Cryptorchidism in children - a congenital abnormality in boys in which are in the scrotum are not omitted one egg, and sometimes both. They can remain in the inguinal canal, in the abdomen or in the upper part of the scrotum. It's a common disorder in pediatric urology, which affects about 4% of full term boys, and about 20% of preterm infants. Such a big difference in percentage stems from the fact that testicles descend into the scrotum late in pregnancy, just before birth. If labor begins prematurely, this phenomenon to happen did not. But most children by the end of the first year of life, the problem disappears by itself as the testicles descend into the scrotum on their own. In other cases it may require surgical intervention as in the future undescended testes can lead to serious consequences such as infertility and cancer.
Below are the visual materials that help to imagine what it looks like affliction.
It is important to know what is the disease in order to identify and begin treatment.
Depending on the location of the testes cryptorchidism klassificeret as:
In most cases, be detected right cryptorchidism.
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After the classification of cryptorchidism a physician decides on the further treatment of the child.
At this time, unknown the exact causes of this disease. The doctors isolated a number of factors that may cause such anomalies in babies:
If in the period of carrying a child revealed at least a couple of the above factors is required to more closely monitor the baby's development.
It is Proved that the observance of a mother mode of rest and nutrition the risk of cryptorchidism in children is significantly reduced.
The Presence of the boy cryptorchidism diagnose urologist. To define this pathology, as a rule, is not difficult. For diagnostics using the following methods:
It Should be noted that palpation of the testes should hold still in the hospital. And if there is popushina, in the certificate of discharge indicates this diagnosis. But an inattentive inspection of this body part in a child leads to the fact that children are discharged without specifying the presence of this problem. In this regard, parents may not know until a certain age that their son needs to be controlled and treatment. When you have a running cryptorchidism, the boy may have problems. It is therefore recommended to explore the groin of the kid, in time to see a specialist.
Here's what you need to pay attention:
It is Important to understand that cryptorchidism is a very serious disease that requires mandatory treatment. The most dangerous complications of the disease include:
When cryptorchidism the risk of infertility increased by 70 % of cases, and testicular cancer is 80 %.
Note that the above complications can occur with total disregard for the treatment or late detection. Otherwise, this illness is quite curable.
The Treatment of cryptorchidism in children begin in the undescended testicle after the age of six months. But mostly, if at birth one or both testicles not in the scrotum, they go there until the baby was one month old. In preterm infants, this period may be extended to 12 months. At this time a very important control of the physician.
The Treatment of cryptorchidism in children possible in two ways:
The conservative method is assigned to the medical treatment of hormonal drugs. Use intramuscular administration of hormones such as gonadotropin-releasing hormone and HCG. In addition, the endocrinologist prescribes some vitamins.
As a result of this method of treatment of prolapse of the testicles can be achieved in 50-60 % of cases. But some doctors do not recommend to apply this method in children with unilateral cryptorchidism, where one testicle is healthy and functioning normally, since large doses of HCG can negatively influence the process. During intensive hormonal treatment can begin early puberty.
When false cryptorchidism together with hormonal therapy, the doctor may try to lower the testicle into the scrotum by palpation.
If the conservative treatment does not yield results, is surgery, called orchiopexy. Treated cryptorchidism in children operation in age not earlier than 2 years. But some experts insist on Prov...
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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."
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