Traditional Bulgarian cuisine: the dishes and their features

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2018-03-21 10:04:30

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Traditional Bulgarian cuisine features a variety of flavors that can win the heart and stomach of even the most spoiled traveler. In many respects it is similar to the Mediterranean, while creating culinary dishes often used meat, eggs, cheese and dairy products. Cuisine Bulgarians are very pronounced taste of food, the presence of a large number of herbs and spices and lots of greens, vegetables and cheeses of its own production.

Features Bulgarian cuisine

The Basis for the Bulgarian meals are most often meat and different vegetables: cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, peppers. Also often use legumes: beans, lentils.

Vegetables are on the table as fresh and in the form of pickles. They are eaten as a standalone side dish, and in hot dishes. Local chefs masterfully combine vegetables with dairy, flour, meat and fish products.Bulgarian cuisine

The National Bulgarian dishes often contain in their composition to dairy products. Yogurt, yogurt and kefir are used, for example, for soups and snacks.

Another feature of Bulgarian cuisine is the presence of a large number of herbs and spices. Because of this, sometimes the food is too spicy, and the meat dishes are sometimes a little too greasy. Those who first met with the national cuisine of Bulgaria, should heed these warnings to avoid problems with digestion.

The Best dishes of Bulgarian cuisine are served in the institutions that are called mehana. Here you can enjoy the local color and eat. In the tavern you can enjoy snacks and salads, first and main dishes, pastries and desserts. Special attention is paid to the national cheese. Besides that this product added to salads, main dishes and snacks, it is mandatory to cut on the table along with bread.

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Traditional Bulgarian cuisine: salads

The Popular salad dishes of Bulgaria are:

  1. Milky salad-dairy salad that includes cucumber, garlic, nuts and yogurt. Another local name for this dish – Snezhanka.
  2. Sheppard's salad-Shopska salad, consisting of vegetables, olives and the brine national cheese. By the way, the shops – a nation few in number, inhabiting on the West of Bulgaria.
  3. Ovcharska salad-shepherd's salad of veggies, eggs and two kinds of cheese.

The meal there are vegetables and dairy products, the presence of which the famous Bulgarian cuisine. Recipes some of the salads listed is shown on.

Milky salad. Milk salad

The Necessary ingredients for this dish:

  • Sour milk-1 liter;
  • Cucumber-3 pieces;
  • Nuts – 3 table. spoon;
  • Dill-5 sprigs;
  • Garlic-3 cloves;
  • Salt to taste.

Bulgarian food recipes

The brewing Process

  1. Strain the yoghurt through a sieve or cheesecloth, folded several times. Repeat the process until the yogurt the consistency of thick cream. To shift the resulting mass in a deep bowl.
  2. Cucumber peel and finely chop.
  3. Grind in a blender dill, walnuts and garlic with the addition of one or two pinches of salt.
  4. Add the yogurt to the cucumbers and mix greens and nuts. Mix well.

Sheppard's salad. Shopska salad

To prepare this dish will need the following items:

  • SIRENE (Bulgarian cheese) - 150 grams;
  • Cucumber-4 PCs;
  • Tomato-3 pieces;
  • Pepper-paprika-2 pieces;
  • Parsley-4 sprigs;
  • Black olives-a few pieces for decoration.

Best Bulgarian cuisine

The brewing Process

  1. Bake peppers in the oven until a light brown. Not cooling, put inside plastic bag and leave for a while. After remove the skin and get rid of the core. The resulting pulp is quite coarsely chop.
  2. Slice the tomatoes, cucumbers and onion into medium pieces.
  3. Put them in a container cut ingredients, add chopped parsley and stir.
  4. Spread vegetable mixture obtained in portioned plates.
  5. Siren grate on a fine grater and put on top of the salad.
  6. Decorate the top with olives each portion.

The table must contain olive oil and vinegar. Bulgarian cuisine implies that the layers of this dish before serving do not need to mix. Each independently add the desired dressing to the portion chapskogo salad.

The Traditional cuisine of Bulgaria: appetizers

A Special place in the Bulgarian kitchen is devoted to appetizers, in particular, local cheeses in two types. One of them is Serena – delicious Bulgarian white cheese. The second cheese-kashkaval made from sheep's milk.

The Most simple in execution is the appetizer of the siren. Should just cut product slices, drizzle with olive oil and sprinkle with red ground pepper.

Also snacks, which is famous for its Bulgarian national cuisine, include:

  • Kashkaval pan – sheep cheese in breadcrumbs;
  • Pig liver with chasyn – roasted peppers with garlic;
  • Varena caravita – boiled corn.

Pig Liver with chasyn. Roasted peppers with garlic

To prepare this dish you can use your regular paprika and spicythe chili pepper. Necessary ingredients:

  • Pepper-6 pieces;
  • Garlic-4 cloves;
  • Parsley-6 sprigs;
  • Olive oil-3 tbsp;
  • Wine vinegar-1 tablespoon;
  • Salt and pepper to taste.

