The daily routine of a child in 1 month: sleep, food, walking

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2021-11-13 06:37:44

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The daily routine of a child at 1 month is a certain routine according to which he is fed, put to bed, communicate, play, be with him in the fresh air. Pediatricians have developed a different approach to this issue. Some doctors believe that the baby's daily routine should be free, since the baby has its own biological clock. Others are supporters of a clear schedule. From their point of view, everything should be scheduled literally by the minute. How to organize a baby's daily routine, even if pediatricians are not unanimous on this issue?

Firstly, it is necessary to take into account the wishes of the child, it is not necessary to turn a wonderful moment of upbringing into a hard struggle. And secondly, adhering to the routine, the mother will make it easier for herself to care for the baby and provide an opportunity for her own rest. But about everything in order.

The importance of the routine for the child and parents

After the baby is born from the mother's womb, it should be easier for him to get to the outside world. By repeating the same actions during each day in a strictly allotted time, the child will get used to and begin to understand what will follow next. A carefully planned baby's daily routine will allow the baby to determine the periods of wakefulness, sleep, walking, feeding. Psychologists say that a child who has developed a daily routine is less susceptible to whims and stress.

Parents will also be able to plan their schedule more clearly. Just as adults live according to a certain routine that helps to solve all life issues, so the baby's daily routine is able to ease the fate of the latter.

Let's consider the main stages of the first days of the baby:

  • Sleep;
  • Nutrition;
  • Active state;
  • Hygiene procedures;
  • Staying outdoors.

During the first month of a child's life, up to 18-20 hours are allotted for sleep. The baby should be fed on demand, approximately 6 to 8 times during the day and 1-2 at night. In a state of activity, the newborn is only 4-6 hours a day. During this period, parents can conduct hygiene procedures, communicate and play with the child. During walks on the street, the child mostly also sleeps.

Morning time

The question of how to adjust the regime of the day of the baby, worries more than one generation. Every time a long-awaited baby is born, parents find themselves in a little confusion. How to accustom your newborn child to a routine?

Let's start in the morning. Most often, it begins with a mother and a child from 6 o'clock. The baby's daily routine should begin with hygiene procedures. After all, it is necessary to wash the baby. To do this, his face is wiped with a cotton pad soaked in warm water. The eyes are washed from the outer edge to the inner corner. They also wipe the auricles without penetrating inside. If necessary, clean the spout using a turunda. More details about this procedure will be described below.

At 6:30 a.m. - baby food. After half an hour he is put to bed. The baby rests for 2-3 hours, after which a 30-minute period of wakefulness begins. At this time, you should definitely talk to the child, play, sing songs. So during the whole day, feeding and sleeping alternate.

However, how to adjust the baby's daily routine if the child does not follow the planned routine at all? The main thing is not to panic. It should be understood that in the first (after birth) days, the newborn lives according to his schedule, which should be gradually systematized. There is no need to wake up the baby in order not to miss the feeding time. Do not rush to the other extreme - wait for the feeding period if the baby is hungry. Mom should be flexible, but try to follow a certain regime.

Newborn washing

Every morning when the child wakes up, he is washed. It is very important to perform such procedures daily. The kid will quickly get used to them. This is one of the important stages that allow you to gradually implement a carefully planned daily routine of a child in 1 month.

It is better to choose a changing table as a place for care, since it is convenient for placing the necessary devices and objects. The thermal index of the washing water should initially correspond to 37 degrees. For the purpose of hardening, the temperature should be gradually lowered to 25 degrees.

Washing usually begins with cleansing the eyes. They need to be treated with a moistened cotton pad. Gently rub the eye from the outer to the inner corner. The child's nose is wiped from the outside, also using a wet cloth. The inner part of the spout is cleaned with a cotton wool flagellum, performing rotational movements. Boiled water is used for hygienic procedures. It is convenient to clean the ears with similar flagella, removing sulfur from the outer part of the ear canal. It is not recommended to move the turunda inside. Since you are not removing the sulfur, but pushing it deeper into the passage. Ears are cleaned a couple of times a week. The umbilical wound is treated twice a day with hydrogen peroxide (3% solution), then lubricated with green paint.

