"Anti-piracy" law in Russia

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2018-03-17 15:16:14

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Important for the whole of the Internet "anti-piracy" law in Russia appeared in 2013. Since then it has undergone several revisions. Its adoption has led to a sharp public debate about the future of the world wide web and the free access to information.

The emergence of

What is the "anti-piracy" law? Why did the government took it? The spread of the Internet has turned the idea of the availability of information. When the Network has just appeared in Russia, it does not regulated and was only accessible to a small segment of users. Providers first appeared in Moscow in the 90-ies. Speed channel was very low.

Over time, the industry have evolved considerably. The largest mobile operators began to offer services to Internet service providers. In the zero years the Network became publicly available. This was facilitated by two factors. First, each house had its own personal computer. Second, the decrease in prices for Internet services.

Along with the avalanche-like growth of the audience in the Network began to appear more and more different content: music, books, movies... in fact people got free access to intellectual property. Changes in the market hurt the recording industry, etc., rights Holders, studios and writers increasingly began to turn to the state to deal with the situation with "piracy". So first on the informal slang was called illegal downloading various files. Later, the term caught on in official use. So got its name "anti-piracy" law.

anti-piracy law in Russia

Locking Mechanism

In 2013, the state Duma has begun the work of the group of deputies of Committee of communications. The result was the "anti-piracy" law. He had to enable blocking of websites if they contain unlicensed content. In this case, the initiative belongs to the copyright holder. If the owner of the film has discovered that a certain website is his property, got there illegally, he could contact the proper state authorities.

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First it was planned that the law will apply to any kind of information on the Internet. After certain amendments, it was decided to limit this rule only to video content. A year later, the list expanded again. In this case the holder must prove that he is – the owner of the products. Disputes with site owners are settled through the courts. To do this, the owner should sue. If the owner loses the case, he is obliged to pay compensation to the website owner and to all persons who suffered losses because of the court and the premature blocking.

APTLD

In order to "anti-piracy" law truly earned, the state needed a Department that would be involved in the blocking of sites. For this purpose, was chosen as Roskomnadzor, part of the Ministry of communications and mass communications of Russia.

When it was adopted "anti-piracy" law, the Federal service has received all the necessary tools in order to implement the blocking of sites within five days. From the outset it was unclear how much money will be required to provide the Department with all necessary resources. On the second day of action of the law of Roskomnadzor has asked for 100 million rubles a year to fight piracy. To work with blocked sites has created a special unit, which were occupied by 25 employees.

anti-piracy law in Russia

Adoption law

The Russian "anti-piracy" law was developed and adopted in a very short time. 6 Jun 2013 several State Duma deputies from three parliamentary parties made their project for consideration. The discussion was fleeting. June 21, "anti-piracy" law was adopted in the third reading. The only person who voted against him was the Deputy of "Fair Russia" Dmitry Gudkov.

On June 26 the bill was approved in the Federation Council, and on 2 July, signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin. Its provisions entered into force on 1 August 2013.

Criticism in the Internet industry

Even before the "anti-piracy" law in Russia came into force, it criticized the major domestic and foreign Internet companies (Yandex, Mail.ru, Google). Opponents of the project said that the new powers of Roskomnadzor not only hurt by the owners, but also will lead to the emergence of censorship in the Network.

Also in "Yandex" noted that the deputies decided to adopt new standards for the entire industry, not consulting experts. The state Duma did not respond to expert and public opinion. The Internet company asked, if not abolish, then at least modify the "anti-piracy" law in Russia.

Google made the pre-trial notification and removal of content. The problem was that Roskomnadzor could block a website without even warning its owners not giving him time to correct errors (deletion of counterfeit products). The specialists of "Yandex", among other things, added that to close the entire site makes no sense. Lock site becomes unavailable and the content that totally complies with the legislation. Therefore, experts noted that it is best to block the forbidden products for a direct link to it. In this case, the rest of the content will not be affected.

antipiracy law

Anti lock

When the "anti-piracy" law in Russia was adopted only in the Duma, many experts of the Internet industry have stated that blocking by IP address is pointless. The mechanism of this procedure is that Roskomnadzor could not remove the website and destroy any prohibited content, so the Agency closes the users of “door” leading to the site. This is done with the help of Internet service providers. Operators working in Russia will get a notification from the state that a certain website is now blacklisted. ISP blocks traffic users wishing to visit it.

But the site itself, these measures did not hurt. He continues to work on its own server. It in the same mode, you can access abroad, where Roskomnadzor has no authority. Therefore, immediately after the adoption of the law in the Russian segment of the Internet began to gain popularity various technical tools to bypass locks. For example, anonymizers direct user traffic to an IP address in another country. Thus, the person who wants to download something on the Internet can easily bypass the lock.

when it adopted anti-piracy law

Negative effects of the law

In "Yandex" and Mail.ru also asked MPs to take into account the experience of foreign countries in combating piracy. The companies agreed that the mechanisms of Roskomnadzor pave the way for abuse and violations. For example, the Agency could block bona fide resource. Even if it happens by mistake, not malicious intent, the loss of the owner of the website will be the same.

The Russian Association for electronic communications presented to the public its report about what threatens the "anti-piracy" law in Russia. The essence of his weaknesses is that the owners of Russian websites will begin to “move” to other countries. This is done very simply. The entire Internet is divided into domains belonging to different countries. In Russia, it ".EN”. If the owner of the resource “carry” his conditional ".com” it will be an additional blow for the whole Russian segment of the global Network.

Experts were asked to propose amendments that would have smoothed the sharp corners. In their opinion, the law was not to break the foundations of the functioning of the free Internet. In addition, some market participants began to fear that the new rules will be a tool to solve business problems certain copyright holders at the expense of the site owners.

anti-piracy law in Russia the article

Public Reaction

Many Internet sites as a sign of his disagreement with the new regulations temporarily stopped working on the day when entered into force "anti-piracy" law in Russia. Date of signing of this document became the impetus for the consolidation of the different participants in the virtual network. 1 Aug 2013 more thousands of websites turned off my server. The protest action took place on the streets. So, "Pirate party of Russia" held several rallies, including concerts in major cities.

The Internet began collecting virtual signatures for a petition to the authorities. According to the rules that the initiative was submitted to the state Duma, it must support at least one hundred thousand people. The required number of signatures were really collected in the first weeks after the adoption of the bill. However, any noticeable effects of this civil initiative failed. The petition was dismissed in October 2013.

The adoption of the law became the reason for the Association of supporters of the fight against pirated content. Thus, the major online cinemas created an Association called “Internet video”. The participants agreed to make joint efforts to develop the market of legitimate products on the Internet – movies, TV series, etc.

“the Eternal lock”

One of the most resonant events related to the adoption of the law was “eternal lock” popular torrent portal Rutracker.org. On this website laid out the various content. The owners of the resource ...more


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Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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