St. 303 OF THE CRIMINAL CODE. Falsification of evidence and the results of investigative activities


2019-02-09 00:00:31




1Like 0Dislike


Gathering evidence is a mandatory stage of any business. It must respect the principles of legality and validity of actions of the persons involved in the production. Applicable law may not allow the falsification of evidence. St. 303 of the criminal code provides sanctions for the violation of this requirement. Next, consider the features of the crime. article 303 of the criminal code

General structure of falsification under article 303 of the criminal code

This Statute establishes penalties for the substitution of genuine information about. Falsification may occur in the distortion, forgery of information or media.

In part one of article 303 of the criminal code of Russian Federation establishes penalties for falsification of evidence by parties to civil or administrative proceedings. To data subjects are parties, the parties ' representatives, employees, authorized to consider cases involving administrative offences.

In part one of article 303 of the criminal code the sentence can contain one of the following sentences:

  • Fine of not less than 100 rubles (300 thousand rubles) or constituting the income of the perpetrator for 1-2 years.
  • Up To 480 hours of compulsory or up to 2 years of correctional labor.
  • Up To 4 months of arrest.

Criminal proceedings

In part two of article 303 of the criminal code to liability privlekayut:

  • Zashitnik;
  • Sledovatel;
  • Procuror;
  • Doznavatel.

For falsifying evidence these individuals may face:

  • Up To 3 years of forced labor. In addition to sanctions may be limited to the right to work, to be in the positions set by the judge.
  • Up To five years in prison with the additional penalties listed above.

If there was falsified evidence in the case about a grave or especially grave offence, or the falsification resulted in grave consequences, the perpetrators sentenced to seven years in prison with the prohibition on the replacement of posts, implementation of activities defined by the court, up to three years. article 303 of the criminal code review


Means of respiratory protection. Respirator RPG-67. SCBA

Means of respiratory protection. Respirator RPG-67. SCBA

To be able to survive in adverse environmental conditions created with his own hands along with the vagaries of nature, it needs to use special equipment, invented to increase the chances to save life and health. Means of respiratory protection can p...

The passport is the main identity document

The passport is the main identity document

Translated from the Latin “passport” literally means "movement through the gate”. Originally in the middle ages the so-called pass through the main gate of the city. To date, the passport-the main document certifying the citize...

How to make land in the property? The timing, order of execution

How to make land in the property? The timing, order of execution

Today we will try to figure out how to make land in the property. In fact it is not so difficult process. Especially if you prepare. Yes, cases in which the documents will occur according to different algorithms, a lot. But consider they have to the ...


In part four of article 303 of the criminal code fixed the penalty for the persons authorized to conduct investigative work. When the falsification of the results of activities for the prosecution of the subject, obviously innocent, or to inflict damage to the reputation, dignity and honour of persons is charged with:

  • Fine of up to 300 thousand rubles or equal to the income for 1 year.
  • Up To 4 years in prison.
  • A Ban on the replacement of certain posts or exercise certain activities up to five years.

St. 303 of the criminal code with comments

The Object of attacks are public relations related to the provision of judicial purposes. Falsification of materials leading to the adoption of decisions based on distorted, false information. Such regulations do not meet the requirements of validity and legality.

In the analysis of comments to the article 303 of the criminal code it is worth noting that the experts draw attention to the fact that a key indicator of fraud is the fact of the substitution. Therefore, evidence of non-compliance with the provisions of procedure law itself, the offence under consideration the normal forms.

Object acts

They can be:

  • Documents, including powers of attorney, receipts, inspection reports, etc.
  • The Protocols that make up the judicial or investigative action.
  • Physical evidence. For example, to the crime scene knocked up some items in order to substitute their objects relevant to the crime.

Falsification recognized indication in the record about the information and about the fact (for example, about things allegedly found during the search), and about the circumstances of the execution of the event (time of transaction, persons involved, etc.).

A Crime, enshrined in article 303 of the criminal code, shall be deemed completed at the time of presentation of fraudulent evidence to be attached to the case. The recognition of it in the future is invalid shall not affect the characterization of an act as over. falsification of article 303 of the criminal code


The characterization of an act is performed depending on the production in which it was committed. In the first part refers to the falsification of evidence in civil and in part 2 – the criminal process.