Power mode

In this matter, the opinions of pediatricians are similar. In accordance with their recommendations, the infant's diet should be subject to the newborn's requirement.

Mothers may hear from doctors that the baby should be kept at the mother's breast 24 hours a day. Of course, it is not necessary to take these words literally. The baby needs to be put to sleep in his own crib and fed at his request. This is especially important for those mothers who have their first child. After all, they have not previously faced the need to plan a child's day regimen in 1 month.

About three decades ago, the babies were fed according to the established schedule. No matter how the child behaved (cried, screamed), they expected the necessary time corresponding to the regime. Some parents still use this rule.

On-demand feeding has its own value, since the mother's body adjusts to the needs of the baby. Milk is produced in the required amount – as much as the child needs. This process begins immediately after the birth of the baby.

It is very important to put the baby on the tummy for a short time before you start feeding. Remember that air enters the baby's stomach when feeding with milk. For its release, the newborn should be held in an upright position after eating for belching. This will simultaneously prevent colic.

Feeding a baby for the first time

Mom still in the maternity hospital needs to master the correct application to the breast of a newborn. A midwife and other staff can help here. The crumb should be put on the side, facing yourself, touch his cheek with your finger. When he opens his mouth, put the nipple as deep as possible into his mouth. The areola must be captured completely.

Feeding a baby for the first time is of great importance for a newborn. The sooner a woman puts a baby to her breast, the sooner he will receive valuable colostrum for him. And it has a very useful composition. It includes immunoglobulins, proteins, vitamins, enzymes necessary for colonization of the intestine, bacteria and hormones. It is worth adding staphylococcal antitoxin to them. Colostrum is very high in calories, even if the baby received it in the smallest amount.

The morning for mom and baby, as a rule, begins at 6 o'clock in the morning, with the first feeding. Then during the day there are five more feedings: 10.00, 13.00, 16.30, 20.00. At 23 hours and 30 minutes, the baby is fed before going to bed at night.

Mom should be prepared for the fact that feeding can last from 30 minutes to an hour. It should not be interrupted without a reason. This process is important for the child, since he is not only saturated with food, but also calms down after the work done.

Walk

We should not forget about the fresh air. Children's doctors recommend taking the baby out for the first walk in the summer 7-10 days after discharge from the maternity hospital. At the birth of a child in the cold season, he is taken outside 3-4 weeks after discharge. This issue is necessarily coordinated with the pediatrician.

At the first exit to the street, the question arises about what clothes the baby should be in for a walk? And what to take with you? Collecting a crumb for a walk, do not wrap it up too much. The baby should not be hot, he should not sweat. It is not necessary to swaddle him tightly, so that it restricts movement.

After all, such a condition will quickly tire the child. In addition, this will lead to a violation of normal air exchange. At the same time, try to dress up the baby according to the weather, so that he does not feel cold outside.

It is better to walk with a small child in a quiet, peaceful place, away from noisy city highways and roads. If the baby feels great on a walk, the time spent outdoors can be stretched from 40 minutes to 2 hours.

As a rule, windy or rainy weather can be somewhat dangerous for walking. Very hot days are also uncomfortable. Despite this, the baby still needs to be taken out into the fresh air. But the stroller should be placed under a canopy.

The correct mode of the baby's day should include two walks. And now let's touch on the necessary things for the baby's departure to the street. Every mother must take with her a sheet and a blanket, spare sliders and a blouse, a warm hat (in the cold period). A bottle with food (expressed breast milk) will be useful on the street, especially if the baby did not want to eat on the eve of a walk.

Bathing baby

Pediatricians recommend arranging air baths for the baby. They promote hardening and prevent diaper rash and sweating. If sleep time has not yet come, it is useful to let the baby lie down without clothes. This procedure can be repeated while changing clothes. At the same time, do not forget to stroke your baby on the back, tummy, and do a light massage. In the morning, you can add charging. Such actions will be very pleasant for the child. You should know that these activities stimulate the development of the child.

While the navel is being tightened, boiled water is used for bathing, adding a solution of manganese (with a thermal regime of water up to 37 degrees). It is not necessary to use soap daily. The head is washed no more than a couple of times in seven days. From time to time, it is recommended to use a decoction of various medicinal plants.

