Oliva is a valuable culture, unsuitable for the climatic conditions of our country. And to grow it outdoors only in the Crimea and some areas of the South of Russia. However, growers have learned to breed this valuable culture in the apartments and winter gardens. How to grow an olive tree in the home, you will learn from this material.
The Olive tree-photophilous plant, and the slightest shadow will affect his health and productivity. Therefore, choose the most lighted place. A small instance will be comfortable on the South windowsill.
It is Permissible to grow a plant on the West or East side. But here you will need to highlight the culture bicolanos. In summer, stand the olive on the balcony or loggia. If you live in a private home, stir the pot on the lit area of the garden.
The Olive tree, a photo of which is presented in the article, feels great at room temperature. And house plants are not inferior to the yield of specimens growing in the natural environment.
The Optimal range for culture – 18–22 °C. in Winter it is desirable to lower the temperature to 10–12 °C. As an option, take out a pot with a little tree on the glazed loggia or balcony.
Olive tree (the photo see) – water-loving plant. Therefore, he needs frequent and abundant watering. In the summer, moisten the soil 2-3 times a week. In doing so, ensure water was supplied to the lower roots of plants.
In summer do not forget every day to spray the leaves of the olive tree. Once a week arrange the plant warm shower.
In Winter reduce watering and keep the soil as drying of the upper layer. If the pot with the tree is near a radiator or heating appliances, be sure to spray the foliage.
In the Spring, when the olive tree increases the green mass, fertilize it with a nitrogen-containing fertilizer twice a month. Then the plant quickly formed buds.
In the future, fertilize the culture of the complex mineral products. Experienced gardeners is recommended to feed the tree all spring and summer.
The Plant is very tolerant of formative pruning. Therefore, it is possible to give culture in every form. In addition, be sure to conduct sanitary pruning, which remove all damaged and broken shoots.
To Carry out this procedure better in the spring, when the tree wakes up from its winter slumber. Be sure when pruning remove branches growing into the crown or hindering each other's development. Also, cut out old shoots after harvest give the increase only last year.
With proper care, olive tree grows quickly and roots of plants getting crowded in the old pot. And from a lack of space culture is poorly developed, which affects the quality and quantity of the crop. Therefore, every 2-3 years replant it in a new container.
For wood, choose a clay pot, the size of which is 3–5 inches more than the previous. As for soil, a universal mix for houseplants. As long as it was not sour. If you want to make soil on your own, then mix equal parts of the following components:
Before planting, be sure to disinfect the soil. This will keep him on a steam bath or calcined in the oven. How to transplant an olive
The First time the plant provide gentle care.
Note that, canned olives to grow the culture will fail, because this method is only suitable dried or fresh olives. The shell of the seed hard, and to speed up germination, soak them in alkalinethe solution for 12 hours. Then naderite or slice off the top ends of seeds.
To Grow bone better directly in the compost. This will zaglubit them for 3–5 cm into the substrate and put in a warm and lighted place. Don't forget every day to spray the fit of the gun.
Sprout the fruit of the olive tree from 3 to 12 months. Moreover, seed germination is 50%. So do not expect quick results.
As soon As the sprouts hatch they need to be transplanted in individual small pots. For seedlings select a light breathable soil. Alternatively, use a mixture of peat and river sand. Place the seedlings in a warm bright place, daily spray the fit of the gun.
When the young plants will grow and their roots will entwine the pot, transplant them to a permanent place. And re-pot the seedlings together with a clod of earth, trying not to damage the shoots.
Note that trees grown from seed begin to bear fruit for 10–12 year after planting. To faster to wait for the harvest, breed, an olive by the method of grafting. About how to do it, you will learn in the next Chapter.
A Similar method of reproduction of the olive tree is simple, deal with it and inexperienced gardener. Besides fruit, these plants begin at 2–3 years after planting.
To start cuttings in mid-March when twigs of the plant will get stronger and stronger. For breeding select top shoots with a length of 20 cm and a thickness of 3–4 cm
After cutting soak sprouts 2–3 hours in a solution “Cornevin” or “gap”. Then the cuttings quickly take root. But keep in mind that the growth promoters to be dissolved in just boiled or purified liquid. Because the cuttings olives are sensitive to bacteria in the tap water.
To Grow the sprouts should be in the sand. Then they quickly take root. But if you take river sand, disinfect it before landing. So you can protect the plant from harmful bacteria and pests.
So, how to plant cuttings:
Regularly moisturize landing and do not forget to ventilate the greenhouse. When the sprouts will give the roots, transplant them into the soil. Planted seedlings to a permanent place in late August-early September.
To Grow an attractive olive tree can novice grower. Because the plant is undemanding, and care in the home does not take much time and effort. In addition, each year culture gives a rich harvest of tasty and useful fruit. So if you want to start a home tree, then pay attention to the olive. It will not disappoint you.
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