changed to an intense, penetrating and sharp, mostly concentrated in the pelvic region.
Contractions can last from three to twelve hours (in rare cases even longer) and be accompanied by pain of varying degrees. A significant role in their sensations is the mental condition of the mother – you need to understand that this process brings you closer to meeting your baby.
And finally, most psychologists are inclined to believe that a pain – it's our excessive suspiciousness. Even so, no matter what character was your pain, it is better to consult your doctor and get preventive care.
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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