After bathing the baby, treat the umbilical wound. This procedure should be done until complete healing. After bathing, apply powder and baby cream to maintain dry skin and protect against various irritations.

Tempering a child

In order for the child to be healthy, it is necessary to regularly carry out hardening. Air baths are carried out at room temperature from 23 degrees. The baby is placed on a changing table, undressed and allowed to move his legs and arms. Start with 1-2 minutes and gradually increase the procedure time to 5-10 minutes. Consistently begin to reduce the air temperature in the room to 17-18 degrees. Air procedures are carried out starting from the first month of the baby's life.

Systematic walks in the fresh air also contribute to hardening. As previously noted, the baby must necessarily breathe fresh air. Therefore, plan the child's daily routine in 1 month so that the baby walks a lot, if possible.

In summer, the duration of the first walk is up to 17 minutes at temperatures above + 20 degrees. It is recommended to increase the walking time daily by 5 minutes. In winter, the first walk is approximately 12 minutes. The temperature outside should not be below -3 degrees. Every second day, the duration of stay on the street increases by 5 minutes. After a month, the child's walks should last 45 minutes twice a day in summer, in winter their duration should be about half an hour.

Parents should be aware of the great benefits of sleeping outdoors for a small child. A little hint. Upon returning from a walk, you need to check whether the legs and nose are warm. If they are warm, then your child was dressed correctly.

Baby's sleep

Most of the day is devoted to sleep time. In the first month, it is very important to teach the child to the correct schedule of periods of wakefulness and rest. The baby is awake at this time for only 4-6 hours a day.

To teach the baby to the regime, you should listen to the advice given by Dr. Komarovsky. A baby's sleep will not turn into a headache for parents if the latter follow certain rules of preparation for rest:

  • Diligently observe the sleep regime.
  • During the day, sonya needs to be woken up if the child is resting more than the allotted time. Only then will he have a great night.
  • Walk a lot during the day.
  • Ventilate the room regularly.
  • Do not miss the evening bathing, which contributes to a better sleep.
  • Use only high-quality diapers.
  • Equip the crib with a comfortable mattress.

Meals by month

Babies grow up fast. Infant nutrition standards should also change rapidly.

Basic dietary recommendations:

  • 1 month. Exclusively breastfeeding. The baby can stay near the breast for about an hour.
  • 2 month. Also only breast milk. Full-fledged feedings occur, as a rule, after 40 minutes - 3.5 hours. The norm is 3-5 times per night and from 5 to 7 during the day.
  • 3 month. During the day, the baby is fed (breast milk) 6-8 times. And at night - 2-4. There may be a long break in feeding - up to five hours. But this happens quite rarely.
  • 4 month. Feeding remains breastfed. However, at this age, the introduction of complementary foods is possible. This aspect should definitely be discussed with the pediatrician initially.
  • 5 month. The kid may show interest in adult food. He is allowed to give "on trial" (lick) any product. If the child has shown interest in food, then the time of the first complementary foods has come.
  • 6 month . Against the background of breastfeeding, the baby is introduced into the diet of complementary foods.
  • 7 month. Breastfeeding is combined with complementary foods. The baby is happy to suck a piece of apple, a cookie or a steering wheel.
  • 8 month. At this age, the child eats during the day from 4 to 6 times. And at night feeding is reduced to 2 times.
  • 9 month. One of the feedings can be supplemented with "adult" food.
  • 10 month. Throughout the day, the child constantly chews something, with pleasure tastes food from the table of adults.
  • 11 month. The time when a baby can have two full-fledged complementary foods.
  • 12 month. Breastfeeding with complementary foods up to 2 times a day. The kid is happy to try other food.

Such nutrition of infants by months is recommended by pediatricians. However, it should not be forgotten that every baby grows and develops exclusively according to its own laws and rules. If, after trying "adult" food, he shrivels up and does not want to eat it, do not worry. It's just that the feeding time hasn't come yet.

Conclusion

The love and tenderness of the mother will cause the baby to trust and enjoy. A certain mode of the child's day in 1 month will allow him to adapt faster. Remember, the routine will have a beneficial effect on the development of the child's body. It will allow parents and other family members to create the most comfortable conditions.

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