"ZIL-4104". Executive cars originally produced by the plant. Likhachev


2019-12-01 22:20:14




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"ZIL-4104", a car with body type "limousine" of a representative class, produced at the plant named Likhachev in the period from 1978 to 1983. The original name of the car was "ZIL-115".

From 1983 to 1985 inclusive were issued model "ZIL-41045," and later, starting with 1986 and up to 2002 "ZIL-41047". Significant differences with the base model was not, except for minor details of external appearance of the body. All the technical parameters remained unchanged. The name change was of rather a symbolic nature, as it was necessary to perform a planned task on improvement of produced cars.

ZIL 4104

"ZIL-4104": specifications

Car was assembled in the body type "limousine", mounted on a strong frame with side members a closed loop. The front fenders were removable, the rear is welded. The seven-seat cabin with three rows of seats were divided special soundproof glass partition, and thus the inner space of the car was divided into two completely disconnected parts.

The Second-row seats recline with silent hinges and fit closely to the partition wall. Thus freed significant space in the rear sector, which has been used for more free communication between the passengers in the back seat.

Since the ZIL - the car of a representation class, the cabin was set all sorts of devices media and entertainment. Among the equipment of salon were stereophonic radio-wave range, complemented by the sound console. Sound was provided by six speakers mounted around the perimeter of the interior space.


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All the Windows in the car were thickened - type triplex, shatterproof, tinted. The Windows in the doors went up and down electrically, equipped with a sensor emergency stop Stop Drive.

All body parts were fitted by hand, after Assembly the whole structure was painted in 9-10 layers with intermediate polishing of another layer. When the car was painted, the interior was filled with components: Paul Castilla carpets, seats tight fitting high-quality velour, the door panels were also covered by the same material, but of a different tone. The interior of the car was so graceful and elegant that has a definition - "style model 4104 ZIL". The car became an example for imitation.

Power plant

The model is "ZIL-4104" established the petrol engine of increased power. For running and high-speed parametres watched carefully, strongly supporting a high reputation as cars.

The engine of the car "ZIL-4104" has the following characteristics:

  • Type - petrol;
  • Volume - 7 695 CC;
  • Power - 315 HP;
  • Torque - 608 Nm;
  • The cylinders are V-shaped;
  • Number of cylinders - 8;
  • Cylinder diameter - 108 mm;
  • Compression ratio - 9,3;
  • Stroke - 105 mm;
  • Power - carburetor K-259;
  • Cooling liquid;
  • Fuel - gasoline AI-95 "Extra";
  • Fuel consumption is 22 litres per 100 kilometres in mixed mode.

ZIL 4104 technical specifications


This car had automatic transmission hydrotransformer type with three-stage planetary gearbox. The selector lever located between the front seats, the entire system is locked by a mechanical stopper, in fact, it is an effective hand brake. The lock is released automatically when pulling away.


The Front suspension is independent, without pins, double wishbone, with transverse stability rod. As damping device to reduce swaying, used torsion 28 mm cross-section located along the frame channel.

The Rear suspension dependent, on long (1550 mm) semi-elliptic leaf springs with spacers between the sheets. On all wheels mounted telescopic oleo.

luxury class car list

Brake system

The Car "ZIL-4104" was equipped with ventilated disc brakes on all wheels. The front discs diameter 292 mm, thickness 33 mm, back - in diameter 316 mm, thickness - 32 mm.

Hydraulic drive, divided into two independent circuits, acting on all wheels simultaneously. At refusal of one of branches the lack of brakes was not felt, the function automatically compensated by a spare line. The system provided the main vacuum booster and two Autonomous hydrovac. The Parking brake drum was built into the hub drives the rear wheels.


On the basis of "ZIL-4104" was created a few modifications for different purposes:

  • Model 41041, escort vehicle, with a shortened wheelbase. The decrease in the length and weight of the machine significantly improved its maneuverability and gave high dynamic properties.Soviet cars
  • "ZIL-41042" - sanitary version for the transport of the higher ranks in medical institutions. The car was black only and was operated by a team of three qualified doctors. In the cabin there was no resuscitation equipment, onlystretchers located in the middle.
  • Modification 41043 - vehicle communication line, produced on the basis 41042, station wagon. On the roof was a rotating parabolic antenna, government communications, and the body was shielded to prevent electronic interference.
  • "ZIL-41044" - front Phaeton for transporting the defense Minister and the commander of the parade on red square. In all there were three cars, one of which was in reserve.
  • Modification 41045 - all remained the same, but with the body removed the shiny mouldings, chrome trims, wheel arches and other elements that adorn the car. This was due to the change of Secretary General KPPS in 1983.

models of Soviet cars

Soviet cars

Auto industry of the Soviet Union 1955-1975 years was held at three existing plants: Gorky (GAZ), Factory named after Likhachev (ZIL), a Plant named after Stalin (ZIS), producing trucks and cars of a representative class. Overall, the "limousines" of Soviet production was quite competitive and reliable.

Luxury class of automobiles - the list:

  • "ZIS-110" – the first Soviet Executive car, production started in 1945.
  • "ZIL -111" – production was launched in 1958 at the Likhachev factory, belongs to the category of Executive cars.
  • "GAZ-12" ZIM – first premium car plant in Nizhny Novgorod, assembled by hand since 1948.
  • "GAZ-13" Chaika – "the limo" of the Gorky automobile plant, production established in 1959.
  • "GAZ-14" Chaika – carried out by hand since 1977, is one of the best representative car of the Soviet automobile industry.


Currently available for collectors models of Soviet cars in the full range in 1:43 scale, which is the most common prototype manufacturing.

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