The first signs of bowel cancer at an early stage

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2018-03-17 11:21:06

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The Reason that bowel cancer find often at a late stage, delicacy of the problem. People are embarrassed and don't want to go with the symptoms of cancer of this type to the doctor. This shyness, unfortunately, can cost them their lives. So what are the first signs of bowel cancer at an early stage? How to understand what should be diagnosed by an oncologist?

What is cancer

Cancer is called all malignant tumors. But they are several varieties, the most dangerous among them is cancer, which translated from Greek means "crab". But also the gut impress the following types of cancer:

  • Adenocarcinoma;
  • Colloidal;
  • Signet ring cell;
  • Squamous cell.

You Can meet other undifferentiated forms of cancer.

cancer Cell under the microscope

At its core, cancer is the uncontrolled division of malignant cells, which leads to disturbances in the body, sometimes incompatible with life. But why is this happening that the body begins to literally kill himself?

The Continuous division of cells in the human body is normal. From the beginning of human life all kinds of cells of his body will continually divide, first for growth and then for updates. But the specifics of the growth of cancer cells is that they start to grow wherever nature is not provided, and this occurs as a result of the failure.

Pathological proliferation of these cells called tumors. They can be both benign and malignant. If a benign tumor begins to interfere with the life or health of a person, then it just cut out. But a malignant tumor is more complicated, it is able to give recurrence and metastases. Not get rid of it so easy, and cut out tumors is infinitely impossible, especially since they grow inside the bodies. Metastasis-the ability of cancer cells “travel” on the body. There are metastases in three types:

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  1. Implant – germinate in neighbouring authorities.
  2. Limfopenia – “travel” for the lymph.
  3. Hematogenous “travel” through the circulatory system.

How strong are metastases and stop if they appear again, depends on several factors. The major one is that, as before was diagnosed with cancer. If you start treatment on first and even the second stage, to save man and allow him to live a long life is quite real. But on the third and fourth possible only by miracle, and all treatments are intended to fight for the extra years of life.

Features of colon cancer

The Intestine is a vital organ that is part of the digestive tract. Consists of the following segments:

  • Duodenum;
  • Colon;
  • Cecum and Appendix;
  • Colon;
  • Jejunum;
  • Ileum;
  • The sigmoid colon;
  • Colon.

In the entire length of the gut is the inside is lined with glandular epithelium. And tumors originates in the cells of the epithelium. By implantation of intestinal metastases often penetrate to the following organs:

  • Uterus (in women);
  • Liver;
  • Stomach;
  • The ovaries (in women);
  • Prostate (in men).

The highest risk of colon cancer in individuals older than 50 years. Most often it affects such sectors as the duodenum and video of the colon. Most unfortunate for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer is the sigmoid colon. The rare localization of malignant tumors in the intestine is the cecum.

First signs of colon cancer

Often a malignant tumor of the intestine is degenerated adenomatous polyps. There is rebirth in an average of 7 years and due to genetic failure. It's important to understand that cancer is a hereditary disease and if parents have a history of colon cancer, it is a reason to be periodically checked for this kind of cancer.

Stages

Many cancer occurs in 4 stages. Worldwide adopted the TNM classification, according to which stage the tumor is determined by three following factors:

  1. The size of the tumor, which is measured in T (tumor).
  2. The Presence/absence of metastasis, as measured in M (metastasis), where 0 no, and 1 – presence.
  3. The Degree of sprouting in neighboring organs and tissues, measured in N (node).

After all three indicators, you can already install and stage:

  1. The Appearance of malignant neoplasms in the intestinal mucosa, its size is not more than 2 cm, metastases yet.
  2. Education exceeds the size of 2 cm, the activation of the inflammatory process, the beginning of sprouting in the surrounding tissue.
  3. Active growth of the tumor, the lesions of nearby organs.
  4. Tumor is enormous, metastases also become cancerous and are actively growing.
rectum

Stage 4 at some point and tumor metastasis make the human condition is incompatible with life, comes death. Sometimes this can happen in 3 stages, depending on the location of the tumor. How fast the tumor will move from one stage to another, is an individual moment. Someone all three phases take place in just one year, and someone is only the first stage can last three or more years.

Symptoms stage 1

One of the signs of colon cancer in the early stages is a common diarrhea, or any other disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. Exactly, and they often ignore, not tying in with the chance of cancer.

But not to run after each diarrhea to the oncologist? No, chronic diarrhea and prolonged discomfort even when complying with proper nutrition, that's what should come across a concern. Here is the complete list of the first symptoms and signs of colon cancer at stage 1:

  • Swelling and heaviness in the abdomen;
  • Sudden loss or weight gain;
  • Lack of appetite;
  • Blood in the stool;
  • Instablity chair;
  • Unusual for a person quick the feeling of fullness;
  • Unexplained constipation and diarrhea;
  • Change the color of the chair;
  • General deterioration of health;
  • Anemic without proper reasons.

Inexplicable fever in the evenings and not only is also one of the first signs of colon cancer and cancer in General.

In the first stage, still no pain, and intestinal problems, like indigestion is the only thing to push on the idea of the diagnosis. For starters, you can try to palpate the intestine. But still better to trust the specialist who will prescribe the necessary tests. One of the signs is sure to be an accident, but if he has chronic or more than two, to be diagnosed will not be superfluous. Pay attention to the health of your intestines need and those who are exposed to precipitating factors. The risk of cancer increases six key factors:

  • Age;
  • Chronic bowel diseases, accompanied by inflammatory processes;
  • The presence of benign tumors;
  • Predisposition;
  • Weakening of the immune system;
  • Exposure to carcinogens.

Obvious signs of colon cancer is the stool mixed with mucus. In the early stages all these symptoms are almost invisible if you don't pay attention to it. But the growth of the tumor, all the symptoms will be exacerbated. Yes, and overall health will begin to trouble. But the saddest thing is that the pain that makes immediately run to the doctor, there is usually already at the stage where to save a life is almost impossible.

Early signs of colon cancer in men

All the symptoms sounded typical for the male body. Some specific signs and symptoms of colon cancer for men does not exist. According to statistics they are more likely to suffer from bowel cancer than women, but due to the fact that more frequent contact with harmful substances, drink more and smoke, not because of some physiological characteristics.

colon

After 60 years all men at risk of prostate cancer, and this organ is located in the immediate vicinity of the intestine. Prostate cancer is one of the most metastatic cancers, and colon along with bladder and testicles, is the first target for metastases.

For men the diagnosis is complicated by the fact that they are not psychologically ready to go to the palpation of his intestines someone else and delaying it to the last. After 50 years, every man should make a point once a year to pass inspection at the proctologist and a urologist and to hand over all the necessary control General health tests.

Early signs of colon cancer in women

Women are particularly at risk during those periods when they occur hormonal changes. It happens to them in the following points:

  • Sexual ...

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