Traditional Bulgarian cuisine

The brewing Process

  1. Pepper wash, remove the stalk and core.
  2. Fry it whole in a pan greased with butter, until Golden brown. Then you need to remove the heat to low, cover with pepper lid and simmer for twenty minutes.
  3. Chop the garlic and parsley, add salt, pepper and olive oil. Mix well.
  4. At the bottom of a deep dish place a layer of prepared peppers, the top layer of greens with oil, then again and again pepper sauce. Order dish is well marinated, you should leave it on overnight. Bulgarian cuisine is submission of the snacks in the cold.

The Traditional cuisine of Bulgaria: entrees

The Most common first Bulgarian dishes, recipes of which are provided below, that:

  1. Tarator-cold soup of yoghurt with vegetables, nuts and garlic. This dish is very popular in Bulgaria.
  2. Shkembe chorba-thick hearty tripe soup (certain parts of the stomach of cattle). This dish should be seasoned with garlic, vinegar and pepper. A feature of this soup is that it facilitates the flow of alcohol withdrawal.

Tarator

To prepare this cold soup will need the following ingredients:

  • Cucumbers – 500 grams;
  • Yogurt unsweetened – 800 grams;
  • Sour cream-250 grams;
  • Chili – ¼ pod;
  • Walnuts-100 grams;
  • Garlic-2 cloves;
  • Cilantro, dill-a few sprigs;
  • Vegetable oil-100 grams.

Bulgarian cuisine recipes

The brewing Process

  1. Wash cucumbers, peel and grate them on a coarse grater.
  2. Put the resulting mass in a deep container, add drinking unsweetened yogurt and sour cream. Mix well.
  3. Finely chop the peppers, cilantro and dill. Transfer to the bowl of cucumbers and yogurt and mix.
  4. Chop the garlic. Add it to the total mass, along with vegetable oil. Mix well.
  5. Advanced nuts to enter them into the soup and stir again.

The Traditional cuisine of Bulgaria: main dishes

The Mandatory attribute of food in this country is the large number of spices and seasonings. Most often hot dishes from the Bulgarian cuisine based on meat and vegetables. The most vivid and popular are:

  1. The Pig of Burek – stuffed peppers, baked in batter.
  2. Moussaka-casserole of potatoes and meat.
  3. Hotchpotch – meat, cheese and vegetables in pots, lined with layers.
  4. And of Course – a small sausage of pork or beef.
  5. Sarmi-stuffed grape or cabbage leaves.
  6. Drob-Selsky – lamb liver with rice.
  7. Serena Sheppard in Guice – Bulgarian white cheese-shopski style in a pot with tomatoes and egg.
  8. SAC-a dish with several types of meat with various vegetables, which is cooked on a special pan.
  9. Svenska or peleska kaiyrma – pot roast pork or chicken, respectively.
  10. Place – fish stewed with vegetables.

The Pig of Burek. Stuffed peppers, baked in batter

To prepare this dish you will need the following ingredients:

  • Pepper-6 pieces;
  • Egg-4 pieces;
  • The siren – 300 grams;
  • Flour for breading;
  • Bread crumbs.

National Bulgarian cuisine

The brewing Process

  1. Pepper remove the core, leaving the vegetables whole and well washed.
  2. Bake them in the oven, preheated to 200 °C, for twenty minutes before the darkened skin.
  3. Put hot peppers inside a plastic bag for fifteen minutes. After this time, clean the vegetables from the skin.
  4. To prepare the filling should be mashed Bulgarian cheese, lightly beat two eggs and mix well the components.
  5. For breading separately whisk two eggs.
  6. Gently stuff the peppers, trying not to damage. A little flattening vegetables for convenience frying. Roll pepper in flour, then in egg, then in bread crumb and again in egg.
  7. Fry the vegetables in heated pan, greased with vegetable oil, until Golden brown.

Serena Sheppard in Guice. Bulgarian white cheese-shopski style in pots

For this dish you need to take the following:

  • The siren – 500 grams;
  • Tomato-2 pieces;
  • Pepper-1 piece;
  • Eggs-6 pieces;
  • Chili – 6 pieces;
  • Parsley;
  • Vegetable oil.

Bulgarian cuisine salads

The brewing Process

  1. Lubricate the clay pots inside with vegetable oil. Spread on the bottom of the siren, then a layer kisirwani tomatoes and slices of bell pepper, add vegetable oil.
  2. Cook for 6-7 minutes in a well preheated oven, until vegetables allowed juice.
  3. To Get the pots to drive to each one chicken egg, again pour vegetable oil in the middle to insert the pod of pepper of Chile.
  4. Cook it in the oven to complete baking the eggs.To serve hot, pre-garnished with parsley.

