What are emotions for humans and how to handle them

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2019-06-29 20:00:19

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Even the most calm and reserved people experience emotions. But what are emotions and why are they paid such attention? Most psychologists believe that this is the first and immediate reaction to an incident, an object or event. A transient phenomenon, which, however, it is very important for the body.

what is emotion

The fact that emotions serve as a kind of mirror to the outside world. Negative show that a person is not satisfied with the situation or don't like something.

Positive, on the contrary, prove the correctness of decisions and actions, serve as a kind of ‘gingerbread». In this case the emotions are more or less strong. For example, fear can still be overcome, but the horror – a much more powerful emotion – now it is much worse to control. Fear tells the man that he faced certain danger and horror – that the danger is too great and better run. Surprise tells us that information or event does not match the previously made conclusions and assumptions.

Scientists have long argued that what are emotions and how can they be separate and describe. Most often they are divided into simple and basic (joy, sadness, interest, anger, fear, surprise and disgust), pleasure in suffering (this is especially easily seen on the example of newborn babies) and many others. But underlying all of them arise from the compliance and Nonconformance events, and the surrounding reality, needs and beliefs of the person.

ways to manage emotions

However, there are options more difficult. It is primarily emotions are communicative, that is, the experiences associated with the thirst for communication, emotional intimacy. What the emotions of this type? They force people to look for friendship, sympathy and assistance. This category includes altruistic emotions, through which people help and protect someone, and the desire for fame, self-affirmation, recognition and honor. There are romantic emotions and pleasant sensations of the work done, achieve the goal or the contemplation of beauty. There is still a hedonistic emotions associated with satisfaction in comfort, bodily or mental, and the joy of acquisition or accumulation.

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What are emotions for humans? These are the first impulses that lead him and direct all activities they are primary in relation to thinking and mind, and they often direct behavior. And to live without them, people are simply not able, because emotions affect hormonal metabolism, tone the entire body and affect the feeling of happiness and fullness of life. That is why it is vital to know the ways to manage emotions and successfully to apply them.

emotional control

Some psychologists claim that harmful and do not need to suppress impulses. However, emotional control is still needed. After all, they can be dangerous and detrimental to the individual. There are three ways of managing emotions. It is primarily an attempt to switch to something else, choose another object to focus on. Usually, this method works great, just need to make some effort. The second method is to change beliefs, because they very much affect how a person perceives information from the environment. And the third way – changing physiology: breathing, body position, even tone of voice affects a person's thoughts and emotions.

Thus, despite the primacy of emotions and the fact that their occurrence is not subject to reason, people are nonetheless unable to control them and subdue, finding harmony and integrity. After all, unbridled, wild passion a pernicious and destructive, and gaining power over them gives you the opportunity to live a happy and full life.

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