The story of volcanoes: Klyuchevskaya Sopka


2018-03-17 11:55:19




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Without a doubt, the main attraction of Kamchatka Peninsula-Klyuchevskaya Sopka, which is a large active volcano cone of the correct form. If we talk about the origin of the name, then the term “hill” the locals treated as a hill or a hill. The name of the mountain associated with the nearby river Klyuchevka village Keys. Presumably, the choice of the name of the volcano was also influenced by the presence nearby of a large number of keys are hot. Klyuchevskaya Sopka is covered with a glacial cap. Some of its languages descend almost to the foot of the mountain.Kamchatka Peninsula Klyuchevskaya Sopka

The First eruption of this volcano documentary was recorded in 1697, and the first detailed description dates from the year 1737. Then the participant of the second Kamchatka expedition under the direction of Bering Stepan Krashennikov noted that fierce, terrible fire lasted about a week. Because of him, the whole mountain turned into a red-hot stone and the fire with the strongest noise went down in a fiery river. Klyuchevskaya Sopka has significantly strengthened its activities in the summer of 1966. Then, during several eruptions the lava descended into the valley of the river Cirgury along the bed of which long flowed towards the settlement of the Keys. For two months the lava flow covered a distance of ten miles, which greatly frightened the locals.

Over the past two hundred years of observations of the eruption of the Klyuchevskaya volcano happened about fifty times. In the twentieth century the volcano has been most active in January 1980. On the side of a mountain, then there was a crack length of approximately one kilometer, which ejected huge amounts of ash and lava.Klyuchevskaya Sopka Volcano


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Relative to the height of the volcano a concrete answer yet. According to most atlases, this option is 4688 m. However, in many books and encyclopedic reference gives a figure of 4750 m. Based on data from the popular online source Wikipedia, Klyuchevskaya Sopka has a height 4649 m. the Explanation for this is quite simple. The fact that the volcano is now active. Like any other living creature, he has a tendency to constantly change their sizes. If you examine historical statistical information, we can see that as of 1978 the mountain was 4750 m. after twenty years of Klyuchevskoy volcano increased in height to one hundred meters. The eruption, which occurred in 1994 in connection with the growth of cinder cones, the mountain rose to 4822 m. Despite this, the activity of the volcano has led to the gradual destruction of cone and reduce the height to the level of 4750 m. today in the crater of the volcano again, there was an accumulation of material, which leads to its growth. In this regard, the height of the mountain is approximately 4,800 m.Klyuchevskaya Sopka

The First officially recorded ascent of the volcano Klyuchevskaya Sopka dates back to the year 1788. It happened in the period from 4 to 8 August. Then the Russian expedition, led by Billings, approached the base of the mountain, and driven by curiosity mountain conductor Daniel GAUS, along with several of his companions gained the summit of the volcano.

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