The Traditional cuisine of Bulgaria: baking and desserts

Perhaps the most famous Bulgarian pastry-banitsa is. The so-called national layer cake. The filling can be both savoury and sweet. But the principle of cooking the same in both cases. Thinly rolled dough is interleaved with respective layers of fillings all baked in the oven.

A traditional Bulgarian pastry is presented by the following dishes:

  1. Princi – thin cakes, substitutes of bread. Can be supplied in pure form, and with the addition of garlic, SIRENE or kashkaval.
  2. Impregnation – as well as pylinki, are eaten instead of bread. Supplements are used the same. The only difference that the impregnation is much more luxuriant and softer.
  3. MAKITA – fried dough that Bulgarians eat for Breakfast, adding to it powdered sugar, jam, honey or Serena. It is a kind of national equivalent of the American doughnut.

The Most colorful desserts Bulgaria:

  • Kiselev mlyako with honey and walnuts – Bulgarian yogurt with honey and nuts;
  • Tikva with honey and nuts - pumpkin, baked with honey and nuts;
  • Bulgarian halva.

Such pastries and desserts famous Bulgarian cuisine. Recipes some of these dishes below.

Pylinki. Tortillas on the grill

These cakes are present on the table instead of bread. For their preparation the following ingredients are required:

  • Flour-450 grams;
  • Eggs – 1 piece;
  • Yogurt unsweetened – 400 milliliters;
  • Fresh yeast-20 grams;
  • Sugar-1 teaspoon;
  • Salt & ndash; 1 tablespoon;
  • Soda-1 pinch;
  • Vegetable oil-3 tablespoons.

Bulgarian national cuisine

The brewing Process

  1. Of the listed ingredients should mix enough dough and put it in a warm place for 30 minutes.
  2. Divide the dough and roll it into pellet with a thickness of one centimeter. Brush them with vegetable oil and grill them. You can also bake pylinki in the oven.

Milky soak. Milk layer cake

Bulgarian cuisine supposes this dessert chilled, cut into pieces. The necessary ingredients for the dough:

  • Flour-400 grams;
  • Eggs – 1 piece;
  • Vegetable oil-1 tablespoon;
  • Vinegar-1 tablespoon;
  • Water – 250 milliliters.

The Necessary ingredients for filling:

  • Milk-1 liter;
  • Sugar-250 grams;
  • Butter & ndash; 150 grams;
  • Vanilla.

Bulgarian cuisine

The brewing Process

  1. Of the listed components to knead the soft, rubbery dough.
  2. Roll out very thin cakes. Each of them lubricated with melted butter, gently gather into a pile and improvised these flowers put in a greased baking dish next to each other.
  3. Add the remaining melted butter and bake in the oven at a temperature of 170 °C until Golden brown.
  4. Meanwhile you need to cook the filling. To do this, heat the milk, add sugar and stir until fully dissolved.
  5. Eggs beat well with a whisk, then a thin stream pour the milk mixture while continuing to mix. Add vanilla.
  6. Pour the pastry with the mixture and send in the oven preheated to 170 °C to purchase a fill of Golden color.

What is the true Bulgarian cuisine? Its features are that for cooking widely used vegetables, local cheeses and dairy products. Also there is a lot of meat. Often the technology of cooking in pots. The recipes Bulgarian cuisine is quite simple to use, but the end result will surprise you with their uniqueness and allow you to feel the taste of Bulgaria.


Article in other languages:

BE: https://tostpost.com/be/ezha-napo/22951-tradycyynaya-balgarskaya-kuhnya-stravy-h-asabl-vasc.html

DE: https://tostpost.com/de/essen-und-trinken/22956-traditionelle-bulgarische-k-che-gerichte-und-ihre-eigenschaften.html

ES: https://tostpost.com/es/alimentos-y-bebidas/22970-cocina-tradicional-b-lgara-los-platos-y-sus-caracter-sticas.html

KK: https://tostpost.com/kk/azy--t-l-k-zh-ne-susyndar/22936-d-st-rl-bolgar-ta-amdar-ta-amdar-men-olardy-erekshel-kter.html

PL: https://tostpost.com/pl/jedzenie-i-picie/22898-tradycyjna-kuchnia-bu-garska-dania-i-ich-cechy.html

PT: https://tostpost.com/pt/refei-es-e-bebidas/22899-tradicional-b-lgara-de-cozinha-pratos-e-as-suas-caracter-sticas.html

TR: https://tostpost.com/tr/yiyecek-ve-i-ecek/22942-geleneksel-bulgar-mutfa-yemekleri-ve-zellikleri.html

UK: https://tostpost.com/uk/zha-napo/22926-tradic-yna-bolgars-ka-kuhnya-stravi-h-osoblivost.html






Alin Trodden - author of the article, editor
"Hi, I'm Alin Trodden. I write texts, read books, and look for impressions. And I'm not bad at telling you about it. I am always happy to participate in interesting projects."

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