The meaning 118 the provisions of the Constitution, civil proceedings can be conducted on the basis of the code of civil procedure, and APK. Therefore, the liability embodied in the first part of the article under review applies to the members of the arbitration process. These findings confirmed by judicial practice under article 303 of the criminal code.

Subjective aspect

Persons charged under the analyzed norm, have special features. These criteria are defined depending on the functions that implement the actors within a specific production. The first part to be responsible to involve civil plaintiff and defendant and their representatives.

According to the CPC, a preliminary investigation performed by the investigator and the investigator (article 151 of the "Jurisdiction"). According to article 303 of the criminal code are prosecuted officials falsifying evidence in the case, in their production. Illegal actions by an entity not referred to in part 2, in the presence of bases may be considered as complicity.

Feature sanctions

In part 2 provided bymandatory sentencing in the form of deprivation of the right to implementation of activities/positions established by the court. The wording of the rules indicates that this penalty may be charged only to the inquirer, investigator, Prosecutor and defender-lawyer. Another person acting in the process as a defender, including a close relative of the accused, shall not be liable for the analyzed norm. article 303 of the criminal code falsification of evidence


The Subjective aspect is characterized by direct intention. Guilty understands that the actions he changes the properties of the information used in the process of investigation or imminent litigation, and wills it so.

The objective of the act may be different. For example, the falsification can be designed to attract the innocent to justice or the fence of the guilty from punishment, for the stakeholders subject material benefit. The motive may be greed, the desire to get promoted, the wrong understanding of the interests of law enforcement, imaginary justice.

Special circumstances

They are fixed in the third part of the analyzed articles. The literal interpretation of the provisions the purpose of fraud does not matter.

Among the serious consequences resulting from falsification of evidence, be called, for example, unlawful conviction, prolonged detention or unreasonable excuse, the perpetrator in the act.

 sentence of article 303 of the criminal code

Operational-search work

The concept, the list of persons authorised for its implementation are contained in the law No. 144.

Investigative work is carried out to:

  • Detect, deter, prevent, disclosure of offences, the detection and identification of citizens, preparing, committing or have committed crimes.
  • Investigation of citizens hiding from the inquiry, court investigation, evading punishment as well as of missing persons.
  • Information about the actions/inactions, events that pose a threat to economic, military, biological, and national security of Russia.

Results of operational-search activities may be information about the execution or non-compliance with specific actions, information about the participants, procedure, timing. litigation under article 303 of the criminal code

Features of the subject composition

As of the persons engaged in the activity of operative-investigative nature, there may be employees of divisions of Department of internal Affairs, FSB, FCS, the Federal Executive authority performing functions in sphere of the state protection, the Federal penitentiary service, bodies of control of trafficking in psychotropic and narcotic drugs and the foreign intelligence service of the defense Ministry. Only specified entities can be punished under part 4 of article 303 of the criminal code. Other participants, tacit employees in particular, can't be charged with a crime. If there is reason to their actions can be qualified as complicity or aiding and abetting.

Not to prosecute for the analyzed norm of private detectives and guards.

Additional information

The Motive of falsification of the results of the activities of investigative nature to make unlawful acts of determining value has not. article 303 of the criminal code jurisdiction

In contrast to the substitution (distortion) evidence of aggravating circumstances in part 4 of article 303 do not stand out. Accordingly, if the use of a rigged result in serious consequences for the victim, the actions of the perpetrator fall within the fourth part of the norms in the absence of composition of a crime.

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

Euro area: history

Euro area: history

a New settlement currency-the Euro-introduced in 1999, Already since 01.01.2002 g. this tender was issued in cash handling in the form of appropriate coins and notes. Today, the Euro area includes countries such as Austria and Bel...

Temperature regimes. The normal temperature in the apartment

Temperature regimes. The normal temperature in the apartment

a Comfortable temperature in the room depends on the feelings of a particular person. In addition, it is directly related to his subjective evaluation and sensitivity to environmental conditions.Such thing as a comfortable tempera...

As sun to in Russia?

As sun to in Russia?

Many foreign residents come to Russia for earnings, formal employment and live in the state with registration of permanent residence with relatives and friends. Pushing for such a step, as a rule, the difficult economic situation ...